Italian general election, 1919

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Italian general election, 1919
Italy
1913 ←
16 November 1919
→ 1921

All 508 seats to the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Turati.jpg Don Luigi Sturzo.jpg Giovanni Giolitti.jpg
Leader Filippo Turati Don Luigi Sturzo Giovanni Giolitti
Party Socialist Party People's Party Liberal Party
Seats won 156 100 96
Seat change Increase104 new party Increase4
Popular vote 1,834,792 1,167,354 904,195
Percentage 32.3% 20.5% 15.9%
Swing Increase14.7% new party Increase5.5%

Italian Parliament, 1919.svg

Composition of the Parliament

Prime Minister before election

Vittorio Emanuele Orlando
Historical Left

Subsequent Prime Minister

Francesco Saverio Nitti
Radical Party

Emblem of Italy.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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General elections were held in Italy on 16 November 1919.[1] The fragmented Liberal governing coalition lost the absolute majority in the Chamber of Deputies, due to the success of the Italian Socialist Party and the Italian People's Party. The Socialists received the most votes in almost every region and especially in Emilia-Romagna (60.0%), Piedmont (49.7%), Lombardy (45.9%), Tuscany (41.7%) and Umbria (46.5%), while the People's Party were the largest party in Veneto (42.6%) and came second in Lombardy (30.1%) and the Liberal lists were stronger in Southern Italy (over 50% in Abruzzo, Campania, Basilicata, Apulia, Calabria and Sicily).[2]

Electoral system[edit]

The old system of using single-member constituencies with two-round majority voting was abolished and replaced with proportional representation in 58 constituencies with between 5 and 20 members.[3]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Italian Socialist Party 1,834,792 32.3 156 +104
Italian People's Party 1,167,354 20.5 100 New
Liberal-Democratic-Radical 904,195 15.9 96
Italian Social Democratic Party 622,310 10.9 60 New
Italian Liberal Party 490,384 8.6 41
Fighters' Party 232,923 4.1 20 New
Radical Party 110,697 1.9 12
Economic Party 87,450 1.5 7 New
Italian Reform Socialist Party 82,157 1.4 6 –13
Dissident People's Party 65,421 1.2 0 New
Italian Republican Party 53,197 0.9 9 +1
Independent Socialists 33,938 0.6 1 –7
Invalid/blank votes 108,674
Total 5,793,492 100 508 0
Registered voters/turnout 10,239,326 56.6
Popular vote (Party)
PSI
  
32.28%
PPI
  
20.53%
Liberal-Democratic-Radical
  
15.91%
PDSI
  
10.95%
PLI
  
8.63%
PdC
  
4.10%
PR
  
1.95%
PE
  
1.54%
PSRI
  
1.45%
Others
  
2.68%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1047 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Piergiorgio Corbetta; Maria Serena Piretti, Atlante storico-elettorale d'Italia, Zanichelli, Bologna 2009
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1032