Italian general election, 1921

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Italian general election, 1921
Italy
1919 ←
15 May 1921
→ 1924

All 535 seats to the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Turati.jpg Don Luigi Sturzo.jpg EnricoCorradini.jpg
Leader Filippo Turati Don Luigi Sturzo Enrico Corradini
Party Socialist Party People's Party National Bloc
Seats won 123 108 105
Seat change Decrease33 Increase8 new party
Popular vote 1,631,435 1,347,305 1,260,007
Percentage 24.7% 20.4% 19.1%
Swing Decrease7.6% Decrease0.1% new party

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Francesco-Saverio-Nitti1.jpg Giolitti2.jpg Bordiga.gif
Leader Francesco Saverio Nitti Giovanni Giolitti Amedeo Bordiga
Party Democratic Liberal Party Liberal Party Communist Party
Seats won 68 43 15
Seat change Increase8 Increase2 new party
Popular vote 684,855 470,605 304,719
Percentage 10.4% 7.1% 4.6%
Swing Increase0.5% Decrease1.5% new party

Italian Parliament 1921.svg

Composition of the Parliament

Prime Minister before election

Giovanni Giolitti
Liberal Party

Subsequent Prime Minister

Ivanoe Bonomi
Reform Socialist Party

Emblem of Italy.svg
This article is part of a series on the
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General elections were held in Italy on 15 May 1921.[1] It was the first election were the recently acquired regions of Trentino-Alto Adige, Venezia Giulia, Zara and Lagosta island elected deputies, many of whom from Germanic and South Slav ethnicity.[2]

The Liberal governing coalition, strengthened by the joining of Fascist candidates in the "National Blocs" (33 of whom were elected deputies), came short of a majority. The Italian Socialist Party, weakened by the split of the Communist Party of Italy, lost many votes and seats, while the Italian People's Party was steady around 20%. The Socialists were stronger in Lombardy (41.9%), than in their historical strongholds of Piedmont (28.6%), Emilia-Romagna (33.4%) and Tuscany (31.0%), due to the presence of the Communists (11.9, 5.2 and 10.5%), while the Populars were confirmed the largest party of Veneto (36.5%) and the Liberal parties in most Southern regions.[3]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Italian Socialist Party 1,631,435 24.7 123 –33
Italian People's Party 1,347,305 20.4 108 +8
National Bloc 1,260,007 19.1 105 New
Democratic Liberal Party 684,855 10.4 68 +8
Italian Liberal Party 470,605 7.1 43 +2
Italian Social Democratic Party 309,191 4.7 29 –31
Communist Party of Italy 304,719 4.6 15 New
Italian Republican Party 124,924 1.9 6 –3
Party of Combatants 113,839 1.7 10 –10
Reformist Democratic Party 112,087 1.7 11 New
Slavs and Germans 88,648 1.3 9 New
Economic Party 53,382 0.8 5 –2
Independent Socialists 37,892 0.6 1 0
Dissident People's Party 29,703 0.4 0 0
National Fascist Party 29,549 0.4 2 New
Invalid/blank votes 93,355
Total 6,701,496 100 535 +27
Registered voters/turnout 11,477,210 58.4
Popular vote
PSI
  
24.69%
PPI
  
20.39%
National Bloc
  
19.07%
PLD
  
10.36%
PLI
  
7.12%
PDSI
  
4.68%
PCdI
  
4.61%
PRI
  
1.89%
PdC
  
1.72%
PDR
  
1.70%
Others
  
3.77%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1047 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ ITALY’S FRINGE OF ALIEN SUBJECTS, The New York Times, May 29, 1921
  3. ^ Piergiorgio Corbetta; Maria Serena Piretti, Atlante storico-elettorale d'Italia, Zanichelli, Bologna 2009