Italian general election, 1924

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Italian general election, 1924
Kingdom of Italy
1921 ←
6 April 1924 → 1929

All 535 seats to the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Mussolini biografia.jpg Alcide de Gasperi 2.jpg Giacomo Matteotti.jpg
Leader Benito Mussolini Alcide De Gasperi Giacomo Matteotti
Party Fascist Party People's Party United Socialist Party
Seats won 374 39 24
Seat change Increase372 Decrease69 new party
Popular vote 4,653,488 645,789 422,957
Percentage 64.9% 9.0% 5.9%
Swing Increase64.5% Decrease11.4% new party

Italian Parliament, 1924.svg

Composition of the Parliament

Prime Minister before election

Benito Mussolini
Fascist Party

Subsequent Prime Minister

Benito Mussolini
Fascist Party

Postcard promoted by the fascist propaganda.

General elections were held in Italy on 6 April 1924.[1] They were held under the Acerbo Law, which stated that the party with the largest share of the votes would automatically receive two-thirds of the seats in Parliament as long as they received over 25% of the vote.[2] The National List of Benito Mussolini (an alliance with Catholics, Liberals and Conservatives) used intimidation tactics,[2] resulting in a landslide victory and a subsequent two-thirds majority.

Parties and leaders[edit]

Party Ideology Leader
National List (LN) Fascism, Italian nationalism Benito Mussolini
Italian People's Party (PPI) Christian democracy, Popularism Alcide De Gasperi
United Socialist Party (PSU) Social democracy, Reformism Giacomo Matteotti
Italian Socialist Party (PSI) Socialism, Revolutionary socialism several
Communist Party of Italy (PCdI) Communism, Marxism-Leninism Antonio Gramsci
Italian Liberal Party (PLI) Liberalism, Centrism Luigi Facta

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
National List 4,305,936 60.09 355 +372
Italian People's Party 645,789 9.01 39 –69
United Socialist Party 422,957 5.90 24 New
Italian Socialist Party 360,694 5.03 22 -101
National List bis 347,552 4.85 19 New
Communist Party of Italy 268,191 3.74 19 +4
Italian Liberal Party 233,521 3.27 15 –28
Constitutional Opposition 157,932 2.20 14 New
Italian Republican Party 133,714 1.87 7 +1
Italian Social Democratic Party 111,035 1.55 10 –19
Party of Italian Peasants 73,569 1.03 4 New
Slavs and Germans 62,491 0.87 4 –5
Sardinian Action Party 24,059 0.34 2 New
Dissident Fascists 18,062 0.25 1 New
Invalid/blank votes 448,949
Total 7,614,451 100 535 0
Registered voters/turnout 11,939,452 63.8
Popular vote
PNF
  
64.94%
PPI
  
9.01%
PSU
  
5.90%
PSI
  
5.03%
PCdI
  
3.74%
PLI
  
3.26%
Constitutional Opposition
  
2.20%
PRI
  
1.87%
PDSI
  
1.55%
Others
  
2.49%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1047 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p1033