Italian general election, 1987

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Italian general election, 1987
Italy
1983 ←
June 14, 1987
→ 1992

All 630 seats in the Italian Chamber of Deputies
315 (of the 323) seats in the Italian Senate
Turnout 88.8%
  First party Second party Third party
  Ciriaco De Mita 2010.jpg Alessandro Natta.jpg Bettino Craxi-1.jpg
Leader Ciriaco De Mita Alessandro Natta Bettino Craxi
Party Christian Democracy Communist Party Socialist Party
Leader since 1982 1984 1976
Leader's seat XXIV - Eastern Campania III - Ligury III - Milan
Last election 225 & 120 seats, 32.9% 198 & 107 seats, 29.9% 73 & 38 seats, 14.3%
Seats won 234 (H)
125 (S)
177 (H)
101 (S)
94 (H)
36 (S)
Seat change Increase14 Decrease27 Increase19
Popular vote 13,241,188 10,254,591 5,505,690
Percentage 34.3% 26.6% 14.3%
Swing Increase1.4% Decrease3.3% Increase2.9%

Italian Election 1987 Province.png

Legislative election results map. Yellow denotes provinces with a Christian Democratic plurality, Red denotes those with a Communist plurality, Gray and Brown denotes those with an Autonomist plurality.

PM before election

Amintore Fanfani
Christian Democracy

Subsequent PM

Giovanni Goria
Christian Democracy

General elections were held in Italy on June 14, 1987.[1] This election marked the final inversion of the trend of the entire republican history of Italy: for the first time, the distance between the Christian Democrats and the Communists grew significantly instead of decreasing, and this fact was seen as the result of the deindustrialization of the country. The growth of the service sector of the economy, and the leadership of former PM Bettino Craxi, gave instead a new strength to the Socialists. A remarkable novelty was the rise of the new Green Lists, while a new party obtained its first two parliamentary seats: the North League.

Electoral system[edit]

Regional pluralities in Senate

The pure party-list proportional representation had traditionally become the electoral system for the Chamber of Deputies. Italian provinces were united in 32 constituencies, each electing a group of candidates. At constituency level, seats were divided between open lists using the largest remainder method with Imperiali quota. Remaining votes and seats were transferred at national level, where they was divided using the Hare quota, and automatically distributed to best losers into the local lists.

For the Senate, 237 single-seat constituencies were established, even if the assembly had risen to 315 members. The candidates needed a landslide victory of two thirds of votes to be elected, a goal which could be reached only by the German minorities in South Tirol. All remained votes and seats were grouped in party lists and regional constituencies, where a D'Hondt method was used: inside the lists, candidates with the best percentages were elected.

Parties and leaders[edit]

Party Ideology Leader
Christian Democracy (DC) Christian democracy, Popularism Ciriaco De Mita
Italian Communist Party (PCI) Communism, Eurocommunism Alessandro Natta
Italian Socialist Party (PSI) Democratic socialism, Social democracy Bettino Craxi
Italian Social Movement (MSI) Neo-Fascism, Italian nationalism Giorgio Almirante
Italian Republican Party (PRI) Republicanism, Centrism Giorgio La Malfa
Italian Democratic Socialist Party (PSDI) Social democracy, Centrism Franco Nicolazzi
Radical Party (PR) Radicalism, Anti-clericalism Marco Pannella
Green Lists (LV) Green politics, Ecologism Alexander Langer
Italian Liberal Party (PLI) Liberalism, Conservatism Renato Altissimo

Results[edit]

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Composition of the Chamber of Deputies after the election.
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Christian Democracy 13,233,620 34.31 234 +9
Italian Communist Party 10,250,644 26.58 177 –21
Italian Socialist Party 5,501,696 14.26 94 +21
Italian Social Movement 2,281,126 5.91 35 –7
Italian Republican Party 1,428,663 3.70 21 –8
Italian Democratic Socialist Party 1,140,209 2.96 17 –6
Radical Party 987,720 2.56 13 +2
Green List 969,218 2.51 13 New
Italian Liberal Party 809,946 2.10 11 –5
Liga VenetaUnited Pensioners 298,402 0.77 1 +1
Proletarian Democracy 641,901 1.66 8 +1
South Tyrolean People's Party 202,022 0.52 3
Lega Lombarda 186,255 0.48 1 New
Sardinian Action Party 169,978 0.44 2 +1
Piedmont Regional Autonomy 72,064 0.19 0 New
Piedmont 61,701 0.16 0 New
Hunting, Fishing, Environment 55,977 0.14 0 New
Aosta Valley 41,707 0.11 1
Others 238,2725 0.63 0
Invalid/blank votes 2,015,065
Total 40,586,573 100 630 0
Registered voters/turnout 45,692,417 88.83
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Popular vote
DC
  
34.31%
PCI
  
26.58%
PSI
  
14.26%
MSI
  
5.91%
PRI
  
3.70%
PSDI
  
2.96%
PR
  
2.56%
LV
  
2.51%
PLI
  
2.10%
DP
  
1.66%
Others
  
3.44%

Senate of the Republic[edit]

Composition of the Senate after the election.
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Christian Democracy 10,897,036 33.62 125 +5
Italian Communist Party 9,181,579 28.33 101 –6
Italian Socialist Party 3,535,457 10.91 36 –2
Italian Social Movement 2,121,026 6.54 16 –2
Italian Republican Party 1,248,641 3.85 8 –2
PSIPSDIPR 962,215 2.97 9
Italian Democratic Socialist Party 764,370 2.36 5 –3
Italian Liberal Party 700,330 2.16 3 –3
Green List 634,182 1.96 1 New
Radical Party 572,461 1.77 3 +2
Proletarian Democracy 493,667 1.52 1 +1
Liga VenetaUnited Pensioners 298,552 0.92 0 –1
South Tyrolean People's Party 171,539 0.53 2 –1
Lega Lombarda 137,276 0.42 1 New
Sardinian Action Party 124,266 0.38 1
Secular-Socialist Alliance 84,883 0.26 1 New
Piedmont Regional Autonomy 60,742 0.19 0 New
PSIPSDIPRGreens 58,501 0.18 1
Pensioners Popular Alliance 51,790 0.16 0 New
Piedmont 51,340 0.16 0 New
Molisean Democratic Alliance 49,297 0.15 0 New
Hunting, Fishing, Environment 41,135 0.13 0 New
Aosta Valley 35,830 0.11 1
Others 137,746 0.43 0
Invalid/blank votes 2,007,369
Total 34,421,230 100 315 0
Registered voters/turnout 38,951,485 88.37
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1048 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7