The 2013 Italian local elections were held on different dates; most on 25–26 May, with a second round on 8–9 June. In Italy, direct elections were held in 720 comuni: in each comune were chosen mayor and members of the City Council. Of the 720 comuni, 20 were capoluoghi and only 171 had a population higher than 15,000 inhabitants (10,000 for Sicily).
In Friuli-Venezia Giulia the elections were held on 21–22 April with a second ballot on 4–5 May; all of 13 comuni of the region voted for a new mayor and a new City Council occurrently with the Regional elections.
In Sicily the elections were held on 8–9 June with a second ballot on 23–24 June.
There weren't provincial elections around Italy because of their abolition (also in Sicily, since 2012), except for Friuli-Venezia Giulia: in this region citizens elected a new president and a new Provincial Council in Province of Udine.
All mayoral elections in Italy in cities with a population higher than 15,000 use the same voting system. Under this system voters express a direct choice for the mayor or an indirect choice voting for the party of the candidate's coalition. If no candidate receives at least 50% of votes, the top two candidates go to a second round after two weeks. This gives a result whereby the winning candidate may be able to claim majority support, although it is not guaranteed.
The election of the City Council is based on a direct choice for the candidate with a preference vote: the candidate with the majority of the preferences is elected. The number of the seats for each party is determined proportionally.