Italian referendum, 1995

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A twelve-part referendum was held in Italy on 11 June 1995.[1] Voters were asked whether they approved of the repealing (or partial repealing) of laws on union representation, union dues, collective contracts for public sector workers, internal exile for mafia members, public ownership of RAI, concessions for television channels, advertising breaks during films, television publicity, commercial licencing, local council elections and shopping hours.[2] Only five of the twelve proposals were passed.[2]

Results[edit]

Repealing of the law on union representation[edit]

Choice Votes %
For 12,297,033 50.0
Against 12,310,754 50.0
Invalid/blank votes 3,083,139
Total 27,695,048 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,630,728 56.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Partial repealing of the law on union representation[edit]

Choice Votes %
For 15,105,812 62.1
Against 9,226,071 37.9
Invalid/blank votes 3,338,553
Total 27,674,041 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,630,728 56.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Repealing of the law on the direct deduction of union dues from employees' salaries[edit]

Choice Votes %
For 13,949,499 56.2
Against 10,851,357 43.8
Invalid/blank votes 2,959,032
Total 27,763,191 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,630,728 57.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Repealing of the law on collective contracts for public sector workers[edit]

Choice Votes %
For 15,690,510 64.7
Against 8,550,360 35.3
Invalid/blank votes 3,425,691
Total 27,670,413 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,630,728 56.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Repealing of the law on the internal exile of mafia members[edit]

Choice Votes %
For 15,374,706 63.7
Against 8,773,389 36.3
Invalid/blank votes 3,567,938
Total 27,719,742 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,630,728 57.0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Repealing of the law on public ownership of RAI[edit]

If approved, this proposal would allow for the partial privatisation of RAI.[3]

Choice Votes %
For 13,767,132 54.9
Against 11,311,268 45.1
Invalid/blank votes 2,729,179
Total 27,810,809 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,630,728 57.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Repealing of the law regulating commercial licences[edit]

This proposal would limit ownership of television channels to one per person. This was denounced by Silvio Berlusconi (who owned three channels) as a "post-Communist plot".[3]

Choice Votes %
For 8,738,609 35.6
Against 15,801,429 64.4
Invalid/blank votes 3,178,531
Total 27,722,518 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,630,728 57.0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Repealing of the law on television channel concessions[edit]

This proposal would restrict advertising agencies to controlling the advertising of just two channels. This would stop Publitalia from selling advertising space in all three channels owned by Berlusconi.[3]

Choice Votes %
For 11,590,539 43.0
Against 15,366,242 57.0
Invalid/blank votes 1,187,715
Total 28,147,146 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,630,728 57.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Repealing of the law allowing advertising breaks during films[edit]

This proposal would have restricted advertising breaks during the screening of films on television.[3]

Choice Votes %
For 11,986,425 44.3
Against 15,049,256 55.7
Invalid/blank votes 1,102,201
Total 28,139,920 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,630,728 57.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Repealing of the law allowing television publicity grouping[edit]

Choice Votes %
For 11,730,479 43.6
Against 15,171,890 56.4
Invalid/blank votes 1,222,193
Total 28,126,572 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,630,728 57.8
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Repealing of the law on shop opening hours[edit]

Choice Votes %
For 9,384,490 37.5
Against 15,653,771 62.5
Invalid/blank votes 2,720,141
Total 27,762,483 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,630,728 57.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Repealing of the law on local council elections[edit]

Choice Votes %
For 12,162,505 49.4
Against 12,449,029 50.6
Invalid/blank votes 3,168,992
Total 27,784,033 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,630,728 57.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]