Italian regional elections, 1975

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Italian regional elections, 1975
Italy
1970 ←
15 June 1975
→ 1980

720 (of the 1050) seats in the Italian Regional Councils
  Majority party Minority party
  Amintore Fanfani.jpg
Leader Amintore Fanfani Enrico Berlinguer
Party Christian Democracy Communist Party
Leader since 1973 1972
Last election 287 seats, 41.6% 200 seats, 29.0%
Seats won 277 247
Percentage 38.5% 34.3%
Swing -10 +47

Regional vote IT 1975.png

Regional election results map. White denotes regions with a centrist (Christian Democratic) administration, Red denotes those with a leftist (Communist-Socialist) administration, Gray denotes those with an Autonomist administration.

The Italian regional elections of 1975 were held on June 15. The fifteen ordinary regions, created in 1970, elected their second assemblies. Following the 1971 census, Piedmont, Veneto and Latium had ten more seats each.

Electoral system[edit]

The pure party-list proportional representation had traditionally become the electoral system of Italy, and it was adopted for the regional vote too. Each Italian province corresponded to a constituency electing a group of candidates. At constituency level, seats were divided between open lists using the largest remainder method with Droop quota. Remaining votes and seats were transferred at regional level, where they was divided using the Hare quota, and automatically distributed to best losers into the local lists.

Results[edit]

Summary of the results of all the lists reaching at least a tenth of the suffrages.

Piedmont
Italian Communist Party 33.9% 22   Arrow-up.png 9
Christian Democracy 32.1% 20 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Italian Socialist Party 12.9% 8 Arrow-up.png 3
Lombardy
Christian Democracy 37.5% 32 Arrow-down.gif 4
Italian Communist Party 30.4% 25 Arrow-up.png 6
Italian Socialist Party 14.1% 11 Arrow-up.png 2
Veneto
Christian Democracy 48.0% 31 Arrow-up.png 3
Italian Communist Party 22.8% 14 Arrow-up.png 5
Italian Socialist Party 12.8% 8 Arrow-up.png 3
Liguria
Italian Communist Party 38.4% 16 Arrow-up.png 3
Christian Democracy 30.4% 13 Arrow-down.gif 1
Italian Socialist Party 13.5% 5 Arrow-up.png 1
Emilia-Romagna
Italian Communist Party 48.3% 26 Arrow-up.png 2
Christian Democracy 25.6% 13 Arrow-down.gif 1
Italian Socialist Party 10.2% 4 Arrow-up.png 1
Tuscany
Italian Communist Party 46.7% 25 Arrow-up.png 2
Christian Democracy 28.5% 15 Arrow-down.gif 2
Italian Socialist Party 10.7% 4 Arrow-up.png 1
Umbria
Italian Communist Party 46.1% 14 Arrow-up.png 1
Christian Democracy 27.6% 9 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Italian Socialist Party 13.9% 4 Arrow-up.png 1
Marche
Christian Democracy 36.5% 16 Arrow-down.gif 1
Italian Communist Party 36.9% 15 Arrow-up.png 1
Latium
Italian Communist Party 33.5% 21 Arrow-up.png 8
Christian Democracy 31.5% 20 Arrow-up.png 2
Italian Social Movement 11.4% 6 Arrow-up.png 1
Abruzzo
Christian Democracy 42.5% 18 Arrow-down.gif 2
Italian Communist Party 30.3% 13 Arrow-up.png 3
Italian Socialist Party 10.2% 4 Arrow-up.png 1
Molise
Christian Democracy 50.0% 16 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Italian Communist Party 17.9% 6 Arrow-up.png 1
Italian Socialist Party 10.1% 3 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Campania
Christian Democracy 36.7% 23 Arrow-down.gif 2
Italian Communist Party 27.1% 16 Arrow-up.png 3
Italian Social Movement 12.2% 7 Arrow-up.png 2
Italian Socialist Party 10.4% 6 Arrow-down.gif 1
Apulia
Christian Democracy 39.2% 21 Arrow-down.gif 1
Italian Communist Party 28.6% 15 Arrow-up.png 1
Italian Socialist Party 11.9% 5 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Italian Social Movement 10.8% 5 Arrow-up.png 1
Basilicata
Christian Democracy 41.9% 13 Arrow-down.gif 1
Italian Communist Party 27.1% 9 Arrow-up.png 2
Italian Socialist Party 13.2% 4 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Calabria
Christian Democracy 39.5% 17 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Italian Communist Party 25.2% 10 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Italian Socialist Party 14.7% 6 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg

Nine Regional Councils elected ad administration led by a Christian Democracy's member with a centrist alliance, while three regions, Piedmont, Ligury and Latium, changed side adding themselves to the traditional leftist strongholds Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany and Umbria: PCI and PSI shared three presidencies each. It was a big victory for Communist leader Enrico Berlinguer.

The results were a shock for the DC which, even if remaining the majority party, saw the possibility of an historical defeat at national level in the next election. The secretary Amintore Fanfani was fired, and the government led by Aldo Moro began to find more and more difficulties, leading to an early end of the national legislature the following year.