Italian regional elections, 1980

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Italian regional elections, 1980
Italy
1975 ←
8 June 1980
→ 1985

720 (of the 1050) seats in the Italian Regional Councils
  Majority party Minority party
 
Leader Benigno Zaccagnini Enrico Berlinguer
Party Christian Democracy Communist Party
Leader since 1975 1972
Last election 277 seats, 38.5% 247 seats, 34.3%
Seats won 290 233
Percentage 40.3% 32.4%
Swing +13 -14

Regional vote IT 1980.png

Regional election results map. White denotes regions with a centrist (Christian Democratic-Socialist) administration, Red denotes those with a leftist (Communist-Socialist) administration.

The Italian regional elections of 1980 were held on June 8. The fifteen ordinary regions, created in 1970, elected their third assemblies.

Electoral system[edit]

The pure party-list proportional representation had traditionally become the electoral system of Italy, and it was adopted for the regional vote too. Each Italian province corresponded to a constituency electing a group of candidates. At constituency level, seats were divided between open lists using the largest remainder method with Droop quota. Remaining votes and seats were transferred at regional level, where they was divided using the Hare quota, and automatically distributed to best losers into the local lists.

Results[edit]

Summary of the results of all the lists reaching at least a tenth of the suffrages.

Piedmont
  Christian Democracy 32.4% 20 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Communist Party 31.7% 20   Arrow-down.gif 2
  Italian Socialist Party 14.2% 9 Arrow-up.png 1
Lombardy
  Christian Democracy 38.9% 34 Arrow-up.png 2
  Italian Communist Party 28.2% 23 Arrow-down.gif 2
  Italian Socialist Party 14.5% 11 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Veneto
  Christian Democracy 49.2% 32 Arrow-up.png 1
  Italian Communist Party 21.8% 13 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 12.1% 7 Arrow-down.gif 1
Liguria
  Italian Communist Party 38.1% 15 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Christian Democracy 30.7% 13 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 13.4% 5 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Emilia-Romagna
  Italian Communist Party 48.2% 26 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Christian Democracy 25.6% 13 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 10.3% 4 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Tuscany
  Italian Communist Party 46.5% 25 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Christian Democracy 28.7% 15 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 11.8% 5 Arrow-up.png 1
Umbria
  Italian Communist Party 45.2% 14 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Christian Democracy 27.6% 9 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 14.3% 4 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Marche
  Christian Democracy 37.1% 16 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Communist Party 37.2% 15 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 10.1% 4 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Latium
  Christian Democracy 34.1% 22 Arrow-up.png 2
  Italian Communist Party 30.7% 19 Arrow-down.gif 2
  Italian Socialist Party 10.6% 6 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Social Movement 10.1% 6 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Abruzzo
  Christian Democracy 45.8% 20 Arrow-up.png 2
  Italian Communist Party 27.6% 12 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 10.8% 4 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Molise
  Christian Democracy 55.4% 17 Arrow-up.png 1
  Italian Communist Party 15.7% 5 Arrow-down.gif 1
Campania
  Christian Democracy 39.0% 25 Arrow-up.png 2
  Italian Communist Party 24.1% 15 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 12.5% 7 Arrow-up.png 1
  Italian Social Movement 11.3% 7 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Apulia
  Christian Democracy 42.1% 22 Arrow-up.png 1
  Italian Communist Party 24.6% 13 Arrow-down.gif 2
  Italian Socialist Party 13.3% 6 Arrow-up.png 1
Basilicata
  Christian Democracy 45.2% 14 Arrow-up.png 1
  Italian Communist Party 24.9% 8 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 13.7% 4 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Calabria
  Christian Democracy 41.2% 18 Arrow-up.png 1
  Italian Communist Party 24.2% 10 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 16.6% 7 Arrow-up.png 1

The election confirmed that the post-war growing march of the Italian Communist Party, which previously seemed unlimited, had been stopped. The Christian Democrats obtained a plurality in Piedmont, even if the ruling leftist alliance maintained its overall majority. Conversely, even if remaining the first party in Ligury, the Communists lost this region because the local Socialists chose to change side, joining a centrist alliance with the DC and its minor allies. In Latium, where an assembly majority change, happened in 1977, had restored a centrist administration, the final ouster of the Communists from the government was confirmed by the polls.