Italian regional elections, 1990

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Italian regional elections, 1990
Italy
1985 ←
12 May 1990
→ 1995

720 (of the 1058) seats in the Italian Regional Councils
  First party Second party
  Arnaldo Forlani.jpg Achille Occhetto.jpg
Leader Arnaldo Forlani Achille Occhetto
Party Christian Democracy Communist Party
Leader since 1989 1988
Last election 276 seats, 38.3% 225 seats, 31.3%
Seats won 272 184
Percentage 37.8% 25.6%
Swing Decrease4 Decrease41

Regional vote IT 1990.png

Regional election results map. White denotes regions with a centrist (Christian Democratic-Socialist) administration, Red denotes those with a leftist (Communist-Socialist) administration.

The Italian regional elections of 1990 were held on May 16. The fifteen ordinary regions, created in 1970, elected their fifth assemblies.

Electoral system[edit]

The pure party-list proportional representation had traditionally become the electoral system of Italy, and it was adopted for the regional vote too. Each Italian province corresponded to a constituency electing a group of candidates. At constituency level, seats were divided between open lists using the largest remainder method with Droop quota. Remaining votes and seats were transferred at regional level, where they was divided using the Hare quota, and automatically distributed to best losers into the local lists.

Results[edit]

Summary of the results of all the lists reaching at least a tenth of the suffrages.

Piedmont
  Christian Democracy 27.9% 18 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Communist Party 22.8% 14   Arrow-down.gif 4
  Italian Socialist Party 15.3% 9 Arrow-up.gif 1
Lombardy
  Christian Democracy 28.6% 25 Arrow-down.gif 6
  Lombard League 18.9% 15 Arrow-up.gif 15
  Italian Communist Party 18.8% 15 Arrow-down.gif 7
  Italian Socialist Party 14.3% 12 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Veneto
  Christian Democracy 42.4% 27 Arrow-down.gif 3
  Italian Communist Party 15.6% 10 Arrow-down.gif 2
  Italian Socialist Party 13.7% 8 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Liguria
  Italian Communist Party 28.4% 12 Arrow-down.gif 3
  Christian Democracy 27.5% 12 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 14.1% 6 Arrow-up.gif 2
Emilia-Romagna
  Italian Communist Party 42.1% 23 Arrow-down.gif 3
  Christian Democracy 23.4% 13 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 12.4% 6 Arrow-up.gif 2
Tuscany
  Italian Communist Party 39.8% 22 Arrow-down.gif 3
  Christian Democracy 25.9% 14 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 13.6% 6 Arrow-up.gif 1
Umbria
  Italian Communist Party 38.4% 12 Arrow-down.gif 2
  Christian Democracy 27.5% 9 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 16.1% 5 Arrow-up.gif 1
Marche
  Christian Democracy 36.3% 15 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Communist Party 30.0% 13 Arrow-down.gif 2
  Italian Socialist Party 12.7% 5 Arrow-up.gif 1
Latium
  Christian Democracy 34.5% 22 Arrow-up.gif 1
  Italian Communist Party 23.8% 15 Arrow-down.gif 3
  Italian Socialist Party 14.3% 9 Arrow-up.gif 2
Abruzzo
  Christian Democracy 46.7% 20 Arrow-up.gif 1
  Italian Communist Party 20.5% 8 Arrow-down.gif 3
  Italian Socialist Party 14.7% 6 Arrow-up.gif 1
Molise
  Christian Democracy 58.9% 19 Arrow-up.gif 1
  Italian Communist Party 12.2% 4 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 12.0% 4 Arrow-up.gif 1
Campania
  Christian Democracy 40.8% 25 Arrow-up.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 19.0% 12 Arrow-up.gif 3
  Italian Communist Party 16.7% 10 Arrow-down.gif 4
Apulia
  Christian Democracy 40.7% 22 Arrow-up.gif 2
  Italian Socialist Party 19.7% 10 Arrow-up.gif 2
  Italian Communist Party 18.7% 10 Arrow-down.gif 3
Basilicata
  Christian Democracy 47.2% 15 Arrow-up.gif 1
  Italian Communist Party 19.2% 6 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 18.0% 6 Arrow-up.gif 1
Calabria
  Christian Democracy 38.2% 16 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 22.3% 9 Arrow-up.gif 1
  Italian Communist Party 19.5% 8 Arrow-down.gif 2

Italian political spectrum, which had been quite blocked since World War II, began to change rapidly. Umberto Bossi's League obtained a stunning result in the main election of this round of vote, the choice of the Lombard Regional Council. If the Christian Democracy hugely suffered the League pressure in Northern Italy, it counterbalanced these negative result in Southern Italy. All Italy instead punished the Communists, revolutions in the Eastern Bloc having marked the final decline of the party: Secretary Achille Occhetto understood that an era was finished, and prepared the transition of his group to social-democratic ideas.

Despite these changes, all fifteen councils confirmed their respective political administrations. However, numbers in Northern Italy were too close to allow stable leaderships, and a period of fragmentation was opened in those regions. When these councils expired in 1995, all Italian politics was completely changed.