Italian regional elections, 1990

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Italian regional elections, 1990
Italy
1985 ←
12 May 1990 → 1995

720 (of the 1058) seats in the Italian Regional Councils
  First party Second party Third party
  Forlani.jpg Achille Occhetto.jpg Bettino Craxi-1.jpg
Leader Arnaldo Forlani Achille Occhetto Bettino Craxi
Party Christian Democracy Communist Party Socialist Party
Leader since 1989 1988 1976
Last election 276 seats, 38.3% 225 seats, 31.3% 94 seats, 13.3%
Seats won 272 182 119
Percentage 33.5% 24.0% 15.3%
Swing Decrease4 Decrease43 Increase25

Regional vote IT 1990.png

Regional election results map. White denotes regions with a centrist (Christian Democratic-Socialist) administration, Red denotes those with a leftist (Communist-Socialist) administration.

The Italian regional elections of 1990 were held on May 16. The fifteen ordinary regions, created in 1970, elected their fifth assemblies.

Electoral system[edit]

The pure party-list proportional representation had traditionally become the electoral system of Italy; it was also adopted for the regional vote. Each Italian province corresponded to a constituency electing a group of candidates. At constituency level, seats were divided between open lists using the largest remainder method with Droop quota. Remaining votes and seats were transferred at regional level, where they were divided using the Hare quota, and automatically distributed to best losers into the local lists.

Results[edit]

Summary of the results of all the lists reaching at least a tenth of the suffrages.

Piedmont
  Christian Democracy 27.9% 18 Decrease1
  Italian Communist Party 22.8% 14   Decrease4
  Italian Socialist Party 15.3% 9 Increase1
Lombardy
  Christian Democracy 28.6% 25 Decrease6
  Lombard League 18.9% 15 Increase15
  Italian Communist Party 18.8% 15 Decrease7
  Italian Socialist Party 14.3% 12 Steady
Veneto
  Christian Democracy 42.4% 27 Decrease3
  Italian Communist Party 15.6% 10 Decrease2
  Italian Socialist Party 13.7% 8 Steady
Liguria
  Italian Communist Party 28.4% 12 Decrease3
  Christian Democracy 27.5% 12 Decrease1
  Italian Socialist Party 14.1% 6 Increase2
Emilia-Romagna
  Italian Communist Party 42.1% 23 Decrease3
  Christian Democracy 23.4% 13 Steady
  Italian Socialist Party 12.4% 6 Increase2
Tuscany
  Italian Communist Party 39.8% 22 Decrease3
  Christian Democracy 25.9% 14 Steady
  Italian Socialist Party 13.6% 6 Increase1
Umbria
  Italian Communist Party 38.4% 12 Decrease2
  Christian Democracy 27.5% 9 Steady
  Italian Socialist Party 16.1% 5 Increase1
Marche
  Christian Democracy 36.3% 15 Steady
  Italian Communist Party 30.0% 13 Decrease2
  Italian Socialist Party 12.7% 5 Increase1
Latium
  Christian Democracy 34.5% 22 Increase1
  Italian Communist Party 23.8% 15 Decrease3
  Italian Socialist Party 14.3% 9 Increase2
Abruzzo
  Christian Democracy 46.7% 20 Increase1
  Italian Communist Party 20.5% 8 Decrease3
  Italian Socialist Party 14.7% 6 Increase1
Molise
  Christian Democracy 58.9% 19 Increase1
  Italian Communist Party 14.2% 4 Decrease4
  Italian Socialist Party 12.0% 4 Increase1
Campania
  Christian Democracy 40.8% 25 Increase1
  Italian Socialist Party 19.0% 12 Increase3
  Italian Communist Party 16.7% 10 Decrease4
Apulia
  Christian Democracy 40.7% 22 Increase2
  Italian Socialist Party 19.7% 10 Increase2
  Italian Communist Party 18.7% 10 Decrease3
Basilicata
  Christian Democracy 47.2% 15 Increase1
  Italian Communist Party 19.2% 6 Decrease1
  Italian Socialist Party 18.0% 6 Increase1
Calabria
  Christian Democracy 38.2% 16 Steady
  Italian Socialist Party 22.3% 9 Increase1
  Italian Communist Party 19.5% 8 Decrease2

Italian political spectrum, which had been quite blocked since World War II, began to change rapidly. Umberto Bossi's Lega Nord obtained a stunning result in the main election of this round of vote, the choice of the Lombard Regional Council. If the Christian Democracy hugely suffered the League pressure in Northern Italy, it counterbalanced these negative result in Southern Italy. All Italy instead punished the Communists, revolutions in the Eastern Bloc having marked the final decline of the party: Secretary Achille Occhetto understood that an era was finished, and prepared the transition of his group to social-democratic ideas.

Despite these changes, all fifteen councils confirmed their respective political administrations. However, numbers in Northern Italy were too close to allow stable leaderships, and a period of fragmentation was opened in those regions. When these councils expired in 1995, all Italian politics was completely changed.