Italians in France
|up to 5,000,000
~9% of France's population going back three generations
|Regions with significant populations|
|France, especially Southeastern France.|
|French, Italian, Italian dialects.|
Italian migration into what is today France has been going on, in different migrating cycles, for centuries, beginning in prehistoric times right to the modern age. In addition, Corsica passed from the Republic of Genoa to France in 1770, and the area around Nice and Savoy from the Kingdom of Sardinia to France in 1860. According to Robin Cohen, "about 5 million French nationals are of Italian origin if their parentage is retraced over three generations."
History of Italians in France
Middle Ages and Renaissance
There has always been large migration, since ancient times, between what is today Italy and what is today France. This is especially true of the regions of northwestern Italy and southern France. As Italian wealth and influence grew during the Middle Ages, many Florentine, Genoese, Neapolitan, Piedmontese and Venetian traders, bankers and artisans settled, usually through family branches, throughout France, and posts and Italian colonies sprang up as far north as Paris and Flanders.
This Italian trade network continued through the Renaissance, as previous generations became assimilated. Italian artists, writers and architects were called upon by the French monarchy and aristocrats.
Since the 16th century, Florence as a state and Florentines as a business community, has long enjoyed a very close relationship with France. In 1533, at the age of fourteen, Catherine de' Medici married Henry, second son of King Francis I and Queen Claude of France. Under the gallicised version of her name, Catherine de Médicis, she was Queen consort of France as the wife of King Henry II of France from 1547 to 1559. She became regent on behalf of her ten-year-old son King Charles IX and was granted sweeping powers. After Charles died in 1574, Catherine played a key role in the reign of her third son, Henry III.
Cardinal Mazarin, born in the Kingdom of Naples was a cardinal, diplomat and politician, who served as the chief minister of France from 1642 until his death in 1661. Mazarin succeeded his mentor, Cardinal Richelieu, and extended France's political ambitions not only within Italy but towards England as well.
Initially, Italian immigration to modern France (late 18th to the early 20th century) came predominantly from northern Italy (Piedmont, Veneto), then from central Italy (Marche, Umbria), mostly to the bordering southeastern region of Provence. It wasn't until after World War II that large numbers of immigrants from southern Italy immigrated to France, usually settling in industrialised areas of France, such as Lorraine, Paris and Lyon.
In both the County of Nice, parts of Savoy, "Italian" can refer to autochthonous speakers of Italian dialects (Ligurian and Piedmontese languages), natives in the region since before annexation to France, and also to descendants of Italians that migrated to the areas when they were part of Italian states. The number of inhabitants with Italian ancestry is generally undeterminable, and the use of French language is now ubiquitous. In addition, Corsica was a part of the Republic of Genoa until 1770 and until recently, most Corsicans spoke the Corsican language, considered by most linguists to be a dialect of Italian, related to Tuscan.
Notable French Italians
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (October 2013)|
- Louis-Auguste Blanqui (1805-1881), politician.
- Henri Cernuschi (1821-1896), (in Italian Enrico Cernuschi), banker, journalist et art collector, born in Milano. See musée Cernuschi.
- Léon Gambetta (1838-1882), avocat, homme politique, dont le grand-père est originaire de Gênes en Ligurie.
- Paul Cézanne (1839-1906), painter, his family was from Cesana Piemontese
- Émile Zola (1840, Paris - 1902, Paris), writer and politician (father born in Venice)
- Philippe Solari (1840-1906), artist
- Joseph Galliéni (1849-1916), French officer (father from Lombardy)
- Jean-François Raffaëlli, (1850-1924), artist
- Raoul Pugno (1852-1914), composer, pianist
- Clément Castelli (1870-1959), painter.
- Vincent Scotto (1874-1952), composer
- Ricciotto Canudo (1879-1923), writer
- Ettore Bugatti (1881, Milan - 1947, Neuilly-sur-Seine),
- Rembrandt (Annibale) Bugatti (1884-1916), s
- Amedeo Clemente Modigliani .
- Henri Bosco (Fernand Marius Bosco) (1888-1976), novellist
- Michel Carlini (1889-1967), lawyer and politician
- Jean Giono (1895, Manosque - 1970, Manosque)
- José Corti, né Corticchiato (1895-1984),
- Paul Belmondo (1898-1982),
- Cino Del Duca (1899, Montedinove - 1967, Paris),
- Stéphane Grappelli (1908-1997),
- Rina Ketty (1911-1996),
- Marcel Bich, (1914-1994),
- Édith Piaf née Édith Giovanna Gassion, (1915-1963), singer with Italian-Berber mother Line Marsa.
- Léo Ferré (1916-1993),
- César Baldaccini (1921-1998),
- Willy Rizzo ( 1928-2013),
- Elsa Schiaparelli, (1890-1973), .
- Pierre Cardin (1922, Sant 'Andrea di Barbarana)
- Loris Azzaro, (1933-2003), couturier et parfumeur, né en Tunisie de parents siciliens.
- Emanuel Ungaro, (1933-),
- Luc Ferrari (1929-2005),
- Roberto Alagna (1963),
- Georges Brassens (1921-1981),
- Serge Reggiani (1922-2004),
- Marcel Zanini,
- Marcel Azzola (1927),
- Claude Nougaro (1929-2004),
- Francesca Solleville (1932),
- Dalida, Iolanda Cristina Gigliotti (1933-1987),
- Nino Ferrer, de son vrai nom Nino Agostino Arturo Maria Ferrari (1934-1998),
- (Eliane Marie Amélie) Pia Colombo (1934-1986),
- Orlando-Bruno Gigliotti (1936),
- Claude François (1939-1978),
- Salvatore Adamo (1943),
- Gérard Rinaldi (1943-2012)
- Nicole Grisoni, dite Nicoletta (1944),
- Michel Gérard Joseph Colucci Coluche (1944-1986).
- Daniel Bevilacqua, Christophe (1945),
- Riccardo Richard Cocciante (1946),
- Alice Donadel, dite Alice Dona (1946-),
- Hervé Forneri, dit Dick Rivers (1946),
- Richard Galliano (1950),
- Marc Cerrone (1952),
- Francis Cabrel (1953),
- Stéphane Sanseverino,
- Michel Petrucciani (1962-1999),
- Carla Bruni-Sarkozy (1967),
- Hélène Ségara (née Hélène Rizzo) (1971),
- Fanny (1979),
- Seth Gueko,
- Claude Costa (1984), violoniste.
- Family Bouglione,
- Violette Annie Fratellini,
- Family Medrano,
- Achille Zavatta, clown,
- Pierre Arditi,
- Alexandre Astier,
- Thierry Beccaro,
- Jean-Paul Belmondo,
- Jean-Pierre Castaldi,
- Philippe Castelli ( 1926-2006),
- Valeria Bruni-Tedeschi,
- Corinne Cléry,
- Claude Faraldo,
- Fernand Joseph Désiré Contandin dit Fernandel,
- Marina Foïs,
- Florence Foresti,
- Fabrice Luchini,
- Elsa Lunghini,
- Gilles Marini,
- Chiara Mastroianni,
- Jocelyne Yvonne Renée Mercier, Michèle Mercier,
- Luc Merenda,
- Yves Montand (Ivo Livi) (1921-1991),
- Michel Piccoli,
- Bruno Putzulu,
- Emmanuelle Riva,
- Daniel Russo,
- Sylvie Testud,
- Dominique Zardi (1930-2009),
- Claude Barma,
- Robert Enrico,
- Stellio Lorenzi,
- Alessandro Mercuri,
- Florent Emilio Siri,
- Patrick de Carolis,
- Benjamin Castaldi,
- Laurence Ferrari,
- Karine Ferri,
- Mario Jacques Daniel Filipacchi,
- Thierry Gilardi, ancien journaliste et commentateur sportif
- Jean-Marc Morandini, journaliste, animateur radio et télé, de père corse et de mère sarde
- Philippe Risoli, animateur radio et télé
- François Cavanna (1923, Nogent-sur-Marne),
- Armand Gatti (1924, Monaco), de son vrai nom Dante Sauveur Gatti, poète, auteur, dramaturge, metteur en scène, scénariste, réalisateur, journaliste.
- Remo Forlani (1927, Paris - 2009, Paris),
- Albert Uderzo (1927, Fismes),
- Paul Virilio (1932),
- Max Gallo (1932, Nice),
- Pierre Milza (1932, Paris)
- Daniel Pennac (Daniel Pennacchioni) (1944, Casablanca),
- Jean-Claude Izzo (1945, Marseille - 2000),
- Patrick Modiano (1945, Boulogne-Billancourt),
- Aurélie Filippetti (1973, Villerupt)
- Jean Alesi,
- Vincent Candela,
- Philippe Candeloro,
- Éric Cantona,
- Dominique Casagrande,
- Mathieu Flamini,
- David Ginola,
- Roger Grava,
- Max Guazzini,
- Jeannie Longo,
- Claude Onesta,
- Angelo Parisi,
- Roger Piantoni,
- Michel Platini, (1955,-),
- Sébastien Squillaci,
- Walter Spanghero,
- Lazare Ponticelli (1897, Bettola - 2008, Kremlin-Bicêtre), Gare de Lyon,
- Max Guazzini (1947),
- Henri Proglio (1949),
- Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, Pietro Savorgnan di Brazzà, explorateur français d'origine italienne, né à Rome, frioulan.
- Claude Bartolone (*1951),
- Jean-Louis Bianco (*1943),
- Eric Ciotti (*1965),
- Christian Estrosi (*1955),
- Hubert Falco (*1947),
- Raymond Forni (1941-2008),
- Thierry Mariani (*1958),
- Jean-François Mattei (*1943),
- Nadine Morano (*1963),
- Gérard Onesta (*1960),
- Gérard Schivardi (*1950),
- Bernard Stasi (1930-2011),
- Catherine Tasca (*1941),
- Jean-Marc Todeschini (*1952),
- André Vallini (*1956),
- Cohen, Robin (1995). The Cambridge Survey of World Migration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 143. ISBN 9780521444057.
- (French) Histoire de l'Italie à Paris. Italieaparis.net. Retrieved on 2011-07-04.
- Project MUSE – Renaissance Quarterly – Savonarola in Francia: Circolazione di un'eredità politico-religiosa nell'Europa del Cinquecento (review). Muse.jhu.edu. Retrieved on 2011-07-04.
- http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/402943/Napoleon-I |title=Napoleon I (emperor of France) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia |publisher=Britannica.com |date= |accessdate=2010-09-02