Italians in Germany
|800 000 - 1 million 1% of Germany's population|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Berlin · Hamburg · Munich · Rhein-Ruhr · Frankfurt · Stuttgart · Cologne|
|German · Italian|
|Major Catholicism · Lutheranism · Others|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Italian people · Other European peoples|
Italians in Germany consist of ethnic Italian migrants to Germany and their descendants, both those originating from Italy as well as from among the communities of Italians in Switzerland. Over time most Italians moved from home to Germany for reasons of work. Some also left for personal relations, study, or political reasons. Today, Italians in Germany form one of the largest Italian diasporas in the world and account for one of the largest immigrant groups in Germany.
Large numbers of Italians have resided in Germany since the early Middle Ages, particularly architects, craftsmen and traders. During the late Middle Ages and early modern times many Italians came to Germany for business, and relations between the two countries prospered. The political borders were also somewhat intertwined under the German princes' attempts to extend control over all the Holy Roman Empire, which extended from northern Germany down to southern Italy. During the Renaissance many Italian bankers, architects and artists moved to Germany and successfully integrated in the German society.
With Germany's post-World War II economic boom (Wirtschaftswunder), a large wave of immigrants from Italy relocated to Germany. Italy and Germany have been joint members of the European Coal and Steel Community (later the European Economic Community). Since the establishment of freedom of movement for workers between the two countries in 1961, more than 580,000 Italians migrated to Germany for work, mainly from southern and north-eastern Italy.
The workers in the Contemporary Art Museum of Casoria in Naples, Italy, proposed a plea of assylum to Germany.
Italians in Germany run a lot of businesses mainly in the following areas:
- restaurants, coffee shops and food markets
- retail and fashion
- art and media
- Mario Adorf, actor.
- Angelo Barletta, football player.
- Bernhard Bolzano, mathematician, logician, philosopher, theologian and Catholic priest.
- Lujo Brentano, economist.
- Clemens Brentano, poet and novelist.
- Ferruccio Busoni, composer, pianist, conductor, editor, writer, and piano teacher.
- Leo von Caprivi, general and statesman.
- Diego Contento, football player.
- Rudolf Caracciola, racing driver.
- Luigi Colani, industrial designer.
- Maurizio Gaudino, football player.
- Daniel Caligiuri, football player.
- Marco Caligiuri, football player.
- Johann Maria Farina, perfumier.
- de:Reto Francioni
- Romano Guardini, Catholic priest, author, and academic.
- de:Vittorio Hösle
- Bruno Maderna, Italian conductor and composer.
- Denis Moschitto, actor.
- Oliver Neuville, football player.
- Franka Potente, actress.
- Johannes Augel - Italienische Einwanderung und Wirtschaftstätigkeit in rheinischen Städten des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts - Bonn, L. Röhrscheid, 1971.
- G. Corni, C. Dipper - Italiani in Germania tra Ottocento e Novecento: spostamenti, rapporti, immagini, influenze - Bologna, Il Mulino, 2006, ISBN 88-15-10731-2.
- Marco Fincardi - Emigranti a passo romano: operai dell'Alto Veneto e Friuli nella Germania hitleriana - Verona, Cierre, 2002, ISBN 88-8314-179-2.
- Brunello Mantelli - Camerati del lavoro. I lavoratori emigrati nel Terzo Reich nel periodo dell'Asse 1938-1943 - Scandicci, La Nuova Italia, 1942.
- Claudia Martini - Italienische Migranten in Deutschland: transnationale Diskurse - Amburgo, D. Reimer, 2001, ISBN 3-496-02496-8.
- 'A Warning Scream from Italian Art': Naples Museum Requests Asylum in Germany Der Spiegel 2011-02-07
- Italian emigration in Germany during the 20th century (in German)
- Website of the Italiani in Germany
- Webgiornale.de, News from the Italian community in Germany
- Italians in Germany, from Storia dell'emigrazione italiana pag.121 (in Italian)
- Italian Embassy in Berlin