Italo-Dalmatian languages

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Italo-Dalmatian
Geographic
distribution:
Italy, Corsica, Croatia
Linguistic classification: Indo-European
Glottolog: ital1286[1]

The Italo-Dalmatian languages, or Central Romance languages, are a group of Romance languages of Italy, Corsica, and, formerly, the Dalmatian Coast of Croatia.

Italo-Dalmatian can be split into:[2]

  • Italian Romance, which includes most Italian languages;
  • Dalmatian Romance, which includes Dalmatian and Istriot.

Italo-Dalmatian is sometimes included in Eastern Romance (which includes Romanian). Italo-Dalmatian is also sometimes included in Western Romance (which includes the Gallo-Romance and Iberian Romance languages) as Italo-Western. Also, Italian Romance is sometimes included in Italo-Western, with Dalmatian Romance included in Eastern Romance.

Language Summary[edit]

Based on mutual intelligibility, Dalby lists four languages: Corsican, Italian (Tuscan–Central), NeapolitanSicilian, and Dalmatian.[3] A more detailed account of the languages and dialects includes:

Dalmation Romance[edit]

Central-Southern Italian[edit]

Judeo-Italian[edit]

Judeo-Italian languages are varieties of Italian used between the 10th and the 20th centuries in Italy, Corfu and Zante.

Northen Italian[edit]

The Gallo-Italic languages and the Venetian language are considered to be Northern dialects of the Italian language[4], but they are also considered to be Western Romance languages.

Italian Dialects or Languages[edit]

The Italian Dialects are the forms of Regional Italian spoken in Italy, which are thought to be similar to the Italian language. Although they are labelled by Italians as dialects of Italian (dialetti), they can also be considered as individual languages.[2]

There are two major groups of Italian dialects spoken in Italy: the Northern (Settentrionale) dialects; and the Central-Southern (Centro-Meridionale) dialects. They are divided by the La Spezia–Rimini Line, which is an isogloss, a geographical line that divides the Italian dialects in terms of linguistics. It roughly follows the divide between the Italian regions of Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna. The line can also be thought as dividing the Western Romance from the Central (Italo-Dalmation) Romance, Sardinian Romance and Eastern Romance, the main four groups of Romance languages.

Northen (Settentrionale) Italian Dialects or Languages[edit]

The Italian dialects or languages of the north are:[4]

Some other Romance languages are spoken in North Italy, but are not included in the Northern Italian dialects, being seen as too different to the Italian language.[4]

Central-Southern (Centro-Meridionale) Italian Dialects or Languages[edit]

There are four main groups of Central-Southern Italian dialects:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Italo-Dalmatian". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ a b c Hammarström, Harald & Forkel, Robert & Haspelmath, Martin & Nordhoff, Sebastian. 2014. "Italo-Dalmatian" Glottolog 2.3. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
  3. ^ David Dalby, 1999/2000, The Linguasphere register of the world’s languages and speech communities. Observatoire Linguistique, Linguasphere Press. Volume 2. Oxford.[1]
  4. ^ a b c d Carlo Tagliavini, Le origni delle lingue neolatine, Bologna, Pàtron, 19726, p. 396. «Col nome di dialetti settentrionali o alto-italiani intendiamo i dialetti gallo-italici, il Veneto e l'Istriano [lege: Istriot language].»
  5. ^ a b c Lorenzo Renzi, Nuova introduzione alla filologia romanza, Bologna, Il Mulino, 1994, p. 176 «I dialetti settentrionali formano un blocco abbastanza compatto con molti tratti comuni che li accostano, oltre che tra loro, qualche volta anche alla parlate cosiddette ladine e alle lingue galloromanze [...] Alcuni fenomeni morfologici innovativi sono pure abbastanza largamente comuni, come la doppia serie pronominale soggetto (non sempre in tutte le persone)[...] Ma più spesso il veneto si distacca dal gruppo, lasciando così da una parte tutti gli altri dialetti, detti gallo-italici.»
  6. ^ Harris, Martin; Vincent, Nigel (1997). Romance Languages. London: Routlegde. ISBN 0-415-16417-6.