Itawis language

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Itawis
Native to Philippines
Region Luzon
Native speakers
unknown (130,000 cited 1990 census)[1]
Dialects
possibly Malaweg
Language codes
ISO 639-3 itv
Glottolog itaw1240  (Itawit)[2]
mala1534  (Malaweg)[3]
{{{mapalt}}}
Itawis language map according to Ethnologue maps

Itawis (also Itawit or Tawit as the endonym) is a Northern Philippine language spoken by the Itawis people and is closely related to the Ibanag and Ilocano. Malaweg may be a dialect. Unlike the rest of Philippine languages, Itawit and its relatives use the consonants /z/, /f/, /v/, and /dʒ/ (spelled dy). For example, fefeg (fan), madyan (maid), kazzing (goat), and bavi (pig).

Background[edit]

Itawis is spoken by the Itawis people of Northern Luzon who inhabit the province of Cagayan Valley. Their range is from the lower Chico[disambiguation needed] and Matalag rivers. In many towns by these rivers, Itawis are found with Ibanags, and speak Ibanag as well as an example of linguistic adaptation. Speakers of Itawis and Ibanag can easily understand each other because of the close relationship of their languages. The Itawis are linguistically and culturally very closely related to the Ibanag.

The Itawis language is classified as a Malayo-Polynesian language, in the super family of languages called Austronesian. During the pre-Spanish period of the Philippines, words were borrowed from Spanish to stand in place for words that did not exist in the Itawis language. One such word is la mesa which means table, for Ancient Itawis didn't eat on tables which were introduced by the Spanish.

In the town of Rizal, Cagayan, a language called Malaueg is spoken by a group of people of the same name. It is not yet clear whether Malaueg is a distinct language or not because its proximity to Itawis may possibly make it a dialect of the latter.

Phonology[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Itawis Vowel Chart
Front Central Back
Close ɪ u
Mid ɛ o
Open a

Consonants[edit]

Bilabial Dental Post-
alveolar
Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop p b t d k g ʔ
Affricate
Fricative f v s z h
Approximant
(Lateral)
j w
l
Flap ɾ

Examples[edit]

English Itawis Ilokano Tagalog
How are you? Kunnasi ka? Kumusta ka?
I am fine. Napia nak. Mabuti ako.
Thank you. Mabbalat. Agyamanak. Salamat.
And you? Ey ikau? Ken sika? At ikaw?
Good morning. Napia nga mataruk. Naimbag a bigat. Magandang umaga.
Good afternoon. Napia nga giram. Naimbag a malem. Magandang tanghali.
Good evening/night. Napia nga gabi. Naimbag a rabii. Magandang gabi.
Good evening. (for sleeping) Napia nga akaturug.
Good day. Napia nga algaw Magandang araw.
Yes Oon
On
Wen Oo
No Awan
Mari
Haan
Madi
Hindi
Maybe Baka Ngata Baka
Definitely Siguru Siguro
I don't know. Marik ammu. Hindi ko alam.
I know. Ammuk. Ammok. Alam ko.
What is your name? Anna yo ngahan mu? Ano ang pangalan mo?
My name is ____. Yo ngahan ku e ____. Ang pangalan ko ay ____.
His/her name is ____. Yo ngahan na e ____. Ang pangalan niya ay ____.
Nice to meet you. Napia nga nakilala ta ka. Ikinagagalak kong makilala ka.
May I ask you a favor? Puede pe nga makifavor? Pwede ba akong humingi ng pabor?
Take care. Mag-ingat ka.
Innam mu ikau.
Mag-ingat ka.
How old are you? Pia ya dahun mun?
Anni ya dahun mun?
Pia ya dahin mu ngin?
(mun is contraction of mu ngin)
Ilang taon ka na?
I am ____ years old. Ya dahun ku e ____. Ako ay ____ taong gulang.
Where are you from? Janna yo nagafanan mu? Taga saan ka?
From what country are you from? Anni nga bansa yo nagafanan mu? Saang bansa ka galing?
Where do you live? Dyanna yo padayanan mu? Saan ka nakatira?
Where have you been? Nagafanan mu kang?
Dyanna ya nagafuanan mu?
Saan ka pumunta?
Saan ka nanggaling?
Where are you going? Dyanna ya anyanan mu?
Anyanan mu kang?
papanam? Saan ka pupunta?
Can you accompany me to ____? Puedem nga vulunan yakan kang ____? Pwede mo ba akong samahan sa ____?
Can you take me to ____? Puedem nga iyangay yakan kang ____? Pwede mo ba akong dalhin sa ____?
What is your work? Hanna yo trabahum? ana ti trabahom? Ano ang trabaho mo?
What are you doing? Hanna yo kukukuan mu? Ano ang ginagawa mo?
Where do you go to school? Hanna yo eskuelam?
Janna ya pagilamuan mu?
Saan ka nag-aaral?
Excuse me. (asking for passage) Pakidalan. Makikiraan.
I can't speak ____ well. Marik kuru maka-ergo kang ____ nga napia. Medyo hindi ako marunong magsalita ng ____.
I can't speak ____. Marik maka-ergo kang ____. Hindi ako marunong magsalita ng ____.
I only understand ____. Matindyan ku laman ____. Naiintindihan ko lang ang ____.
I don't understand. Marik nga matindyan. haan ko maawatan Hindi ko maintindihan.
I understand. Matindyan ku. maawatak Naiintindihan ko.
Help. Pakiufun.
Ufunan mu yakan.
Mauag ku ya ufun.
tulung Tulong.
Saklolo.
Tulungan mo ako.
Where's the bathroom? Dyanna ya banyu? ayan na iti banyo? Saan ang banyo?
What time is it? Hanna yo orat ngin? ana orasen? Anong oras na?
Who is he/she? Inya iggina? Sino siya?
What do you mean? Hanna yo kayat mu nga kayan? ana kayat mo saw-en? Ano ang ibig mong sabihin?
Pardon?/Please say it again. Puedem nga kayan uli?
Pakiulit mu yo kinahim.
ulitem man jay inbagam. Pakiulit yung sinabi mo.
Pakiulit nga?
Please write it down. Iturat mu. isurat mo man. Pakisulat.
Let's go. Anteran.
Umang tera ngin.
Tara.
Teran.
Tsin.
Ingkan.
Mapan.
intayun.
Tara.
Wait. So abit.
Mattaron ka.
Taronan mu yakan.
Aguray. Saglit.
Teka lang.
Can I speak to ____? Puedek kergo y ____? Pwede ko kausapin si ____?
monkey ayong bakes
sunggo
unggoy
matsing
pig bavi baboy baboy
cliff zizzig bangin
animal ayam ayup hayop
snake zariyyang uleg ahas

Comparison to Ibanag

Itawit Ibanag English
isa tadday one
dua dua two
tallu tallu three
appat appa' four
lima lima five
annam annam six
pitu pitu seven
walu walu eight
siam siam nine
mafulu mafulu ten
Yo ngahan ku e Ben. I ngagak ku ay Ben. My name is Ben.
Janna yo nagafuanam mu? Sitau y naggafuanam mu? Where did you come from?
Hanna yo kinnam mu? Anni y kinnam mu? What did you eat?
Hanna yo kanakanam mu? Anni y kanakanam mu? What are you eating?
Nakakan kami zinan nu nallabbet iggina. Nakakak kami nacuan nu limibbe yayya. We would have eaten, had they arrived.
Hanna yo kanam mu sangaw? Anni y kanam mu sangaw? What are you going to eat?
Maddagun kami mangan kustu nallabbet iggina. Maddaguk kami kuman kustu nallabbe yayya. We were eating while he/she arrived home.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Itawis at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Itawit". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Malaweg". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

External links[edit]