Tompkins County, New York

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Not to be confused with Tompkins, New York.
Tompkins County, New York
Seal of Tompkins County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Tompkins County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded 1817
Named for Daniel D. Tompkins
Seat Ithaca
Largest city Ithaca
Area
 • Total 476 sq mi (1,233 km2)
 • Land 460 sq mi (1,191 km2)
 • Water 16 sq mi (41 km2), 3.17%
Population
 • (2010) 101,564
 • Density 221/sq mi (85.2/km²)
Congressional district 23rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.tompkins-co.org

Tompkins County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 101,564.[1] The county seat is Ithaca.[2] The name is in honor of Daniel D. Tompkins, who served as Governor of New York and Vice President of the United States of America.

Tompkins County comprises the Ithaca Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is home to Cornell University, Ithaca College and Tompkins Cortland Community College.

History[edit]

When counties were established in the British Province of New York in 1683, the present Tompkins County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne counties.

Herkimer County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery County (the others being Otsego and Tioga counties) in 1791.

Onondaga County was formed in 1794 by the splitting of Herkimer County.

Cayuga County was formed in 1799 by the splitting of Onondaga County. This county was, however, much larger than the present Cayuga County. It then included the present Seneca and Tompkins counties.

In 1804, Seneca County was formed by the splitting of Cayuga County.

On April 7, 1817, Tompkins County was created by combining portions of Seneca and the remainder of Cayuga County. The county was named after then Vice-President (to President James Monroe) and former New York Governor Daniel Tompkins. Tompkins almost certainly never visited the county named for him.

In 1854, the county lost the town of Hector and the west line of lots in Newfield to the newly formed Schuyler County, New York.

Government and politics[edit]

Tompkins County used to be a reliable Republican county. From 1916 to 1984 the only Democrat to carry it in a presidential election was President Johnson in 1964. However, the Democrats have carried it in the last eight presidential elections. In February 2008, Tompkins County was the only county in New York State in which Senator Barack Obama beat Senator Hillary Clinton in the Democratic primary.[3] In the 2008 U.S. Presidential election, Obama carried the county by a huge 41% margin over John McCain, with Obama winning by 25.5% statewide. It was his highest percentage by county in Upstate New York.[4] It is governed by a 15 member legislature. Members are elected from single member districts.

Geography[edit]

Robert H. Treman State Park in Tompkins County
McGraw Tower, Cornell University on East Hill above downtown Ithaca

Tompkins County is in the west central part of New York State, south of Syracuse and northwest of Binghamton. It is usually geographically grouped with the Finger Lakes region, but some locals consider themselves to be part of Central New York or the Southern Tier.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 492 square miles (1,270 km2), of which 476 square miles (1,230 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (3.17%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 20,681
1830 36,545 76.7%
1840 37,948 3.8%
1850 38,746 2.1%
1860 31,409 −18.9%
1870 33,178 5.6%
1880 34,445 3.8%
1890 32,923 −4.4%
1900 33,830 2.8%
1910 33,647 −0.5%
1920 35,285 4.9%
1930 41,490 17.6%
1940 42,340 2.0%
1950 59,122 39.6%
1960 66,164 11.9%
1970 77,064 16.5%
1980 87,085 13.0%
1990 94,097 8.1%
2000 96,501 2.6%
2010 101,564 5.2%
Est. 2013 103,617 2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2013 Estimate[1]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 96,501 people, 36,420 households, and 19,120 families residing in the county. The population density was 203 people per square mile (78/km²). There were 38,625 housing units at an average density of 81 per square mile (31/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.50% White, 3.64% African American, 0.28% Native American, 7.19% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.09% from other races, and 2.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.08% of the population. 12.4% were of German, 11.7% English, 11.1% Irish, 9.2% Italian and 6.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000.[8] 2.85% of the population reported speaking Spanish at home, while 1.86% speak Chinese, 1.07% Korean, and 1.00% French.[9]

There were 36,420 households out of which 25.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.20% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.50% were non-families. 32.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 19.00% under the age of 18, 26.00% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 19.30% from 45 to 64, and 9.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,272, and the median income for a family was $53,041. Males had a median income of $35,420 versus $27,686 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,659. About 6.80% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.00% of those under age 18 and 5.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Towns, cities, villages, and census divisions of Tompkins County

Colleges and universities[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Obama, McCain win in Tompkins County Ithaca Journal February 6, 2008
  4. ^ U.S. Election Atlas
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ [2]
  • Jane M. Dieckmann, A Short History of Tompkins County (Ithaca, 1986)
  • W. Glenn Norris, The Origin of Place Names in Tompkins County (Ithaca, 1951)
  • The Towns of Tompkins County, Jane M. Dieckmann ed., (Ithaca, 1998)


Coordinates: 42°27′N 76°28′W / 42.45°N 76.47°W / 42.45; -76.47