Iván Skerlecz

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Iván Skerlecz
Ivan Skerlecz.jpg
Iván Skerlecz inspecting the
25th Croatian Home Guard Regiment
Ban of Croatia-Slavonia
In office
21 July 1913 – 29 June 1917
Monarch Franz Joseph I of Austria (until 1916)
Charles I of Austria
Preceded by Slavko Cuvaj
Succeeded by Antun Mihalović
Personal details
Born (1873-07-20)20 July 1873
Oroszló, Austria-Hungary
Died 20 January 1951(1951-01-20) (aged 77)
Budapest, Hungary
Occupation Politician

Iván Skerlecz de Lomnicza (often rendered Ivan Škrlec Lomnički in Croatian) (July 20, 1873 - January 12, 1951) was the last Hungarian to be ban (viceroy) of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.

Skerlecz was born in Oroszló, Baranya County, Hungary in 1873. After Hungarian dictatorship during 1912 under the titular ban Slavko Cuvaj, the Hungarian prime minister István Tisza appointed Skerlecz head of the Austro-Hungarian crown land in 1913. During this period, Austria-Hungary was at war as part of World War I.

While Croatia-Slavonia was not the site of any battles, Croatian troops, fighting under the Croatian Home Guard took part in the fighting, much of it in neighbouring Serbia. Skerlecz managed to reconvene the Croatian Sabor (parliament) in Zagreb by 1915. The Croats made further demands for local authority, as well as unification of Croatia-Slavonia with Dalmatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Stefan Sarkotić, Austria-Hungary's commander in Bosnia and Herzegovina also sought unification of their provinces. However, Austria-Hungary's outdated political system made any shifts between areas under Hungarian or Austrian spheres of influence difficult. Skerlecz could only support the Croatians in acting autonomously. As the war progressed more Croats found the formation of a South Slav state a potentially beneficial possibility.

He resigned from his post on June 29, 1917 after Tisza was ousted from power, leaving the country in no better state than when he had arrived. The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was formed the following year. Skerlecz returned to Hungary where he died in Budapest in 1951.