Ivan Šubašić

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ivan Šubašić
Ivan Subasic.jpg
22nd Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
In office
8 July 1944 – 2 November 1944
Monarch Peter II
Preceded by Božidar Purić
Succeeded by Josip Broz Tito
Ban of Croatia
In office
24 August 1939 – 13 June 1943
Deputy Ivo Krbek
Preceded by post established
Succeeded by Vladimir Nazor
(as Chairman of the ZAVNOH)
Personal details
Born (1892-05-07)7 May 1892
Vukova Gorica, Austro-Hungarian Empire
Died 22 March 1955(1955-03-22) (aged 62)
Zagreb, FPR Yugoslavia
Nationality Croat
Political party Croatian Peasant Party (HSS)
Religion Roman Catholic

Ivan Šubašić (7 May 1892 – 22 March 1955) was a Croatian and Yugoslav politician, best known as the last Ban of Croatia.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

He was born in Vukova Gorica, then in Austria-Hungary. He finished grammar and high school in Zagreb, and enrolled onto the Faculty of Theology at the University of Zagreb. During the First World War, he was drafted into Austro-Hungarian Army where he took part in the fighting against Serbian forces on River Drina. Later he was sent to the Eastern Front where he used the opportunity to defect to Russians. From there he joined the Yugoslav volunteers fighting within the Serbian army on the Salonica Front.

After the war, Šubašić gained his law degree at Zagreb University, and after that, he opened a law office in Vrbovsko. There he met Vladko Maček and joined the Croatian Peasant Party. In 1938, he was elected to the Yugoslav National Assembly.

Political career[edit]

With King Peter II in Italy after meeting Tito.

In August 1939, Maček and Yugoslav Prime Minister Dragiša Cvetković reached the deal about the constitutional reconstruction of Yugoslavia and restoration of Croatian statehood in the form of Banovina of Croatia—an autonomous entity which, together with Croatia proper, included large sections of today's Bosnia-Herzegovina and some sections of today's Vojvodina, which contained a Croatian majority. Šubašić was appointed as the first ban, or titular head of this entity, in charge of its government.

The Banovina came to an end together with Kingdom of Yugoslavia, following the invasion of Axis powers in April 1941. Šubašić joined Dušan Simović and his Yugoslav government-in-exile but, before leaving, he refused to authorise the release of a large number of Croatian Communists and leftists, arrested and kept in prisons under his supervisions. Those prisons were soon taken over by the newly formed Independent State of Croatia and its prisoners were later executed by Ustaše[citation needed].

In emigration, Šubašić first represented the Yugoslav royal government in the United States. Gradually, the widening gap between the royalist government and Yugoslav major resistance movement embodied in Tito and his Communist-dominated Partisans forced Winston Churchill to mediate. Šubašić, a non-Communist Croat, was appointed as the new prime minister[3] in order to reach a compromise between Tito—whose forces represented the de facto government on liberated territories—and the monarchy, which preferred Draža Mihailović and his Serb-dominated Chetniks.

After publicly rejecting Mihailović, Šubašić met with Tito on the island of Vis and signed the Tito–Šubašić agreement, which recognised the Partisans as the legitimate armed forces of Yugoslavia in exchange for Partisans formally recognising and taking part in the new government. Šubašić kept his post until 7 March 1945, when Tito formally became the prime minister of Yugoslavia. Šubašić was foreign minister in his cabinet until October, when he resigned, disagreeing with Communist policies of new government.

Later life and death[edit]

Šubašić spent the remainder of his life away from the spotlight, dying 1955 in Zagreb. About 10,000 people attended his funeral.[4] He is buried in Mirogoj Cemetery.[5]

Trivia[edit]

Co-incidentally, Šubašić shared the same date of birth as Josip Tito (May 7, 1892). Tito served as the President of Yugoslavia from 1953 until his death in 1980 aged 87.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Journal of Croatian Studies, XXVIII-XXIX, 1987-88 - Annual Review of the Croatian Academy of America, Inc. New York, N.Y., Electronic edition by Studia Croatica. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
  2. ^ Short biography on the website of the Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
  3. ^ Journal of Croatian Studies, XXIV, 1983 – Annual Review of the Croatian Academy of America, Inc. New York, N.Y., Electronic edition by Studia Croatica. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
  4. ^ Radelić, Zdenko, Ivan Šubašić i Juraj Šutej pod paskom Ozne.
  5. ^ Ivan Šubašić at Gradska groblja
Political offices
New title Ban of Croatia
1939-1943
Succeeded by
Vladimir Nazor
as Chairman of the ZAVNOH
Preceded by
Božidar Purić
Yugoslavian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1944-1945
Succeeded by
Josip Broz Tito
Preceded by
Božidar Purić
Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
1944-1945
Succeeded by
Josip Broz Tito