Ivan Khrutsky

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Khrutsky-self.JPG
Ivan Khrutsky, self-portrait, 1883
Born (1810-02-08)8 February 1810
Ulla, Vitebsk Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 26 January 1885(1885-01-26) (aged 74)
Zacharnicze, Russia
Nationality Belarus
Known for Painter
Movement Realism

Ivan Fomich Khrutsky (Polish: Jan Chrucki; Russian: Иван Фомич Хруцкий; Belarusian: Іван Хруцкі; 1810-1885) was a Belarus-Russian painter known by his still lifes and portraits.

He was born into a Polish family descended from szlachta of Leliwa coat of arms in the village of Ulla, Vitebsk Governorate, in the former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 1827 Chrucki came to St. Petersburg and in 1830 entered the Imperial Academy of Arts.

His first known works are dated 1832. The paintings gradually gathered public and critical acclaim. Chrucki also worked as an interior designer, and became a popular amongst the wealthy home owners. In 1836 he was awarded the Major Silver medal of the Academy for his still-lifes. Chrucki also executed nice genre pictures and portraits. Old Woman Knitting a Sock, brought him the Minor Gold medal of the Academy. In 1839 he was awarded the title of the Academician.

After his father’s death in 1840 Chrucki left St. Petersburg forever and settled in the family estate Zacharnicze (Zakharenichi, Zacharniczy), Polotsk region. This period was one of commissioned religious art, mostly from Lithuania. Besides religious paintings he also worked on portraits, such as I.I. Glazunov's, Joseph Semashko's, Mikolaj Malinowski's and others. He died in his estate in Zacharnicze in 1885.

Literature[edit]

  • Kuznecow S. Malarz Jan Chrucki. Portret XIX-wiecznego 'artysty srednego'// Biuletyn historii sztuki. R. LX: 1998. nr.1-2. S.49-67.

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