Ivan Mauger

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Ivan Mauger
Ivan Mauger.JPG
Personal information
Nationality  New Zealand
Date of birth (1939-10-04) 4 October 1939 (age 75)
Place of birth    Christchurch, New Zealand
Nickname Sprouts, Galloping Mauger
Current club information
Career status Retired (1985)
Career history
Wimbledon Dons
Rye House Rockets
Eastbourne Eagles
Newcastle Diamonds
Belle Vue Aces
Exeter Falcons
Hull Vikings
1957-1958, 1963
1957
1958
1963-1968
1969-1972
1973-1977, 1984
1978-1981
Individual honours
World Champion

Long Track World Champion
British Champion
British League Riders Champion
Provincial League Riders' Champion
Northern Riders' Champion

New Zealand Champion
New Zealand Long track Champion
Australasian Grand Prix winner
Australasian Champion
Victorian State Champion (Aust)
Qld State Champion (Aust)
WA State Champion (Aust)
European Champion
Intercontinental Champion
Scottish Open Champion
Australian Long Track Champion
1968, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977,
1979
1971, 1972, 1976
1968, 1970, 1971, 1972
1971, 1973
1963, 1964
1964, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1972,
1980
1974, 1981
1983, 1984, 1985, 1986
1970, 1971, 1972
1977, 1981
1962, 1963
1962
1973
1966, 1970, 1971, 1975
1975
1970, 1971, 1972, 1973
1962
Team honours
World Pairs Champion
World Team Cup winner
British League Champion
Provincial League Champion
1969, 1970
1968, 1971, 1972, 1979
1970, 1971, 1972, 1974
1964

Ivan Gerald Mauger, OBE, (born 4 October 1939 in Christchurch, New Zealand) is a retired motorcycle speedway rider. He won a record six World Championships (Finals), a feat equalled only with the inclusion of the Speedway GP Championships by Tony Rickardsson of Sweden who won one World Final and five GP Championships. Mauger rode for several British teams – Wimbledon Dons, Newcastle Diamonds, Belle Vue Aces, Exeter Falcons, and the Hull Vikings.

Ivan Mauger currently lives with Raye, his wife of over 50 years, on Australia's Gold Coast. He is an active supporter of speedway, attending many meetings throughout the Australian season, as well as the Speedway Grand Prix of New Zealand, held at the Western Springs Stadium in Auckland, though in recent times he has made fewer public appearances. As a proud Kiwi, Mauger is also an avid supporter of New Zealand's rugby union team, the legendary All Blacks, and proudly flies their flag at his home whenever they play an international match.

Career[edit]

Wimbledon[edit]

Not all went as to expectation in the early parts of his career, initial success with the Wimbledon Dons did not come. Mauger returned to his homeland in 1958, and following extreme hardship and dedication he began to receive the due recognition of his abilities as a rider competing in his home country and Australia. He attracted the attention of famed Australian Speedway Promoter Kym Bonython who ran the successful Rowley Park Speedway in Adelaide. Bonython signed the young Mauger to race at Rowley Park for the 1960/61 season, even finding him a job as a truck driver to supplement his speedway winnings.

Mauger first arrived in England as a fresh-faced 17-year old aboard the SS Rangitoto, which docked at Tilbury in 1957, with his teenage bride Raye, renting a one-bedroom flat in Wimbledon around the corner from Plough Lane where Moore and Briggs reigned as the twin 'kings of the cinders'.

"Without Ronnie, there would have been no Briggo and no Ivan Mauger; whenever he came home to New Zealand it was like the arrival of Elvis. He was our Pelé, if you like."

Inspired by the deeds of Moore, from the age of 12, Mauger dedicated himself to becoming speedway's champion of the world, working as a delivery boy for a local chemist in Christchurch after school and in the holidays to save money for his first racing machine.

"Everyone thought I had wealthy parents because I could afford to buy a bike before I was 16 but for three years I never bought an ice-cream, a Coca-Cola or anything like that. After I left school I had two jobs - as did Raye - and that's how we saved enough money to come to England when we were little more than children."

Mauger's great adventure began at Plough Lane where he rode in the second-half 'faces of the future' races and assisted Mac the groundsman.

"I never, ever felt I was going to work for the simple reason that I just loved the atmosphere of being in Wimbledon Stadium. I cleaned the dressing rooms, the toilets, the pits and the workshop. I helped Mac work on the track, I weeded the tulip beds and on Monday afternoons I had to cut the grass out in the centre before the speedway meeting. And not just any old cut would do for Ronnie. It had to be mowed in one direction then the other, just like Wembley Stadium.

Newcastle[edit]

A major breakthrough in his career occurred in 1963 when he returned to England with Raye and his young family to join Mike Parker's Provincial league team Newcastle Diamonds, though he did ride in a few meetings for the Wimbledon Dons in the National League during this season. In 1966 he qualified for his first World Final where he finished fourth, and won the first of his six record breaking World Championships in 1968. After a public falling out with Parker, Mauger put in a transfer request in December 1968, stating that the mental strain of riding with Newcastle was endangering his health.[1]

Belle Vue[edit]

Mauger joined the Belle Vue Aces in 1969, where he enjoyed his greatest league team achievements. As a Belle Vue Ace he won the title in 1970, 1971 and 1972, thereby becoming the only rider to complete the 'Triple Crown'. In 1969 Mauger finished with a British League record average of 11.67. He dropped only 13 points from his 37 completed League & Speedway Star KO Cup matches. During these matches he recorded 22 full maximums, and 3 paid maximums.

Exeter[edit]

Mauger joined the Exeter Falcons in 1973. In 1977 wearing the Exeter colours he equalled Ove Fundin's then-record of five World Championship wins.

Hull[edit]

In 1978 he joined the Hull Vikings, winning his last and record sixth world title in 1979. He left Hull in 1981, but returned in 1984 at the age of 44 for Exeter where he competed in home meetings.

Australasia[edit]

In his home country of New Zealand, Ivan Mauger is considered a national sporting hero. He has won the New Zealand Championship on two occasions (1974 and 1981), and scored his first podium in the championship with second in 1959 behind then dual World Champion Barry Briggs. Surprisingly considering his successful career, Mauger didn't place (or ride) in the NZ Championship again until his 1974 championship. His only other podium in the championship was in 1979 when he placed third behind Larry Ross and Mitch Shirra.

Adelaide based Speedway promoter Kym Bonython signed Mauger to ride the 1960/61 Australian season based at the Rowley Park Speedway. Mauger had considerable success riding in Australia throughout his career. In 1962 he was the Australian Long Track Champion, as well as the Victorian and Queensland State Champion. He also finished runner up in the 1962 Australian Solo Championship in Rockhampton (Qld) behind star New South Wales based rider "Cowboy" Bob Sharp. He would repeat his Victorian Championship win in 1963, and would finish third in the Australian Championship in the same year. Ten years later in 1973, Mauger would win the Western Australian State Championship, held at the 520 metres (570 yd) Claremont Speedway in Perth.

Other than Bonython, whom Mauger rates as his favourite Australian promoter, he also had a great relationship with Claremont Speedway promoter Con Migro and appeared at Claremont for two meetings in January for 13 straight years. It was during this time that Mauger won the "Sunday Times King of Claremont" meeting in 1973, 1980, 1981 and 1983.

After losing the 1960 Australian Long track championship in Port Pirie in South Australia when his bike seized after leading for 5½ of 6 laps, Mauger also credits advice he received from Australia's 1951 and 1952 World Champion Jack Young (whose home track was Rowley Park when Mauger was based for the season) for steering him on the path to becoming a World Champion himself. Young told Mauger that it isn't the fastest rider who wins the World Championship, its the rider who at the end of the meeting had scored the most points and that to get there he had to conserve his bike to made sure he finished. Being the fastest rider didn't mean much if he led a race until half a lap from home but had pushed the bike beyond its limits and didn't finish. Ironically the same fate awaited Mauger in the 1961 Australian Long track Championship when his clutch gave out after leading 4½ laps, but he would make amends and win the title in 1962 at Port Pirie.

Ivan Mauger was the Australasian Grand Prix winner in 1971, 1972 and 1973 at the Liverpool Speedway in Sydney (on the original 440 metres (480 yd) track). He later would win the Australasian Championship in 1977 at the Sydney Showground Speedway, and in 1981 again at Liverpool, this time on the 300 metres (330 yd) track built onto the infield in 1974 when the main track became a paved oval.

Maguer rode his last meeting in Australia back where he first rode in the country in Adelaide. Mauger rode in the South Australia 150 Jubilee at the Wayville Showground in 1986. There he was presented with the winners trophy by his idol Jack Young.

International[edit]

Ivan Mauger is considered to be the best speedway rider ever and was voted as the "Greatest Rider of the 20th Century". He jointly holds the record for most Speedway World Championship wins with Sweden's Tony Rickardsson with six wins each, one in front of Swedish legend Ove Fundin.

Mauger won the Individual Speedway World Championship in 1968, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977 and 1979. He was runner up in 1971, 1973 and 1974, and third in 1967. Mauger's second place in 1971 at the Ullevi Stadium in Sweden was to the man whom he not only taught to ride a speedway bike but would become his great friend and rival throughout the 1970s, Denmark's Ole Olsen

Representing New Zealand, Mauger was the Speedway World Pairs Champion in 1969 with Bob Andrews (1969 was the unofficial World Championship), and 1970 with Ronnie Moore. The 1970 Pairs Championship held at the Malmö Stadion in Malmö, Sweden, was the first official FIM World Championship held for Pairs. He would finish runner up in the championship in 1971, 1972, 1978 and 1981, before one last podium in 1984 when he finished third with Mitch Shirra.

Mauger was also the Speedway World Team Cup Champion in 1968, 1969 and 1971 while riding for Great Britain (the British team regularly consisted of riders from the Commonwealth nations). He would win the title again in 1979 as captain of New Zealand.

During his career, Ivan Mauger also raced in the World Long Track Championship, winning the title in 1971, 1972 and 1976, bringing his total of World Championships in speedway racing to 15. Mauger was also runner up at the Longtrack Championship in 1974 and 1975, beaten both times by West Germany's Egon Müller, who himself would go on to win the Speedway World Championship in 1983.

After retirement[edit]

Awards[edit]

Mauger was awarded the MBE in 1976, the OBE in 1989, and was voted the prestigious Millennium Man of Speedway by the readers of Speedway Star and Vintage Speedway Magazine in December 1999. He was inducted into the New Zealand Sports Hall of Fame in 1990. To complete these illustrious awards Mauger was selected by the Olympic Committee to carry the Olympic Torch at the Sydney Games, an honour which he performed on 12 June 2000.

World Speedway Riders' Association[edit]

Mauger was President of World Speedway Riders' Association 2007–2008.

Gold plated speedway bike[edit]

In 1970, two men in the USA named George Wenn and Ray Bokelman said that if Ivan Mauger won his third World Final in a row at Wrocław (Poland), they would have the winning bike gold plated. Mauger duly won the World Final that year, and true to their promise, the bike was taken to America and Gold plated, and so was born the "Triple Crown Special".

The machine currently resides at Canterbury Museum in Christchurch, New Zealand.

Honours[edit]

Titles[edit]

  • World Champion: 1968, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1979 - R/Up 1971, 1973, 1974[2]
  • New Zealand Sportsperson of the Year (Halberg Award) 1977 and 1979.
  • Long Track World Champion 1971, 1972, 1976 R/Up 1974, 1975
  • World Pairs Champion 1969, 1970 R/Up 1971, 1972, 1978, 1981
  • Speedway World Team Cup Champion 1968, 1971, 1972, 1979
  • European Champion 1966, 1970, 1971, 1975
  • British Champion 1968, 1970, 1971, 1972
  • Intercontinental Champion 1975
  • New Zealand Champion 1974, 1981
  • New Zealand Long Track Champion 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986
  • New Zealand South Island Champion 1977, 1981, 1983
  • Australasian Champion 1977, 1981
  • Australasian Grand Prix winner 1970, 1971, 1972
  • Sunday Times King of Claremont winner 1973, 1980, 1981, 1983
  • British-Nordic Champion 1968, 1971
  • British League Riders Champion 1971, 1973
  • Embassy Internationale Winner 1970, 1971, 1972
  • Northern Riders Champion 1964, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1972, 1980
  • Provincial League Riders Champion 1963, 1964
  • Lubos Tomicek Memorial Trophy Winner 1971, 1972, 1973, 1979
  • Silver Sash Match Race Champion 1968, 1969
  • Golden Helmet Match Race Champion 1970
  • Scottish Open Champion 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973
  • Scotianapolis Winner 1969, 1970
  • Welsh Open Champion 1964, 1973
  • Westernapolis Winner 1968, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975
  • Leningrad Cup (USSR) Winner 1969
  • Lokeren Memorial Trophy Winner 1970
  • Golden Key of Bremen 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975
  • Australian Long Track Champion 1962
  • Victorian State Champion (Australia) 1962, 1963
  • Queensland State Champion (Australia) 1962
  • Western Australian State Champion 1973
  • Yorkshire Television Trophy 1975, 1978, 1979, 1980
  • Lada Indoor International 1979
  • British Long Track Champion 1980
  • World Champion of Champions Match Race Series 1989
  • South Australian 150 Jubilee Trophy 1986

World Final appearances[edit]

Individual World Championship[edit]

World Pairs Championship[edit]

World Team Cup[edit]

* 1967-1972 as a member of Great Britain. 1979 with New Zealand

Guinness Book of Records[edit]

  • Most Individual Championship wins - 9 (6 Speedway / 3 Long track),
  • First person to win World Speedway and Long track Championships in the same year - 1972,
  • Only person to win 3 Individual World Championships in succession - 1968, 1969 and 1970,
  • Most individual World Speedway wins - 6 (joint with Tony Rickardsson)
  • Most World Championship Finals appearances with 52,
  • First person to win World Speedway, World Long track, World Pairs, and World Team Cup Championships (achieved in 1971 with World Long track win)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mauger Makes Official Request", Speedway Star, 13 December 1968, p. 9
  2. ^ Bamford, R. & Shailes, G. (2002). A History of the World Speedway Championship. Stroud: Tempus Publishing. ISBN 0-7524-2402-5

External links[edit]

Media related to Ivan Mauger at Wikimedia Commons