Ivan Durnovo

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Ivan Nikolayevich Durnovo

Ivan Nikolayevich Durnovo (Russian: Иван Николаевич Дурново; the patronimic is also transcribed as Nikolaevich) (1834 – 1903) was a Russian political figure. He served as Chairman of the Committee of Ministers between 1895 and 1903, the precursor to the post of prime minister.

Biography[edit]

Ivan Nikolaevich Durnovo was born on March 1 (13), 1834 in Chernigov Governorate (which was located mostly within northeastern Ukraine and Russia's Bryansk Oblast). He attended Prince Michael Artillery Academy (Russian: Михайловская артиллерийская академия) in Saint Petersburg.

After a brief time in the military, he returned to civilian life and was elected by the nobility of his uyezd (district) to the position of the Marshal of Nobility. Later he occupied a similar position for the entire Chernigov Governorate. He served as the Governor of Chernigov Governorate (1863–1870) and Yekaterinoslav Governorate (1870–1882). From 1882 he was in Saint Petersburg, starting as a Deputy Minister of Interior (1882–1886).

Although not a capable statesman, he was a good communicator, capable to earn trust of his superiors. Count Sergei Witte described him as "a pleasant Marshal of Nobility, a pleasant governor, a pleasant Deputy Minister of the Interior. But he was not a cultured or intelligent person; rather, one rather limited in his abilities. A hospitable, polite, and very cunning man."

On the Empress's recommendation, in 1886 Durnovo was appointed the chair of the Fourth Section of His Imperial Majesty's Own Chancellery, the office responsible for charitable institution and health care. In 1889, after the death of the Minister of Interior Dmitry Tolstoy, Durnovo was appointed to replace him. He was not known for his innovations, but rather for following his predecessor's policies. He was blamed by later researchers for failing to take decisive actions to handle the famine of 1891-92.[1]

In 1895, the next emperor, Nicholas II promoted Durnovo to the job of the Chairman of the Committee of Ministers. At the time, this was the top of the Russian bureaucratic ladder, as the separate position of the Prime Minister of Russia was not introduced until 1905. Durnovo was not to see that reform, though: he died on the job, on May 29 (June 11, in Gregorian Calendar), 1903, near Berlin. His leadership qualities, not entirely admired by his colleagues, earned him the nickname of "Телячья голова" (Head of Veal).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adele Lindenmeyr, "Poverty Is Not a Vice: Charity, Society, and the State in Imperial Russia". On Google Books ISBN 0-691-04489-9
Political offices
Preceded by
Dmitry Tolstoy
Minister of Interior
1889–1895
Succeeded by
Ivan Goremykin
Preceded by
Nikolai Khristianovich Bunge
Chairman of the Committee of Ministers
1895–1903
Succeeded by
Sergei Witte