Ivan Petrovich Liprandi
Ivan Petrovich Liprandi (17 (28) July 1790 – 9 (21) May 1880) was a Russian major general, historian and chief of the secret police.
His father headed Russia's arms factories and organised those of Tsar Alexander, before moving from Russia to the Piedmont. Ivan fought in the Napoleonic Wars and then in Odessa under Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov. A close friend of Pushkin, he recorded several anecdotes relating to the author. After leaving military service, he was an 'official for special assignments', first for the Minister of Internal Affairs (from 1840), and then at the Government Office (from 1856 PM).
Liprandi played a prominent role in the so-called Petrashevsky Circle. On behalf of Minister of Interior L.A. Perovskii, he observed the circle for a year and on 20 April 1849 gave the names of four people more or less involved in it, all of whom were arrested. The Commission of Inquiry invited Liprandi to express his opinion about the case, provided they noted that (napech. in Russian Antiquity 1872), in his own words, he had contributed to the guilt verdict against the four.
Main works 
- "Brief Review of the Patriotic War of August 17 until September 2" (St. Petersburg, 1858);
- "The Battle of Borodino" (1861);
- "The Eastern Question and Bulgaria" (Wiley, 1868);
- "Bulgaria" (1877);
- "Looking at the theatre of war on the Danube, etc." (1878).
- Numerous articles (on topics including the Old Believers) published in Russian Antiquity, "Russian Archives", "Thurs MO I. Dr." etc.
- (Russian) Article on Liprandi
- Rogachev AB Liprandi Ivan Petrovich / / Russian writers, 1800–1917: Biographical Dictionary. М., 1994. M., 1994. Т. 3. T. 3. С. 362—364. S. 362–364.
This article incorporates text from the Eleventh Encyclopædia Britannica (1890–1907).