Ivan Rutkovych

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Gabriel the Archangel, 1697-99, Lviv National Museum

Ivan Rutkovych (Ukrainian: Іван Руткович), born about 1650`s. in Bilyi Kamin, near Zolochiv, Ukraine, died after 1708, was a Ukrainian icon painter who worked mostly in Zhovkva and Univ. He is considered a founder of Zhovkva Iconographic School of painting and wood carving.

Some of Rutkovych's work was lost, but there is still a significant amount of well preserved icons, as well as iconostases, made by Rutkovych together with other masters. There are iconostases of the wooden churches in Volytsia Derevlianska (1680–82), Volia Vysotska (1688–89); the large (10,85 х 11,87 m) iconostasis of the Church of Christ`s Nativity in Zhovkva (also known as iconostasis from Nova Skvariava) (1697–99), now in Lviv National Museum. The last is considered as a masterpiece among Ukrainian iconostases of that time. It consists from 7 rows of icons. It was restored and exhibited to the public in 2009. Also in Lviv National Museum are preserved separate icons, among them Supplication (1683) from Potelych village, Lviv region.

The artistic style of Ivan Rutkovych combines Ukrainian-Byzantine tradition of expressing religious subjects with modern European influences, more secular and realistic.[1]

Rutkovych is a most prominent representative of Zhovkva Iconographic School of painting and wood carving. According to art historians,[2] in that time new iconographical cannons were established, giving free rein to the artist to reveal his individual style with maximum care for detail. A score of local schools sprang up in Sudova Vyshnia, Zhovkva, Robotychi, Volyn region and other.

The iconostasis of The Holy Trinity Church in Zhovkva shows contribution of different masters, among them Vasyl Petranovych (icon of Savoir, icon of Our Lady), Hnat Stobensky (carving of the Holy Door) and Ivan Rutkovych himself (Annunciation, Christmas, Archangel Michael). The Church is placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2013.

In Lviv, there is the street named after Ivan Rutkovych.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Vol. IV Ph-Sr. Ed. Danylo Husar Struk. Toronto University Press, 1984, p. 480
  2. ^ The World Through the Eyes of Folk Artists. Ukrainian Folk Painting of the 13th–19th Centuries. Ed. V.Sventsitska, V.Otkovych. Kyiv: Mystetstvo, 1991, p. 31.

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