He was a son of Prince Jurij or Yuriy Petrovich Troubetzkoy, who died on 12 July 1679, and wife, whom he married in 1657, Princess Irina Wassilievna Galitzina and brother of Jurij or Yuri Yuriyevich Troubetzkoy (20 April 1668 – 8 September 1739), stolnik, governor, general-poruchik and senator.
He was a member of the inner circle of Tsar Peter I of Russia. Made a boyar in 1692, Trubetskoy commanded part of the Russian fleet during the Azov campaigns in 1696. In 1699, he was named governor of Novgorod. Trubetskoy ordered surrender during the Battle of Narva in 1700. He was captured and held prisoner in Sweden until exchanged in 1718. He was promoted to Russian Field Marshal in 1728.
Marriages and issue
He married firstly Princess Anastasia Stepanovna Tatjeva, who died in 1690, and had one daughter:
- Princess Raissa Ivanovna Troubetzkaya, married Anton ...vich Dunin-Skrzinski
He married secondly in 1691 Irina Grigorievna Naryshkina, who died on 24 June 1749), and had one daughter:
- Princess Anastasia Ivanovna Trubetzkaya (4 October 1700 - Saint Petersburg, 27 November 1755), married firstly on 14 October 1717 Prince Demetrios Kantemir (? - 30 August 1723) and married secondly in Saint Petersburg in 1738 Landgrave Ludwig Johann Wilhelm of Hesse-Homburg (? - Berlin, 23 October 1745)
He had an illegitimate son:
- Ivan Ivanovich Betskoy (Stockholm, 3 February 1704 - Saint Petersburg, 31 August 1795), unmarried and without issue
- Hughes, Lindsey (2004). Peter the Great: A Biography. Yale University Press. pp. 146, 176. ISBN 0-300-10300-X.
- Bushkovitch, Paul (2001). Peter the Great: The Struggle for Power, 1671–1725. Cambridge University Press. p. 225. ISBN 0-521-80585-6.
- Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, David; Bruce Menning (2004). Reforming the Tsar's Army: Military Innovation in Imperial Russia from Peter the Great to the Revolution. Cambridge University Press. p. 263. ISBN 0-521-81988-1.
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