Ivanjica

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For the racehorse, see Ivanjica (horse).
Ivanjica
Ивањица
Municipality and Town
Town center
Town center
Official seal of Ivanjica
Seal
Location of the municipality of Ivanjica within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Ivanjica within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°34′52″N 20°13′47″E / 43.58111°N 20.22972°E / 43.58111; 20.22972Coordinates: 43°34′52″N 20°13′47″E / 43.58111°N 20.22972°E / 43.58111; 20.22972
Country Serbia
District Moravica District
Settlements 49
Government
 • Mayor Milomir Zorić
Area
 • Municipality and Town 1,090 km2 (420 sq mi)
Elevation 468 m (1,535 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Municipality and Town 31,963
 • Density 29/km2 (76/sq mi)
 • Urban 11,715
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 32250
Area code(s) 032
Vehicle registration IC
Website ivanjica.rs

Ivanjica (Serbian Cyrillic: Ивањица, pronounced [ǐʋaɲitsa]) is a town and municipality located in central Serbia. The population of the town is 11,715, while the population of the municipality is 31,963.

The town is famous for having large potato and raspberry plantations in which many locals are employed. It is also known for the cultural event Nušićijada and as being the birthplace of World War II Chetnik leader, Draža Mihailović.

Geography[edit]

Ivanjica lies in the southwest of Serbia. It lies at the bank of the Moravica River. It is surrounded by the mountain ranges of Golija, Javor, Mučanj, Čemerno and Radočelo and it is placed in a picturesque valley.

The municipality to the Moravica District together with the municipalities of Lučani, Čačak and Gornji Milanovac. With an area of 1090 km², it is the sixth largest municipality in Serbia. Ivanjica got the status of a town in 1866 through the Prince Mihailo Obrenović’s decree, thus becoming one of the first towns in the region.

Mountains are the dominant form of relief in this area and they belong to the Dinaric range. They are rich in forests, clearings, pastures, cold springs, clear rivers and clear air, wild fruit, medicinal herbs and various game.

The river system of the municipality and its neighbourhood is made up of clear, clean and unpolluted fast mountain rivers: the Moravica, the Studenica and the Nošnica which, together with their tributaries, curve down the Moravica mountains. There are and two small lakes: Nebeska Suza and Tičar Lake.[1]

History[edit]

Ivanjica has gained the status of the town in 1833, after the Prince of Serbia, Miloš Obrenović took the area.[2]

Today, after all the wars, suffering, displacing and migrations, Ivanjica is a modern little town and the municipality with around 32,000 citizens. It is the economic, cultural, administrative and health care centre of the municipality. Its development is based on agriculture and tourism as two main bearers of prosperity.[3]

Economy[edit]

Ivanjica is the small economically developed part of Serbia. The economy of Ivanjica Municipality is typified by the processing industry, lumber processing, production of textile products and production of raspberry and potato. Coverage of imports by exports is 92%.

According to the data of the National Bank of Serbia, there are 365 active enterprises in Ivanjica Municipality. Small enterprises, followed by middle sized enterprises that make almost 5% of the total number of enterprises, make 94.2% of their total number.[4]

Tourism[edit]

The beginnings of the development of tourism in Ivanjica Municipality are connected with the 1930s when Ivanjica was proclaimed to be a spa and a climatic place.

Tourist charm of Ivanjica Municipality is based on its rich natural and cultural resources, long history and tradition, specific identity of numerous sites and cordiality of Ivanjica’s hosts. Ivanjica has numerous possibilities for the development of all kinds of tourism: medical, village, sports, hunting and fishing, excursion, congress, and festival and event tourism. This municipality was proclaimed to be the first air spa in Serbia in 2000, while Golija Mountain is Biosphere reserve under the UNESCO protection. As far as the available accommodation capacities are concerned, the municipality has around 1000 beds in classified facilities and around 200 beds in village households, in the town and in the suburbs.

The biggest Health Care Center in Ivanjica is the Institute for Specialized Rehabilitation operates as a state institution which has both medical and tourist character. Its basic activity is medical rehabilitation and provision of services based on recreational medical tourism.[5]

Some of the buildings in town centre

Culture[edit]

The bearers of cultural development in the Municipality of Ivanjica are numerous institutions and organizations. The leading role among them belongs to the Ivanjica Culture Centre and the Svetislav Vulović Library.

Some of Cultural events are: Hunters’ Fair and Wolf Hunt, Parade of Folk Creative Work - Sounds of Golija, Motorcycle Meetings in Ivanjica, Most Beautiful Love Poem Competition, If May Were All the Time, Parade of Reciters and many others.

In 2010, cultural event Nušićijada is renewed by initiative of Cultural Artistic Society "Dom Kulture" from Ivanjica.[6] This is specific cultural Festival inwrought with humor, entertainment, old town spirit returns to the scene after 40 years.

Sport[edit]

There are 28 sports clubs in the Municipality of Ivanjica. The dominant sports are football, basketball, volleyball, archery and winter sports. According to results, the most successful sport club is FK Javor Ivanjica, which was founded in 1912. In 2012 this football club was celebrating its centenary from club founding.[7] This club was a continuous member of the First League for the last several years. Other popular sport clubs are OK Putevi volleyball club and KK Ivanjica basketball club, playing in the lower, regional leagues of Western Serbia.

On the territory of Ivanjica Municipality there are 6 football fields, 2 indoor swimming pools, 2 outdoor swimming pools, 3 gyms, one air rifle range, 29 outdoor fields for recreation, one athletics track, one chess hall and 2 sports halls.[8]

Demographics[edit]

According to the last official census done in 2011, the Municipality of Ivanjica has 31,963 inhabitants.
Most of Ivanjica’s population is of Serbian nationality (98.6%) while 63.3% of the municipality’s population is rural. Depopulation is typical for villages because of the migrations to urban and other areas. Population density on the territory of the municipality is 29.3 inhabitants per square kilometer. The percentage of the population with the university education is 4%. The Municipality of Ivanjica has 10,388 households with 3,03 members on average, while the number of homes is 13,469.

Ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 31,507
Roma 29
Montenegrins 24
Albanians 13
Macedonians 13
Muslims 8
Gorani 7
Yugoslavs 7
Others 355
Total 31,963

Notable residents[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]