Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski (born 3 September 1921 in Lwów, Poland) is a writer and inventor with 50 patents to his credit; a civil and industrial engineer by profession, educated in Poland, Belgium and United States. He is also a non-fiction writer on Polish and European history, author of historical atlases, and lexicographer.
Dictionaries that Pogonowski has compiled include the 1990 Polish-English, English-Polish Standard Dictionary, reprinted in 1993, 1994 and 1997.
After the invasion of Poland in World War II, in December 1939 Pogonowski, aged 18, left Warsaw, Poland with the intention of joining the Polish Armed Forces in the West. He was arrested in Dukla by the German authorities on suspicion of aiming to join the resistance. He was moved between prisons and camps for five years thereafter. Interned at the Krosno, Jasło, and Tarnów prisons among others, he was sent with 500 prisoners to Auschwitz, and from there to Oranienburg-Sachsenhausen several months later. He survived the camps, and was liberated on May 2, 1945. Pogonowski summarized his horrific experiences at the German concentration camps in a three-page article popularized by Richard C. Lukas in his Out of the Inferno. In 1954 he graduated in Civil Engineering at the Catholic University: Institute Superieur de Commerce in Antwerp. He moved to the United States and in the following years worked as project engineer in the oil industry.
Historian and lexicographer
Pogonowski has published an illustrated history of Poland (2000), historical atlases of Poland, and a Polish heraldry (2002) which was reviewed in The Slavic and East European Journal, vol. 54, no. 1 (September 2010), by Professor Tny H. Lin of the University of California, Berkeley, who concluded that "this book makes a strong case for anyone that has doubts about Poland's significance in Europe."
Pogonowski's historical work has been praised by M.K. Dziewanowski, whose review of Jews in Poland calls the book a "pioneering attempt [to] 'encompass' Jews within the Polish discourse, a rarity in American scholarship and in the discourse about Jews." Critics and political opponents of his approach to controversial Polish-Jewish aspects of World War II history have described him as a politically motivated amateur (Wrobel), a conspiratologist (Milewska), and a representative of ethnonationalist historiography (Michlic).
His journalistic work includes broadcasts for the Polish Radio Maryja and columns for its sister publication, Nasz Dziennik (Our Daily). He has also written columns in the Polish-American biweekly, Gwiazda Polarna.
Pogonowski has compiled several Polish-English, English-Polish dictionaries which have appeared since 1981, including his Unabridged Polish-English Dictionary (3 volumes, New York, Hippocrene Books, 1997; some 100,000 entries) and his Polish-English, English-Polish Standard Dictionary (1985, reprinted 1993, 1994 and 1997).
- Practical Polish-English Dictionary, Hippocrene Books, 1981.
- Polish-English, English-Polish Standard Dictionary, Hippocrene Books, 1985.
- Compact Polish-English Dictionary, Hippocrene Books, 1985.
- Polish Phrasebook and Dictionary: Complete Phonetics for English Speakers, 103 pp., 1991.
- Unabridged Polish-English Dictionary, 3 volumes, New York, Hippocrene Books, 1997.
- Poland: A Historical Atlas, revised edition, New York, Hippocrene Books, 1989.
- The Jews in Poland: A Documentary History; the Rise of [the] Jews as a Nation from Congressus Judaicus in Poland to the Knesset in Israel, New York, Hippocrene Books, 1993.
- Świat po amerykańsku, Fundacja 'Nasza Przyszłość', 2004.
- Heraldyka – Heraldry, CD-ROM, published by Juliusz Ostrowski, 2002.
- Poland: An Illustrated History, Hippocrene Books, 2000 (recommended by Norman Davies and Zbigniew Brzeziński).
- Jews in Poland: A Documentary History, New York, Hippocrene Books, 1998.
- Historyczny Atlas Polski (A Historical Atlas of Poland), Wydawnictwo Baran i Suszczyński, 1995.
- Poland: A Historical Atlas, New York, Hippocrene Books, 1987.
- Hegemonia – On US Foreign Policy, Poznań, WERS, 2008.
- The First Democracy in Modern Europe: Million Free Citizens in Poland during the Renaissance, 2010 (E-Book).
- Polish-English, English-Polish Dictionary with Complete Phonetics, by Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski, New York, Hippocrene Books, 1990, ISBN 0-87052-882-3, 363 pages.
- Richard C. Lukas (1989). Out of the Inferno. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 139–42. ISBN 0-8131-1692-9. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
- Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski (2012). "Bio". Homepage. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
- M.K. Dziewanowski. "Jews in Poland - A Documentary History". Sarmatian Review, April 1997 (Rice University). Retrieved 2010-09-27.
- Piotr Wrobel. "The Massacre in Jedwabne, July 10, 1941: Before, During, and After". Rice University. Retrieved 2010-09-27. "[Marek Jan] Chodakiewicz quotes many authors, but the list is odd: next to outstanding historians, such as Piotr Wandycz or Krystyna Kersten, there appear politically motivated amateurs, such as Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski."
- Monika Milewska. "The Image of Sects in the Polish Ultra-Catholic Press". CESNUR. Retrieved 2010-09-27. "The article of professor Pogonowski is based on some facts: the great popularity of the movement of born-again Christians (Bush is in fact one of them) and tv pastors like Pat Robertson who warn against possible Apocalypse (for example in the end of 1999) or pro-Israelian impacts in the White House. But the total vision of seventy millions of Americans having only one desire: how to hasten the Armagedon is a part of this conspiracy thinking we know so well from the past."
- Joanna B. Michlic (2007). "Essay on Antisemitism in Contemporary Poland". Rethinking Poles and Jews: troubled past, brighter future. Robert D. Cherry, Annamaria Orla-Bukowska (Rowman & Littlefield). p. 163. ISBN 978-0-7425-4666-0. "...the new and growing ethnonationalist historiography that has emerged in the post 1989 period [include] Marek J[an] Chodakiewicz, Piotr Gontarczyk, Leszek Zebrowski, Bogdan Musial, the late Tomasz Strzembosz, and Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski. The intellectually disturbing aspect of their writing lies in the fact that these historians are considered members of the established mainstream historical schools."
- Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski. "Tło historyczne pogromu kieleckiego". Radio Maryja. Retrieved 2009-06-02. (Polish)
- Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski. "Dymisja neokonserwatysty". Nasz Dziennik. Retrieved 2009-06-02. (Polish)
- Hippocrene Books
- Richard C. Lukas, Out of the Inferno, pp. 139–42. University Press of Kentucky, ISBN 0-8131-1692-9
- Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski's website.