Ixodes persulcatus

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Ixodes persulcatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Subclass: Acari
Order: Ixodida
Family: Ixodidae
Genus: Ixodes
Species: I. persulcatus
Binomial name
Ixodes persulcatus
(Schulze, 1930)

Ixodes persulcatus, the taiga tick, is a species of hard-bodied tick distributed from Europe through central and northern Asia to the People’s Republic of China and Japan.[1] The sexual dimorphism of the species is marked, the male being much smaller than the female.[2] Hosts include wild and domestic ungulates, man, dog, rabbit, and other small mammals including the dormouse, Amur hedgehog, and occasionally birds.[3]

Disease transmission[edit]

I. persulcatus ticks transmit Lyme disease, babesiosis, and Siberian (TBEV-Sib) and Far Eastern (TBEV-FE) tick-borne encephalitis.[1][4] A recent study of the northernmost tick-borne encephalitis focus in Simo, Finnish Lapland, found I. persulcatus ticks in scattered foci along the western coast, including the Kokkola archipelago and Närpiö municipality, demonstrating a northward movement of foci and an unusual combination of the TBEV-Eur strain and I. persulcatus ticks in an area with no evidence of cocirculation of tick species or TBEV subtypes.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Anu E. Jääskeläinen, Elina Tonteri, Tarja Sironen, Laura Pakarinen, Antti Vaheri & Olli Vapalahti (2011). "European subtype tick-borne encephalitis virus in Ixodes persulcatus ticks". Emerging Infectious Diseases 17 (2): 323–325. doi:10.3201/eid1702.101487. 
  2. ^ Yung Bai Kang & Du Hwan Jang (1985). "A description with scanning electron microscopy on the tick Ixodes persulcatus (Schulze, 1930) male and female specimens". Kisaengch'unghak chapchi [The Korean Journal of Parasitology] 23 (2): 305–312. doi:10.3347/kjp.1985.23.2.305. PMID 12888675. 
  3. ^ James E. Keirans, Glen R. Needham & James H. Oliver, Jr. (1999). "The Ixodes ricinus complex worldwide: diagnosis of the species in the complex, hosts and distribution". In Glen R. Needham, Rodger Mitchell, David J. Horn, and W. Calvin Welbourn. Acarology IX, Volume 2, Symposia. Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio Biological Survey. p. 344. ISBN 978-0-86727-123-2. 
  4. ^ Marina E. Eremeeva, Alice Oliveira, John Moriarity, Jennilee B. Robinson, Nikolay K. Tokarevich, Ludmila P. Antyukova, Valentina A. Pyanyh, Olga N. Emeljanova, Valentina N. Ignatjeva, Roman Buzinov, Valentina Pyankova & Gregory A. Dasch (2007). "Detection and identification of bacterial agents in Ixodes persulcatus Schulze ticks from the north western region of Russia". Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 7 (3): 426–436. doi:10.1089/vbz.2007.0112.