Izhevsk Mechanical Plant
|Founded||Izhevsk, USSR July 20, 1942|
|Founder(s)||State Defense Committee|
|Revenue||US$ 94,867,462 (2009)|
|Net income||US$ 225,315 (2009)|
|Employees||11,633 (January 2010)|
|Parent||Ministry of Industry and Trade|
|Subsidiaries||Trading House "Baikal"|
Izhevsk Mechanical Plant (Russian: Ижевский Mеханический Завод, Izhevsky Mekhanchesky Zavod) or IZHMEKH (ИЖМЕХ) was a major firearms manufacturer founded in Izhevsk in 1942 for manufacturing small arms. After the end of World War II it continued producing firearms, both for military and hunting applications, and later high-tech weapons and civilian machinery. After the Dissolution of the Soviet Union the range of civilian products was greatly expanded, but firearms were still its major production.
Since 1960 Izhmekh supplied hunting shotguns for export under the trademark "Baikal". Their products also included various hand held pistols, including the criminally popular Baikal IZH-79.
Izhmekh was widely known for having developed and manufactured Makarov and Yarygin pistols. It was also one of the primary factories producing Mosin-Nagant and SVT-40 rifles during World War II for standard issue to Soviet troops.
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