|Founder(s)||Tsar Alexander I|
|Key people||Mikhail Kalashnikov|
|Products||Firearms, weapons, motorcycles, lathes|
|Revenue||US$ 72,598,377 (2009)|
|Net income||US$ 135,388 (2009)|
|Employees||969 (January 2010)|
Izhevsk Machinebuilding Plant (Russian: Ижевский Mашиностроительный Завод) or IZHMASH (ИЖМАШ) is a weapons and motor vehicle manufacturer based in Izhevsk, founded in 1807 at the decree of Tsar Alexander I, and is now one of the largest corporations in its field. It manufactures the famous Kalashnikov series of assault rifle, along with a host of other Russian arms, including medium cannons, missiles, and guided shells. Izhmash also produces other goods, such as motorcycles and cars. As of April 2012 the company was declared bankrupt. In November 2012, A proposal was made to merge Izhmash with Izhevsk Mechanical Plant (Izhmekh) under the new name "Kalashnikov". As of August 13, 2013, Izhmash and Izhevsk Mechanical Plant have been merged and formally renamed Kalashnikov Concern.
Motorcycles and automobiles
The IZh automobiles were copies of Moskvitch models 412 and later AZLK-2138 and 2140, until the IZh-2126 Oda. The Oda, bore a very close resemblance to the Moskvitch AZLK-2141 Aleko, but had a completely different rear-wheel drive design.
AZLK 412 based IZh models, which were completely IZh own designs were 2715, 27151, 2125 and 21251. 2125 was built until 1982, when it was facelifted along with IZh 412 IE, 2715 and 27121. The newer version of 2125 was named 21251. All of the IZh own models were based on AZLK 412 and the bodyshell(with the exception of the rear part, which were different on 2715/27151 and 2125/21251) along with mechanical parts were direct copies of AZLK 412.
IZh Motorcycles now produces four models: the Yunker, Planet 5, Jupiter,and Cornet. They all have 350cc two stroke engines except the Cornet which has a 50cc engine. On the Yunker and the Jupiter the motors are Liquid cooled.
There are also Special Purpose motorcycles for police, cargo carry, and a "Swamp Rover" all based on other production models.
A 650cc Rotax-powered Sport the PS-S 650 Rotax, and what appears to be an updated Planet 5 aptly called Planet 7 are apparently entering production soon.
Upwards of 11 million motorcycles have been produced by the IZh.
IzhAvto, the car building branch of the company filed for bankruptcy in August 2009. Soon after this it was taken over by AvtoVAZ. Now IzhAvto, which changed it name to OAG (Ob'edinyonnaya avtomobilnaya gruppa) produces Lada-cars and is preparing to produce cars of Renault-Nissan alliance.
Their products are currently in use in a wide variety of countries, ranging from well established countries such as the United Kingdom, Germany and France to the developing countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America. The factory produces the famous Kalashnikov series of rifles for the Russian military and for export. Mikhail Kalashnikov, the rifle's designer, works at the factory. Variants produced at Izhmash include the AK-100 series of rifles, the Saiga sporting line of rifles and shotguns.
In particular, the Saiga line of rifles has been a success for the concern, being popular with sportsmen in countries such as the United States. In 2012 about 70 percent of the factory’s output was civilian rifles, up from 50 percent in 2010. Of the civilian arms, about 40 percent are exported to the United States. That means American consumers are now buying about the same number of Kalashnikov-style weapons from Izhmash as the Russian army and police.
The biathlon rifles include the 7-2, 7-3/7-3A youth/women's models as well as the 7-4 and 7-4A men's model. They have been used in Europe and the USA.
- AK-47, AKM, AK-74, AN-94, AK-101, AK-103, AK-107, AK-12 series assault rifles
- Saiga-12, Saiga-20, Saiga-410 semi-automatic shotguns
- Saiga self-loading carbine
- SV-98 bolt action sniper rifle
- SVD/SVDS semi-automatic sniper rifle
- PP-19 Bizon submachine gun
- Mosin-Nagant bolt action rifles and carbines (Majority of these were produced by Izhevsk)
- Tokarev SVT-40 semi-automatic rifle
- Yunker Series, semi-automatic air gun Kalashnikov assault rifle dummy
- Makarov PM
- Airsoft AK74M (IZh-124)
Cannons and ammunition
- IT-42 precision lathes
- Gas meters
- Small arms repair stations
- Metallurgical products (tools, die forgings, castings)
Merger with Izhevsk
In November 2012 Dmitry Rogozin proposed to merge Izhmash with Izhevsk Mechanical Plant (Izhmekh) under the new name "Kalashnikov". In a meeting with the Russian president, Mr. Rogozin has said "Izhmash and Izhmekh, with due respect, are not brands. "Kalashnikov" is a brand." Vladimir Putin supported the idea. The merger was concluded on August 13, 2013.
- http://www.janes.com/article/25839/izhmash-formally-renamed-kalashnikov As of August 2013, Izhmash has been formally renamed Kalashnikov Concern
- "Annual report of "Izhmash" group". Retrieved 2011-02-19.
- "Производителя автоматов Калашникова признали банкротом". Lenta.ru. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- http://www.russianmotorcycles.co.uk/russian_motorcycle_uk_history.htm RussianMotorcycles Cossack Motorcycles (Retrieved 30 November 2006)
- http://www.izhmash.ru/eng/product/weapon.shtml | Izhmash Official Website Catalog/Products/Weapons
- Importing Russia’s Top Gun, nytimes.com, August 14th 2012
- Петрова, Анастасия (19-Nov-2012). "Не только автомат. Создание концерна "Калашников" поддержано на высшем уровне". ВЗГЛЯД. Деловая Газета. Retrieved 22-Nov-2012. (Russian)
- Official Izhmash website (English)
- Izh Auto official site (Russian)
- Legion USA Inc. - Official Importer of Saiga 12 Shotguns and Rifles
- Russian State Export Corporation homepage (English) (Russian)
- Izh Motorcycle official site (Russian)
- Izh Motorcycle official site (English)
- AutoSoviet: Izh Moto (English)
- AutoSoviet: Izh Avto (English)
- Airsoft AK74M (IZh-124) (English)