İzmir Province

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This article is about province of Turkey. For the city in Turkey, see Izmir.
İzmir Province
İzmir ili
Province of Turkey
Location of İzmir Province in Turkey
Location of İzmir Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Aegean
Government
 • Governor Mustafa Toprak
Area
 • Total 11,973 km2 (4,623 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 3,948,848
 • Density 330/km2 (850/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0232
Vehicle registration 35

İzmir Province (Turkish: İzmir ili) is a province of Turkey in western Anatolia on the Aegean coast, whose capital is the city of İzmir. On the west it is surrounded by the Aegean sea, and it encloses the Gulf of İzmir. Its area is 11,973 kilometres (7,440 miles).2, population 3.948.848 (2010 tüik census). The population was 3,370,866 in 2000. Neighbouring provinces are Balıkesir on the north, Manisa on the east, and Aydın on the south. The traffic code of the province is 35.

The main rivers of the province are the Küçük Menderes river, Koca Çay (with Güzelhisar dam), and Bakır Çay.

Districts[edit]

İzmir Province is divided into 30 districts (metro districts are bold):

Of these, Balçova, Bayraklı, Bornova, Buca, Çiğli, Gaziemir, Güzelbahçe, Karabağlar, Karşıyaka, Konak, and Narlıdere are core districts, making up the city of İzmir.

History[edit]

Further information: Smyrna

The area was first settled by local Anatolians, milleninum later Ionians in about the 11th century BC who established the League of Ionia. It was later conquered by the Persians, retaken by the Greeks, before being subsumed into the Roman Empire. After the split of the Roman Empire, the area became part of what is now called the Byzantine Empire until conquered by the Ottoman Turks in the 14th century. Following the First World War the province was ceded to Greece, but was retaken by the forces of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in the Turkish War of Independence. As a result of the Treaty of Lausanne all Greek Orthodox inhabitants of the province had to leave, and İzmir Province was incorporated into the modern republic of Turkey.

Missing Historical background, search other sources for more details.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°29′04″N 27°08′26″E / 38.48444°N 27.14056°E / 38.48444; 27.14056