Izu-Taga Station opened on March 30, 1935 when the section of the Itō Line linking Atami with Ajiro was completed. Freight services were discontinued on November 1, 1958. On April 1, 1987 along with division and privatization of the Japan National Railway, East Japan Railway Company started operating this station.
Izu-Taga Station has two opposing side platforms, one of which is connected directly to the station building and the other connected via an underpass. The station building has automated ticket machines and Suica automated turnstiles, but its "Green Window" service counter was closed in 2007.