Izium

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Izyum)
Jump to: navigation, search
Izium
Ізюм
Coat of arms of Izium
Coat of arms
Map of Ukraine with Izyum highlighted.
Map of Ukraine with Izyum highlighted.
Izium is located in Ukraine
Izium
Izium
Location of Izium
Coordinates: 49°12′46″N 37°15′25″E / 49.21278°N 37.25694°E / 49.21278; 37.25694
Country
Oblast
Raion
Ukraine
Kharkiv Oblast
Iziumskyi Raion
founded 1681
city 1685
Government
 • Mayor Vladimir Sepity
Area
 • Total 43.6 km2 (16.8 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 56,100
Postal code 64300
Area code(s) 380-5743
Licence plate АХ
Sister cities Krasnogorsk, Moscow Oblast
Website http://www.kharkivoda.gov.ua/show.php?page=izumska

Izium (Ukrainian: Ізюм; also Romanized Izum, Izyum; literally raisins), is a city situated on the Donets River in the Kharkiv Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. Serving as the administrative center of the Iziumsky Raion (district), the city is located approximately 75 miles (120 km) southeast of the oblast capital, Kharkiv.

First mentioned in 1571 in connection with the Izium Warpath of the Crimean Tatars, Izyum was a significant centre of the Sloboda Ukraine and home to a regiment of Cossacks between 1688 and 1765. The delight of the visitor to the town is the five-domed Baroque cathedral of the Saviour's Transfiguration (1684). Its remarkable similarity to the old cathedral of Kharkov suggests the hand of the same master. The cathedral was renovated in 1902 and restored in 1955. The churches of Ascension (1819-21) and of St. Nicholas (1809-23) rank among the finest Neoclassical buildings in the region.

During World War II, the Red Army held a large bridgehead here, allowing for a salient that was cut off by counterattacking German forces and eliminated in one of the most expensive learning errors for the Red Army. Izium was occupied by the German Army from 24 June 1942 to 5 February 1943.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfb". (Warm Summer Continental Climate).[1]

Climate data for Izium
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −3
(27)
−2
(29)
4
(40)
14
(58)
21
(70)
24
(76)
26
(79)
25
(77)
20
(68)
12
(54)
4
(40)
0
(32)
12.1
(54.2)
Average low °C (°F) −8
(17)
−8
(18)
−3
(27)
4
(40)
9
(49)
13
(56)
14
(58)
13
(55)
8
(47)
3
(38)
−1
(30)
−5
(23)
3.3
(38.2)
Avg. precipitation days 20 16 13 11 11 11 10 8 10 10 15 20 155
Source: Weatherbase [2]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Climate Summary
  2. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on May 8, 2013.

Coordinates: 49°12′46″N 37°15′25″E / 49.21278°N 37.25694°E / 49.21278; 37.25694