Ján Cikker

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Ján Cikker (29 July 1911 – 21 December 1989) was a Slovak composer, a leading exponent of modern Slovak classical music. He was awarded the title National Artist in Slovakia, the Herder Prize (1966) and the IMC-UNESCO International Music Prize (1979).

Life[edit]

Cikker was born in former Austria-Hungary, today Slovakia, in Banská Bystrica. His first music teachers were his mother, Mária Psotková, and Viliam Figuš-Bystrý. After he graduated from the high school, he studied at the Prague Conservatory from 1930 to 1935, where he attended courses of composition of Jaroslav Křička, of conducting and organ. He then studied at the Master's School of the Prague Conservatory from 1935 to 1936, where he was a student of Vítězslav Novák. Later on, he moved to Vienna, where he studied with Felix Weingartner from 1936-1937.

From 1939 to 1949, he taught at the Bratislava Conservatory. At the same time he was a repertory advisor of the opera of the Slovak National Theatre from 1945 to 1948. He was forced to leave this post after the communist takeover of Czechoslovakia in 1948.[1] Finally, he worked as professor for composition at the Bratislava Academy of Music and Dramatic Arts (VŠMÚ), where he was the teacher of many Slovak composers. He died in Bratislava, where a museum in his name has opened.

Characteristics[edit]

His pronounced style is characterized by a typical richness of contrasting moods and characters (dance, expressive, lyrical pronunciation), and by the emphasis on humane and ethical conduct. His first creative works were prevailingly instrumental, from the 1950s he added opera pieces.

Major works[edit]

  • cycle of symphonic poems O živote – Leto, Vojak a matka, Ráno (About life – Summer, Soldier and Mother, Morning; 1941-1946)
  • operas: Juro Jánošík (1950-1953, libretto by Štefan Hoza), Beg Bajazid (1955-1956, libretto by Štefan Hoza), Mister Scrooge (1958-1959, alternative name Tiene /Shadows/, after Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol), Vzkriesenie (1960; Resurrection, after Tolstoy's novel), Hra o láske a srmti (Play of Love and Death, after Romain Rolland), Coriolanus (1970-72; after Shakespeare's play), Obliehanie Bystrice (1969-1971; The Siege of Bystrica after Kálmán Mikszáth), Zo života hmyzu (1983-86; after Karel Čapek's and Josef Čapek's play Pictures from the Insects' Life), Antigona (1987-89, unfinished; after Sophocles's play))
  • chamber and orchestral pieces: String quartet no. 1 op. 13 (1935), String quartet no. 2 op. 14 (1936), Spring Symphony (1937), Slovenská suita (1943; Slovak suite), Spomienky (1947; Memories), cMeditácie na Schützovu tému (1964; Meditations about the Schütz theme), Štúdie k činohre (1944; Studies for a theatre play)
  • piano music: Sonatina op. 12, no. 1 (1933), Tatra brooks (1954), Piano Variations on a Slovak Folksong (1973)
  • song cycle: O mamičke (1940; About Dear Mum)
  • adaptations of folk songs
  • theatre and film music (Varúj!)
  • music for folk dance groups, e.g. for SĽUK (Slovak Folk Art Collective), Lúčnica and VÚS.

Sources[edit]

Oxford Music Online, Cikker, Ján

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford Music Online, Cikker, Ján