Jäneda

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jäneda
Village
Jäneda manor
Jäneda manor
Jäneda is located in Estonia
Jäneda
Jäneda
Location in Estonia
Coordinates: 59°14′44″N 25°42′15″E / 59.24556°N 25.70417°E / 59.24556; 25.70417Coordinates: 59°14′44″N 25°42′15″E / 59.24556°N 25.70417°E / 59.24556; 25.70417
Country  Estonia
County Lääne-Viru County
Parish Tapa Parish
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Jäneda (German: Jendel) is a small village in northern Estonia. It is located in Lääne-Viru County (from autumn 2005) and is a part of Tapa municipality.

History[edit]

Jäneda hill fort[edit]

Jäneda hill fort was a hill fort used from the 10th to the 12th century. It consisted by a rampart reaching approximately 3 metres (9.8 ft), surrounding a triangular courtyard. There were two towers at the entrance at the southern end and, possibly, another tower at the northern end. The fort was surrounded by a moat.[1]

Jäneda manor[edit]

Jäneda manor was founded as an estate before 1510. The estate has belonged to several different aristocratic families. The present building was built 1913-1915 in an eclectic Art Nouveau style with strong neo-Gothic influences. In 1922, the interiors were rebuilt after designs by architect Anton Lembit Soans. Estonian composer Urmas Sisask has furnished a planetarium at the top of the tower.[2]

In the early 1900s the manor was owned by Countess, later Baroness, Moura (Maria Zakrevskaya Benckendorff) Budberg, who has been called the "Mata Hari of Russia" and who was close to Sir R. H. Bruce Lockhart, Russian writer Maxim Gorky and H. G. Wells.[3][4]

The manor is now converted to a museum and conference center. Ugri.info seminar on Finno-Ugric languages and infosystems was held at the manor on either 3 December 2004 or March 12, 2004.[citation needed]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Viirand, Tiiu (2004). Estonia. Cultural Tourism. Kunst Publishers. pp. 89–90. ISBN 9949407184. 
  2. ^ Sakk, Ivar (2004). Estonian Manors - A Travelogue. Tallinn: Sakk & Sakk OÜ. p. 119. ISBN 9949-10-117-4. 
  3. ^ Sakk, Ivar (2004). Estonian Manors - A Travelogue. Tallinn: Sakk & Sakk OÜ. p. 119. ISBN 9949-10-117-4. 
  4. ^ Jäneda manor "About Jäneda". Retrieved 25 December 2012. 

External links[edit]

Previous station
Icon train.svg
Station on eastward lines
Next station
Human-go-previous.svg Nelijärve
Train station.svg
Jäneda
Lehtse Human-go-next.svg