Jürgen Klinsmann

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Jürgen Klinsmann
Austria vs. USA 2013-11-19 (066).jpg
Klinsmann in 2013
Personal information
Date of birth (1964-07-30) 30 July 1964 (age 50)
Place of birth Göppingen, West Germany
Height 1.81 m (5 ft 11 12 in)
Playing position Striker
Club information
Current team
United States (Head coach)
Youth career
1972–1974 TB Gingen
1974–1978 SC Geislingen
1978–1981 Stuttgarter Kickers
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1981–1984 Stuttgarter Kickers 61 (22)
1984–1989 VfB Stuttgart 155 (79)
1989–1992 Internazionale 95 (34)
1992–1994 AS Monaco 65 (29)
1994–1995 Tottenham Hotspur 41 (20)
1995–1997 Bayern Munich 65 (31)
1997–1998 Sampdoria 8 (2)
1997–1998 Tottenham Hotspur (loan) 15 (9)
2003 Orange County Blue Star 8 (5)
Total 514 (231)
National team
1980–1981 West Germany U16 3 (0)
1984–1985 West Germany U21 8 (3)
1987–1988 West Germany Olympic 14 (8)
1987–1990 West Germany 28 (9)
1990–1998 Germany 80 (38)
Teams managed
2004–2006 Germany
2008–2009 Bayern Munich
2011– United States
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).

Jürgen Klinsmann (German pronunciation: [ˈjʏʁɡŋ̩ ˈkliːnsˌman], born 30 July 1964) is a German football manager and former player who is currently the head coach of the United States national team. As a player, Klinsmann played for several prominent clubs in Europe and was part of the West German team that won the 1990 FIFA World Cup and the unified German team that won the 1996 UEFA European Championship. One of Germany's premier strikers during the 1990s, he scored in all six major international tournaments he participated in, from Euro 1988 to 1998 World Cup. In 1995 he came in third in the FIFA World Player of the Year award; in 2004 he was named in the FIFA 100 list of the "125 Greatest Living Footballers".[1]

Klinsmann managed the German national team to a third-place finish in the 2006 World Cup. On 12 July 2006, he officially announced that he would step down as Germany's coach after two years in charge and be replaced by assistant coach Joachim Löw. He took over as coach of Bundesliga club Bayern Munich in July 2008 when Ottmar Hitzfeld stepped down. On 27 April 2009, he was released early,[2] even though he had won five of the previous seven league games and was only three points behind league leader VfL Wolfsburg. In the jointly initiated reforms at Bayern, it emerged there was a severe clash of opinions between coach and club management.[3] On 29 July 2011, the US Soccer Federation named Klinsmann the coach of the United States men's national team.[4] In 2013 he won the CONCACAF Gold Cup with the United States. Outside of his professional football life he completed an apprenticeship as a baker in 1982,[5] runs a Children Charity foundation in four countries, and is a certified helicopter pilot.[6]

Club career[edit]

1972–1981: Youth career[edit]

Klinsmann is one of four sons of master baker Siegfried Klinsmann (died 2005) and his wife Martha. At age eight he started playing for TB Gingen, an amateur football club in Gingen an der Fils. Six months later he scored 16 goals in a single game for his new club.[7] At age ten he moved to SC Geislingen. When he was 14 years old his father bought a bakery in Stuttgart. After the family relocated to the state capital Stuttgart, Jurgen continued to play for SC Geislingen, even after he was spotted in a youth selection of Württemberg. At age 16 he signed a contract with Stuttgarter Kickers, at which he would turn professional two years later. His parents decided that he would first finish his apprenticeship as a baker in their family business, which he completed in 1982.

1981–1989: Stuttgarter Kickers and VfB Stuttgart[edit]

Klinsmann (centre) playing for VfB Stuttgart against SG Dynamo Dresden in the semi-final of the 1988–89 UEFA Cup.

Klinsmann started his professional career in 1982 at the then second division side Stuttgarter Kickers, where he had been playing since 1978 as a youth player.[8] By 1982–83 he was already a regular starter and by the end of the 1983–84 season had scored a total of 19 goals for his club. Horst Buhtz, a former coach of Stuttgarter Kickers, recalls that Klinsmann benefited from an intensive sprint-training from Horst Allman, who was one of the best sprint coaches in Germany at that time. At the beginning of the new season, he managed to improve his 100 m dash from 11.7 to 11.0 seconds.[9]

In 1984 Klinsmann moved to first division rivals VfB Stuttgart. In his first season at the club, he scored 15 goals and was the team's joint top scorer with Karl Allgöwer. Despite his goal scoring efforts, he couldn't prevent his new club from finishing tenth in the league. During each of the 1985–86 and 1986–87 seasons, he scored 16 goals and reached the 1986 final of the DFB-Pokal, losing against Bayern Munich 2–5, but scoring the last goal of the game. In the 1987–88 season, he scored 19 goals – including a legendary overhead kick against Bayern Munich – and was the Bundesliga's top goalscorer.

In 1988 the 24-year old Klinsmann was named German Footballer of the Year. After reaching the 1988–89 UEFA Cup final with Stuttgart (which eventually lost to Diego Maradona's inspired Napoli 1–2 and 3–3), Klinsmann moved to Italian club Internazionale and joined the ranks of two other German internationals, Lothar Matthäus and Andreas Brehme.

1989–1992: Internazionale[edit]

Klinsmann signed a three-year contract with Inter. In spite of the heavily defensive orientated tactics of head coach Giovanni Trapattoni, Klinsmann scored 13 goals as the Nerazzurri finished third in Serie A. He became one of the most popular foreign players in Italy, mostly because he had learnt Italian and earned himself the respect of the fans with his appearance and language skills.

During the next season, Klinsmann won the UEFA Cup with Inter (2–1 on aggregate against Roma) and repeated his previous performance in the league with 14 goals. Klinsmann's contract was extended until 1994. A disastrous 1991–92 season made all plans fall through. Inter never managed to gain any momentum under coach Corrado Orrico and finished eighth in the league, with Klinsmann only scoring seven goals and the team being divided and fragmented into groups. It was clear for Klinsmann that this would be his last season at the San Siro.

1992–1994: AS Monaco[edit]

After UEFA Euro 1992, Klinsmann moved to AS Monaco and catapulted the club to a second place finish in the league in his first season. After the bribery scandal by Olympique Marseille and their subsequent disqualification as league winners, AS Monaco was to replace them in the Champions League the following year. Monaco reached the semi-final before finally losing to eventual winners Milan. The following season, Monaco only managed a 9th place finish in the league. Klinsmann, who had missed two months due to a torn ligament, was mostly deployed as a lone-striker and started criticizing the attitude of his teammates. In 1994 he left the club early, with one more year remaining on his contract.[10]

1994–1995: Tottenham Hotspur[edit]

Somewhat surprisingly, Klinsmann moved to Tottenham Hotspur in the Premier League for the 1994–95 season, where the fans and media were very critical of the German, partly because he played in the 1990 West Germany team that knocked England out of the World Cup, and partly because of his reputation as a diver. He was signed by Spurs in July 1994 from AS Monaco for £2million.[11] On his debut against Sheffield Wednesday he scored a header and immediately won over fans by self-deprecatingly diving to the ground as a celebration.[12] A Guardian journalist that had written an article called "Why I Hate Jürgen Klinsmann", wrote another two months later called "Why I Love Jürgen Klinsmann".[13] Klinsmann went on to win the 1995 Football Writers' Association Footballer of the Year.[14]

Because of his humour, but also because of his athletic achievements and his combative playing style, Klinsmann quickly became extremely popular in England. Over 150,000 of his shirts were sold.[15] He now holds legendary status at Spurs and was inducted into Madame Tussauds Wax Museum.[16]

Klinsmann scored 20 goals in the 1994–95 season for Spurs and a total of 29 in all competitions, including a late winner against Liverpool in the quarter-final of the FA Cup. He also found the net in the semi-final, but Spurs missed out on a place in the final by losing the game 4–1 to Everton.[17]

1995–1998 and later career[edit]

Klinsmann then had a successful spell at Bayern Munich during the 1995–96 and 1996–97 season. During both seasons he was the top goalscorer of his club, won the 1995–96 UEFA Cup, and set a new goalscoring record of 15 goals in 12 games during the competition (a record that stood until 2011).[18] A year later, he also became German champion as he won the Bundesliga. He then briefly moved to Italy for Sampdoria, but left the team again in the winter and returned to Tottenham Hotspur. During his second stint at Tottenham in the 1997–98 season, his goals saved the club from relegation, particularly the four goals he scored in a 6–2 win at Wimbledon[19] He played the last game of his high-level club career in 1998 on the final day of the Premier League against Southampton.[20]

After retiring and moving to the United States, Klinsmann played in 2003 under the pseudonym Jay Göppingen (Göppingen being his birthplace) for the Orange County Blue Star, a team in the fourth-tier USL Premier Development League.

International career[edit]

Klinsmann had a good international career, seeing his first West Germany duty in 1987 and ultimately collecting 108 caps, making him the country's fourth most capped player behind Lothar Matthäus, Miroslav Klose, and Lukas Podolski. Klinsmann scored 47 goals for West Germany/Germany in top-level international matches, sharing the all-time third place with Rudi Völler, and only surpassed by Miroslav Klose's record of 71 goals for the national team and by Gerd Müller's 68 goals. He scored 11 goals in the FIFA World Cup, ranking sixth all-time.

In 1987, he made his debut for Germany against Brazil in a 1–1 draw. He participated in the 1988 Summer Olympics, winning a bronze medal; the 1988, 1992 and 1996 European Championships, reaching the final in 1992 and becoming champion in 1996. Klinsmann was the first player ever to score in three different UEFA European Championships. Three other players – Vladimír Šmicer, Thierry Henry, and Nuno Gomes – have equalled this record since.

He was an important part of the West German team during the 1990 FIFA World Cup. After qualifying for the round-of-16, Germany was to play the Netherlands, against which they lost two years earlier in Euro 88. It was to be Klinsmann's best international game. After Rudi Völler was sent off in the 22nd minute, Klinsmann was forced to play as a lone striker. He delivered a running and pressure performance with which he occupied the entire Dutch defence, scored the 1–0 opener and was a constant threat.[citation needed] The next day, the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung wrote the following about Klinsmann: "In the last decade, not a single forward of a DFB team has offered such a brilliant, almost perfect performance."[citation needed] After further victories over Czechoslovakia (1–0) and England (1–1 after extra time, 4–3 on penalties), he became a world champion after beating Argentina 1–0 in the final. Klinsmann is remembered for being fouled by the Argentinian Pedro Monzón, who was subsequently sent off, reducing Argentina to ten men. Many critics called the incident a prime example of Klinsmann's diving, a claim he contradicted. In an interview in 2004, he noted that the foul left a 15-cm gash on his shin.[21]

Klinsmann also competed for the unified Germany team at the 1994 (five goals), and 1998 (three goals), World Cups. He became the first player to score at least three goals in three consecutive World Cups, later joined by Ronaldo of Brazil and compatriot Miroslav Klose. He is currently the sixth highest goalscorer at World Cups overall and the third-highest goalscorer for Germany in this competition behind Klose (16 goals) and Gerd Müller (14).

Coaching career[edit]

Germany[edit]

On 26 July 2004, he returned to Germany as the new head coach of the national team,[22] succeeding former teammate and strike partner Rudi Völler. Klinsmann subsequently embarked on an aggressive program to revamp the management of the team. Bringing fellow German striker Oliver Bierhoff on board helped diffuse public relations duties of the previous combined post away from the actual coaching aspect of the position. Furthermore, he created a youth movement to breathe life into an aging squad on the heels of a disastrous showing at Euro 2004. In the run up to the 2006 World Cup, Klinsmann attracted criticism from German fans and the media following poor results, such as the 4–1 loss to Italy. A particular subject of criticism was that Klinsmann commuted to Germany from the United States, which was the target of a campaign by the "Bild" tabloid. It should be noted that Klinsmann had previously eliminated some privileges Bild traditionally had with the national team, such as receiving the team lineup the day before a match, and 24/7 exclusive access to the team. His largely offensive tactics have irritated some, who complain that he ignores defensive football. He announced a squad of young players for the 2006 World Cup, basing his selection policy on performance, not reputation.

Klinsmann as manager of Germany in 2005

During the 2005 Confederations Cup, he regularly rotated his goalkeepers regardless of their performances, which drew the ire of Bayern Munich's Oliver Kahn. On 7 April 2006, Klinsmann finally decided to relegate Kahn to the bench and designated Arsenal's Jens Lehmann as his first choice goalkeeper. This choice followed Lehmann's performances in the 2006 Champions League in which his Arsenal team bowed out in the final against Barcelona.

In the 2006 World Cup, the performances of Klinsmann's team silenced his critics, which included the form of an English song: Who Do You Think You Are Kidding Jurgen Klinsmann?. The team recorded three straight wins against Costa Rica, Poland and Ecuador in the first round, earning Germany first place in Group A. The first game of the knock out stage was a 2–0 victory over Sweden, and in the quarter-finals, Klinsmann's team defeated Argentina, winning 4–2 on penalties. The teams drew 1–1 after 120 minutes after an equalising goal from Miroslav Klose in the 80th minute.[23]

In the semi-final on 4 July, Germany lost a close match with Italy 2–0 after goals in the final minutes of extra time from Fabio Grosso and Alessandro Del Piero.[24] After the match, Klinsmann praised the performance of his young team. They beat Portugal 3–1 in the third place play-off, where he played Kahn instead of Jens Lehmann.[25] The victory triggered a massive Berlin parade the following day where Klinsmann and the team were honoured by the public.

Afterward, Franz Beckenbauer, previously a strident critic of Klinsmann's, declared his desire to see Klinsmann continue as coach. There was also widespread public support for Klinsmann due to his team's spirit and attacking style of play. The team's strong performance is thought by some to have renewed national pride and restored Germany's reputation as a top footballing nation. Due to his success coaching the national team, Klinsmann was awarded the Bundesverdienstkreuz. He was even referred to as "Kaiser", a term meaning "emperor" in German, usually reserved for German footballing greats, e.g. Franz Beckenbauer.

Despite the highly acclaimed performance at the World Cup and the praise earned, Klinsmann declined to renew his contract, informing the DFB of his decision on 11 July 2006. The decision was officially announced by the DFB on 12 July 2006. Klinsmann's assistant Joachim Löw was appointed as the new head trainer at the same press conference.[26][27] Klinsmann said "My big wish is to go back to my family, to go back to leading a normal life with them ... After two years of putting in a lot of energy, I feel I lack the power and the strength to continue in the same way."[28]

Bayern Munich[edit]

Klinsmann as manager of Bayern Munich in 2009

In July 2008 Klinsmann took over as coach of Bayern Munich, succeeding Ottmar Hitzfeld.[29] Klinsmann helped design a new player development and performance center for Bayern and then launched into molding the team for the Bundesliga and UEFA Champions League campaigns. Under his guidance, Bayern reached the quarter final of the Champions League, losing to eventual champion FC Barcelona.

Bayern's record during the 2008–09 UEFA Champions League was six wins, three draws, and one loss (to Barcelona). In the Bundesliga, Bayern was only three points off first place, with five matches to play, when Klinsmann was replaced as head coach due to a difference of opinion with the club's board of directors. Bayern's record under Klinsmann during the 2008–09 Bundesliga season was 16 wins, six draws, and seven losses.[30]

United States[edit]

Klinsmann as manager of the United States

On 29 July 2011, Klinsmann was named head coach of the United States, making him the 35th coach in the history of the program.[31][32]

In his first six games as head coach of the United States, the USMNT lost four games, winning one and drawing one. They ended the 2011 season with a victory over Slovenia, in a rematch of the World Cup group action. For his abysmal start as a United States coach, Klinsmann again faced criticism regarding his decisions and strategies that failed to produce satisfactory results.

On 29 February 2012, the U.S. national team recorded a historic 1–0 victory in a friendly match away against Italy. It was their first win against the four-time FIFA World Cup champion, stopping the 10-match winless streak against Italy dating back to 1934. USA also broke Italy's 20 game winning streak against all opponents at the Stadio Luigi Ferraris in Genoa.[33] On 15 August 2012, Klinsmann coached the United States to a historic win against long time rivals Mexico 1–0 in the Estadio Azteca, giving the U.S. their first victory over Mexico in the stadium. In 2012 Klinsmann coached USA to their best winning percentage in a calendar year in history.

In 2013, Klinsmann coached the U.S. team in Estadio Azteca in the third World Cup Qualifying game of the 2013 CONCACAF Hexagonal, where the United States earned their second point in history with a 0–0 draw against Mexico. On 2 June 2013, the United States played their centennial celebratory game against Germany, where Klinsmann coached them to a 4–3 win, their first win against a Top 2 team since the U.S. defeated Spain in the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup. On 28 July, Klinsmann coached the U.S. team to their fifth CONCACAF Gold Cup, defeating Panama 1–0 in the final.[34] On 10 September 2013, following a 2–0 win over Mexico, the United States secured qualification for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, to be held in Brazil.

On 12 December 2013, Klinsmann signed a new contract extension with the United States Soccer Federation, which will keep him with the United States men's national team until 2018.[35]

Klinsmann received criticism in May 2014 when he left Landon Donovan off the roster for the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[36] Klinsmann described it as "the most difficult decision of [his] coaching career" but that he sees other players "slightly ahead of [Donovan]."[37] Meanwhile, Klinsmann faced questions and spoke publicly regarding a mocking Tweet posted by his son, which targeted Donovan.[38] There were those who posed the question, was it an indication of a Klinsmann "family perception" about the player?[39]

On 16 June, Klinsmann guided the United States to a 2–1 win over Ghana in their first match of the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil.[40] Ghana beat United States 2–1 in the final game of Group E matches at the 2006 World Cup Group Stage, and again at the 2010 World Cup knockout stage match by 2–1 a.e.t. On 22 June, his side drew 2–2 against Portugal in the second group match, after leading 2–1 until the final seconds of stoppage time where Cristiano Ronaldo sent a cross in that was headed past U.S. goalkeeper Tim Howard by Silvestre Varela.[41] On 26 June, the USA faced a hefty German squad. With possible knock out looming again as their Round of 16 spot hung in the balance, Jurgen Klinsmann and the USA needed to win/draw the game to ensure their Round of 16 spot ahead of Ghana. However, the USA fell to the Germans, 1–0, but the hope of surviving the Group of Death remained alive in the Portugal v. Ghana game in which Portugal had to draw or win for the USA to beat out Ghana in group stage points. Portugal defeated Ghana, 2–1, sending the USA and Klinsmann to the Round of 16.[42] On 1 July, the United States was knocked out by Belgium in the round of 16 after a long drawn out game that took the two teams to extra time. The final score was 2–1, with all goals scored in extra time, which allowed Belgium to edge the USA and move on to the quarter-finals.[43]

Charity work and social engagements[edit]

In 1995 Klinsmann and some of his close friends founded the children charity foundation "Agapedia" which stems from the Greek language and translates to "Love for Children". In 1997 Klinsmann, acting as the captain of the German National Team, visited the Holocaust memorial place Yad Vashem in Israel alongside his coach Berti Vogts. This visit was televised around the globe and drew worldwide attention.[44] Klinsmann is also a board member of the German Initiative “Für die Zukunft lernen” which means "Learning for the future" and supports the education of young people about the Holocaust.[45] In May 1999, Klinsmann donated all the proceeds from his farewell game (more than $1 million) to different children charity organizations. The game was a sell-out with 54,000 fans in Stuttgart's Mercedes-Benz Arena. Famous personalities such as Bryan Adams, Boris Becker and many others contributed to this event.[46]

Personal life[edit]

Klinsmann Bakery in Botnang, Stuttgart

Klinsmann's family operates a bakery in Stuttgart's Botnang district and consequently he is sometimes affectionately referred to as the "baker's son from Botnang". Klinsmann is in fact a journeyman baker, having served an apprenticeship. He is married to Debbie Chin, an American former model, and lives in Huntington Beach, California. Klinsmann and his wife have two children, Jonathan and Laila.[47][48] Aside from German, Klinsmann is fluent in English, Italian and French,[49] and one of his hobbies is flying helicopters in Southern California.[6]

Career statistics[edit]

Club career statistics[edit]

Club performance League Cup League Cup Continental Total
Season Club League Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Germany League DFB-Pokal Other Europe Total
1981–82 Stuttgarter Kickers 2. Bundesliga 6 1
1982–83 20 2
1983–84 35 19
1984–85 Stuttgart Bundesliga 32 15 2 0
1985–86 33 16
1986–87 32 16 4 1
1987–88 34 19
1988–89 25 13 8 4
Italy League Coppa Italia League Cup Europe Total
1989–90 Internazionale Milano Serie A 31 13 4 2 2 0 37 15
1990–91 33 14 4 0 12 3 49 17
1991–92 31 7 5 1 1 0 37 8
France League Coupe de France Coupe de la Ligue Europe Total
1992–93 AS Monaco Division 1 35 19
1993–94 30 10
England League FA Cup League Cup Europe Total
1994–95 Tottenham Hotspur Premier League 41 20 6 5 3 4 50 29
Germany League DFB-Pokal Other Europe Total
1995–96 Bayern Munich Bundesliga 32 16 1 0 - - 12 15 45 31
1996–97 33 15 4 2 - - 2 0 39 17
Italy League Coppa Italia League Cup Europe Total
1997–98 Sampdoria Serie A 8 2
England League FA Cup League Cup Europe Total
1997–98 Tottenham Hotspur Premier League 15 9
Total Germany 282 132
Italy 103 36
France 65 29
England 56 29
Career total 506 226

International statistics[edit]

National team statistics[edit]

[50]

Germany national team
Year Apps Goals
1987 2 0
1988 8 2
1989 4 1
1990 15 6
1991 4 0
1992 13 2
1993 10 6
1994 14 11
1995 9 6
1996 14 7
1997 7 2
1998 8 4
Total 108 47

International goals[edit]

Managerial[edit]

As of 1 July 2014
Team From To Record
G W D L Win % Ref.
Germany 26 July 2004[22] 11 July 2006[28] 34 20 8 6 58.82 [51]
Bayern Munich 1 July 2008[52] 27 April 2009[52] 44 25 9 10 56.82 [52]
United States 1 August 2011[32] present 54 32 9 13 59.26
Total 132 77 26 29 58.33

Honours[edit]

Club[edit]

Internazionale
Bayern Munich

International[edit]

West Germany/Germany

Manager[edit]

Germany

United States

Individual[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Coach Klinsmann sacked by Bayern". BBC Sport. 27 April 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  3. ^ "Ich hätte Bayern zum Titel führen können" [I could have won the league]. Stern TV (in German). 22 May 2009. Retrieved 10 February 2011. 
  4. ^ "Klinsmann named coach of U.S Men's National Team". US Soccer. 29 July 2011. Retrieved 1 August 2011. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Hires Klinsmann To Revive Men's Team". The New York Times. 30 July 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Wahl, Grant (28 January 2013). "Coach Jurgen Klinsmann flies helicopter to, from U.S. camp". Sports Illustrated. 
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  36. ^ Fatsis, Stefan (23 May 2014). "Why Jürgen Klinsmann Never Trusted Landon Donovan". Slate. The Slate Group. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  37. ^ Borg, Simon (22 May 2014). "World Cup: Jurgen Klinsmann explains decision to leave LA Galaxy star Landon Donovan off US national team roster". MLSSoccer.com. MLSSoccer.com. 
  38. ^ Oshan, Jeremiah (23 May 2014). "Jurgen Klinsmann expresses disappointment over son's tweet about Landon Donovan". SBNation. SBNation.com. 
  39. ^ Galarcep, Ives (23 May 2014). "Klinsmann's son causes a stir with tweet mocking Donovan's World Cup omission". Soccer By Ives. soccerbyives.net. 
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External links[edit]