János Fadrusz

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The native form of this personal name is Fadrusz János. This article uses the Western name order.
János Fadrusz
Fadrusz.jpg
Born (1858-09-02)2 September 1858
Pressburg
Died 26 October 1903(1903-10-26) (aged 45)
Budapest
Citizenship  Hungary
Religion Roman Catholic

János Fadrusz (2 September 1858, Pressburg - 26 October 1903, Budapest) was a Hungarian[1][2][3][4][5][6] sculptor. He was a celebrated artist of the age with many important public commissions.

Early life[edit]

Born in Pressburg, Hungary (Hungarian: Pozsony) (today Bratislava, Slovakia), Fadrusz came from a peasant family and went to school in Pressburg where he did four years of primary school and two years of secondary school before an apprenticeship as a locksmith. On completing the apprenticeship he won a gold medal for a portal design and his carved works where instantly met with recognition. He enrolled at the school of wood-carving in Uhrovec.

Sculptural work[edit]

During military service in Prague between 1879 and 1883 he met Josef Václav Myslbek, a famous Czech sculptor and his influence played a role in his change of direction into china painting and sculpture. "Ahusversus' Head", a plaster cast, was met with praise and brought him patrons. As the winner of a scholarship, he worked under Viktor Tilgner, a neo-baroque sculptor, in Vienna from 1886 onwards, then became the pupil of Edmund Hellmer at the Vienna Academy. Fadrusz also fashioned a list of portraits (Cézar Scomparini in 1886, Károly Naszidler in 1889, and Mrs. Tivadar Ortvay in 1888).

His "Crucifix", which he sculpted in Vienna in 1892, made him famous throughout Hungary.

Late in 1892, Fadrusz received a commission to produce the equestrian statue of "Maria Theresa" in Pressburg, which he worked on between 1892 and 1896, but which was later completely destroyed in 1921 by slovak nationalists. In 1894 he was awarded the first prize for his plan of "King Matthias", another equestrian statue, which was unveiled in Kolozsvár (Cluj-Napoca) in 1902. He completed two allegorical statues for the Hungarian Palace of Justice in 1893 (which are now in the possession of the Hungarian Ethnographic Museum).

His major works in the twentieth century modelled shortly before his death include the Equestrian Statue of Béla Wenckheim (Kisbér, 1901), Statue of Wesselényi (Zilah, 1901), Tuhutum Memorial (Zilah, 1902), and Statue of Lajos Tisza (Szeged, 1903).

Fadrusz also modelled two "Atlas Figures" in 1897 and two lions for the grand gates of Buda Castle between 1901 and 1902.

Fadrusz died in 1903.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hugh Chisholm (1911). The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. The Encyclopædia Britannica Co.,. p. 891. 
  2. ^ Bernard Samuel Myers, Shirley D. Myers (1969). McGraw-Hill dictionary of art. McGraw-Hill. p. 378. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  3. ^ Stephen Sisa (1990). The spirit of Hungary: a panorama of Hungarian history and culture. Rákóczi Foundation. p. 310. 
  4. ^ RFE/RL, Inc. Research Institute (1994). RFE/RL research report. RFE/RL, Inc.,. p. 28. 
  5. ^ Kineton Parkes (1931). The art of carved sculpture. Chapman and Hall. p. 168. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  6. ^ Eleonóra Babejová (2003). Fin-de-siècle Pressburg: conflict & cultural coexistence in Bratislava 1897-1914. East European Monographs. p. 163. ISBN 9780880335157. 

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]