29 July 1793|
Mosóc, Kingdom of Hungary (now Mošovce, Slovakia)
|Died||24 January 1852
Vienna, Austrian Empire
|Occupation||Writer, poet, pastor|
|Notable work(s)||Slávy dcera|
|Relative(s)||Matej Kollár (father)
Katarína Frndová (mother)
Ján Kollár (29 July 1793 in Mošovce (Mosóc), Kingdom of Hungary, Habsburg Monarchy, now Slovakia – 24 January 1852 in Vienna, Austrian Empire) was a Slovak writer (mainly poet), archaeologist, scientist, politician, and main ideologist of Pan-Slavism.
He studied at the Lutheran Lyceum in Pressburg (Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary, now Bratislava, Slovakia). He spent most of his adult life as a chaplain to the populous but poor Slovak Lutheran community in Pest (Kingdom of Hungary, today part of Budapest, Hungary). From 1849, he was a professor of Slavic archeology at the University of Vienna, and several times he also acted as a counselor to the Austrian government for issues around the Slovaks. He entered the Slovak national movement in its first phase.
His museum (since 1974) in Mošovce was installed in the former granary, which was the only masoned part of Kollár's otherwise wooden birth-house. The rest of the house burned down in a fire on 16 August 1863. In 2009 was built a replica of the original Kollár's birth-house, which is now a museum.
Besides writing poetry he also wrote technical literature.
- Slávy Dcera (1824; The daughter of Sláva), collection of two (37 and 39 sonnets) cycles
In this work he worked out the conception of Slavic reciprocity. He expressed his feelings to a woman but this love had transformed to a love to his homeland. The main thematics of this work are: •love •patriotism
It is divided into 5 chapters and it has a foreword.
The author expressed his fears that the Slovaks will disappear from Europe like other Slavic tribes did it before. He asked the Slovaks to ask for help from the Russian nation.
This part contains love sonnets. He glorified his love and made from her an idol of Slovak women. From this time the girl is Mína,the daughter of goddess Sláva.
2. Labe, Rén, Vltava
In these parts the author took us to places where Slavic tribes lived before. He is disappointed because these areas belong to foreign countries now.
The author arrived to Slovakia. He had to see the poverty of this area. He is highly disappointed and he longed for death.
Mína, the daughter of goddess Sláva (the author's love), turned into a fairy and took the author to the heaven and to the hell of Slovaks.
- O literární vzájemnosti mezi kmeny a nářečími slavskĭmi (On the literary reciprocity between Slav tribes and vernaculars)
- Petro, Peter (1995). A History of Slovak Literature (1 ed.). Mcgill Queens's University Press. p. 66.
- Auty, Robert. 1952. Ján Kollár, 1793-1852. The Slavonic and East European Review Vol. 31, No. 76: 74-91.
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