Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County (former)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the historical county. For the modern county, see Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County.
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
19th century–1918

Coat of arms of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok

Coat of arms

Location of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok
Capital Szolnok
47°10′N 20°11′E / 47.167°N 20.183°E / 47.167; 20.183Coordinates: 47°10′N 20°11′E / 47.167°N 20.183°E / 47.167; 20.183
History
 -  Established 19th century
 -  Disestablished 1918
Area
 -  1910 5,251 km2 (2,027 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 374,000 
Density 71.2 /km2  (184.5 /sq mi)
Today part of Hungary

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok was an administrative county (comitatus) in the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory, which is now in central Hungary, was slightly smaller than that of present Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county. The capital of the county was Szolnok.

Geography[edit]

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun, Heves, Hajdú, Békés, and Csongrád. The rivers Tisza and Körös flow through the county. Its area was 5251 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county was formed in the 19th century from the territories of Szolnok, Jászság (Jazygia) and Nagykunság (great Cumania). After World War II, the territory of the county was modified: the area on the left bank of the Tisza around Tiszafüred was taken from Heves county, and the area around Dévaványa went to Békés county.

The term Jász originates from the Jassic people (cf. Alans) who moved to this area of Hungary from the Pontic steppes sometime in the 13th century.

Demographics[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 350,269 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Jászság alsó Jászapáti
Jászság felső Jászberény
Tisza alsó Tiszaföldvár
Tisza felső Kunhegyes
Tisza közép Törökszentmiklós
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Jászberény
Karcag
Kisújszállás
Mezőtúr
Szolnok
Túrkeve
  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06.