Józef Czyrek

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Józef Czyrek
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
1980–1982
Preceded by Emil Wojtaszek
Succeeded by Stefan Olszowski
Personal details
Born (1928-07-20)20 July 1928
Białobrzegi, Podkarpackie Voivodeship, Poland
Died 3 June 2013(2013-06-03) (aged 84)
Warsaw, Poland
Nationality Polish
Political party Polish United Workers' Party
Alma mater Jagiellonian University

Józef Czyrek (20 July 1928 – 3 June 2013) was a Polish politician who served as the minister of foreign affairs of the People's Republic of Poland from 1980 to 1982.

Early life and education[edit]

Czyrek was born in Białobrzegi, Podkarpackie Voivodeship, Poland, in 1928.[1] He graduated with a bachelor's degree in economics from Jagiellonian University in 1950.[1]

Career[edit]

Czyrek began his career as a researcher at Jagiellonian University and the University of Economics in Krakow.[1] In 1952 he joined the ministry of foreign affairs.[1] He was a member of the Politburo of the Polish United Workers' party to which he joined in 1955.[1][2] He served as the counsel in Belgrade (1962 - 1968) and deputy director as well as director of studies and programming department at the ministry of foreign affairs (1969 - 1971).[1]

He served as the deputy minister of foreign affairs until August 1980.[3][4] He served as the minister of foreign affairs from August 1980 to 1982, replacing Emil Wojtaszek in the post.[5] In 1981 he was named as the member of the party's secretariat.[6] In December 1982, he was appointed vice-president of the Patriotic Movement for National Rebirth (PRON).[1] Czyrek also acted as top aide to the then Polish president and general secretary of the communist party Wojciech Jaruzelski.[7] Czyrek participated in round table talks between the ruling party and opposition figures that lasted from 6 February to 4 April 1989.[8]

His term as top aide ended on 30 July 1989 when Jaruzelski resigned from the leadership of the communist party.[9] Czyrek also resigned from the communist party's central committee on that date.[10][11]

Death[edit]

Czyrek died on 3 June 2013.[5][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Józef Czyrek". dzieje. 1 June 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Svetlana Savranskaya; Thomas S. Blanton; Vladislav Martinovich Zubok (2010). Masterpieces of History: The Peaceful End of the Cold War in Eastern Europe, 1989. Central European University Press. p. 292. ISBN 978-963-9776-77-7. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Protocol (1974)". Concordat Watch. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "Polish premier ousted". Toledo Blade (Warsaw). Reuters. 25 August 1980. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "June 2013". Rulers. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  6. ^ Kramer, Mark. "Soviet deliberations during the Polish crisis, 1980 - 1981". Cold War International History Project. Special Working Papers (1): 150. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  7. ^ Geyer, G. Anne (18 November 1989). "A nation in waiting". The Victoria Advocate. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  8. ^ Kennedy, Michael D. (2002). "Negotiating revolution in Poland". NCEEER. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  9. ^ Tagliabue, John (30 July 1989). "Jarzelski quits as party leader; Premier gets post". The New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  10. ^ Butturini, Paula (30 July 1989). "Solidarity Foe Is New Polish Party Chief". Chicago Tribune (Warsaw). Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Polish communists pick Hard-liner to lead party". Deseret News. 30 July 1989. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "Józef Czyrek". Gazeta. 7 June 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.