Józef Paczoski

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A plaque in the Białowieża National Park, commemorating Jozef Paczoski

Józef Konrad Paczoski /ˈjʊzɛf pəˈɒski/ was an eminent Polish botanist, who coined the term "Phytosociology"[1] and was one of the founders of this branch of botany.[2]

Early life[edit]

Paczoski was born on 8 December 1864 in Byalohorodka near Iziaslav in Volhynia, and died on 14 February 1942 in Sierosław near Poznań, Poland. From 1877 he studied botany at faculty of Biological Science at Jagiellonian University and Kiev University under the guidance of Ivan Ivanovich Schmalhausen.

Phytosociological research[edit]

He was an early pioneer of the science of phytosociology, the study of natural plant communities.[2] In 1896 he coined the term "phytosociology".[1] In 1923 he became a scientific manager of the forest reserves in the Białowieża Forest. He did much of his research on the vegetation of the Białowieża National Park.[3] He was a member of the Polish Academy of Learning (Polska Akademia Umiejętności), the predecessor of the Polish Academy of Sciences.[4] He established the first Institute of Plant Sociology in the world, at Poznań University. From 1925 to 1931 he was Professor of Plant Systematics and Sociology at that University.

Death[edit]

He died in 1942 of a heart attack, when he heard that his grandson had been injured by the Gestapo (Poland being occupied at that time by Nazi Germany).[2]

Plant species named after Jozef Paczoski[edit]

Publications[edit]

  • Paczoski J. 1927. Ranunculaceae. In: Szafer W (ed.) Flora polska : Rośliny naczyniowe Polski i ziem ościennych (Polish: Flora of Poland: Vascular plants of Poland and adjacent territories). Vol. III. Kraków: Polska Akademja Umiejętności
  • Paczoski J. 1928. La végétation de la Foret de Białowieża (French: The Vegetation of Białowieża Forest). Varsovie.
  • Paczoski J. 1928. Biologiczna struktura lasu (Polish : The Biological Structure of Forest). Sylwan 3: 193 - 221.
  • Paczoski J. 1929. Die Wälder Bosniens (German: The Forests of Bosnia). Lwów: Polskie Towarzystwo Leśne.
  • Paczoski J. 1930. Lasy Białowieży (Polish: The Forests of Białowieża). Monografje Naukowe 1. Warszawa: Państwowa Rada Ochrony Przyrody.
  • Paczoski J. 1933. Podstawowe zagadnienia geografji roślin (Polish: Basic concepts in plant geography). Biblioteka Botaniczna. Vol. III. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Polskiego Towarzystwa Botanicznego.
  • Paczoski J. 1935. Piętrowość lasu (Polish: Layers of forest vegetation). Biblioteka Botaniczna. Vol. IV. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Polskiego Towarzystwa Botanicznego.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rabotnov TA. 1970-1979. Phytocoenology. In: The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd ed.
  2. ^ a b c Maycock PF. 1967 "Jozef Paczoski: founder of the science of phytosociology". Ecology 48:1031-1034
  3. ^ "Short description of the Białowieża National Park on the CarboForest Conference site". Carboforest.eu. Retrieved 2011-08-06. 
  4. ^ "Trees of Bialowieza National Park. Dedication". Drzewa.puszcza-bialowieska.eu. Retrieved 2011-08-06.