Jõhvi

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This article is about the town in Jõhvi Parish, Ida-Viru County. For the village in the same parish, see Jõhvi village.
Jõhvi
Town
Johvi estonia.jpg
Flag of Jõhvi
Flag
Coat of arms of Jõhvi
Coat of arms
Jõhvi is located in Estonia
Jõhvi
Jõhvi
Location in Estonia
Coordinates: 59°21′27″N 27°25′37″E / 59.35750°N 27.42694°E / 59.35750; 27.42694Coordinates: 59°21′27″N 27°25′37″E / 59.35750°N 27.42694°E / 59.35750; 27.42694
Country  Estonia
County Ida-Virumaa lipp.svg Ida-Viru County
Municipality Flag of Jõhvi.svg Jõhvi Parish
Founded 1938
Area
 • Total 7.62 km2 (2.94 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 10,775
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Estonians 34.5%
 • Russians 55.7%
 • other 9.6%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 71501 to 71599
Area code(s) (+372) 22
Website www.johvi.ee

Jõhvi (German: Jewe, Russian: Йыхви) is a town in north-eastern Estonia, and the capital of Ida-Viru County. The town is also an administrative centre of Jõhvi Parish. It is situated 50 km from the Russian border.

Ethnic Estonians are a minority in Jõhvi, as about 55% of the town's population are either ethnic Russians who arrived in Estonia during the period of Soviet rule of Estonia (1944 - 1991) or their descendants.

History[edit]

Jõhvi was first mentioned as a village in 1241 in Liber Census Daniae when it was ruled by Denmark. Historical names of Jõhvi were Gewi and Jewi. In the 13th century a church was built here and Jõhvi became the centre of the local church parish.

On 1 May 1938 Konstantin Päts renamed the Jõhvi borough a town along with nearly all Estonian boroughs. Up to 1991, Jõhvi was a district of Kohtla-Järve. In 2005 the town of Jõhvi was united with the parish of Jõhvi.

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]