Jizan Region

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Coordinates: 17°30′N 42°30′E / 17.500°N 42.500°E / 17.500; 42.500

Jazan Region
Region
جازان
Map of Saudi Arabia with Jazan highlighted
Map of Saudi Arabia with Jazan highlighted
Capital Jizan
Boroughs 14
Government
 • Governor Prince Muhammad bin Nasr
Area
 • Total 11,671 km2 (4,506 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,365,110
 • Density 116.97/km2 (303.0/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 09

Jazan Region (Arabic: جازانJāzān) is the second smallest (smallest region is Al Bahah) region of Saudi Arabia. It stretches some 300 km along the southern Red Sea coast, just north of Yemen. It covers an area of 11,671 km² and a population of 1,365,110 at the 2010 census (preliminary result). The capital is the city of Jizan; Muhammad bin Nasser bin Abdulaziz is the current Governor.

The region includes over 100 islands in the Red Sea. Jizan is the poorest area in Saudi Arabia. 34% of Saudi families in Jizan live in poverty.[1] The Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia's first conservation protected area, are home to the endangered Arabian gazelle and, in winter, migratory birds from Europe.

Geography[edit]

The region divides into three parts.

  • The Al-Sarawat mountains inland, which rise to about 3,000 metres[citation needed].
  • The Alhazoun forest district consists of forest broken by some areas of rich pasture[citation needed].
  • The plains are noted for the production of coffee beans, cereal grain crops (barley, millet and wheat) and fruit (apples, bananas, grapes, mangoes, papayas, plums and citrus varieties)[citation needed].

Though the climate on the highlands is similar to the relatively wetter climate of 'Asir, the coastal regions of Jazan province are part of Tihamah, probably the hottest place in the country, with mean maximum temperatures ranging from 40°C (104°F) in July to 31°C (88°F) in January. High humidity from coastal lagoons makes the climate even less bearable than it would be otherwise. Rainfall is extremely low at less than 75 millimetres (3 inches) per year. Sabya is located in the center between the mountain and the beach.

Sub-divisions[edit]

The region is sub-divided into 14 governorates as follows:

Jazan's Governorates
Name Native name Census
15 September 2004
Census (Preliminary)
28 April 2010
Abu Arish أبو عريش 123,943 197,112
Alddair الدائر 49,239 59,494
Alddarb الدرب 52,062 69,134
Ahad Almasarihah أحد المسارحة 70,038 110,710
Alaridah العارضة 62,841 76,705
Alaydabi العيدابي 52,515 60,799
Alharth الحرث 47,073 18,586
Alraith الريث 13,406 18,961
Baish بيش 58,269 77,442
Damad ضمد 62,366 71,601
Farasan فرسان 13,962 17,999
Jazan جازان 255,340 157,536
Sabya صبياء 198,086 228,375
Samtah صامطة 128,447 201,656
Total Province جازان 1,187,587 1,365,110

Arrayth is one of the most beautiful mountains in the south of Saudi Arabia. Farasan is a group of islands.

Ethnography[edit]

For centuries, a majority of the inhabitants have been sunni Muslims[citation needed].

Arabic language is native to over 90% of the inhabitants[citation needed].

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • S.I. Bruk, Narody Peredney Azii (1960);
  • S.I. Bruk, and V. S. Apenchenko, Atlas Narodov Mira (Moscow: Academy of Science, 1964)
  • A. Gabriel, Religionsgeographie von Persien (Vienna, 1971).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Poverty in the Kingdom of Gold". Retrieved 24 August 2013.