J. H. Colton
|Born||Joseph Hutchins Colton
July 5, 1800
|Died||July 29, 1893(aged 93)|
Joseph Hutchins Colton (July 5, 1800 – July 29, 1893), known professionally as J.H. Colton, founded an American mapmaking company which was an international leader in the map publishing industry between 1831 and 1890.
Colton was born in Longmeadow, Massachusetts, and moved to New York in 1831 to establish his firm. For the first ten years, Colton licensed the use of maps from established engravers such as Samuel Stiles and David H. Burr. Colton went on to create railroad maps, immigrant guides, folding pocket maps, large wall maps, and elaborate atlases.
J.H. Colton Company maps were printed using engraved steel plates, which produced higher quality prints than maps made with less costly wax engravings. They were often individually hand watercolored and were recognized for their decorative borders. They were also the first maps to purchase copyrighted works of other map makers to republish copyrighted maps.
In the early 1850s Colton brought his two sons into the business, George Woolworth Colton (1827–1901) and Charles B. Colton (1832–1916).
In 1857, Colton was awarded a $25,000 commission by the Government of Bolivia to produce 2500 large maps of the country. Colton completed the contract, but was not paid by Bolivia, which was mired in revolution. Colton pursued a high-profile legal case against the Bolivian and Peruvian governments and after considerable delay was awarded $100,000 in compensation and damages.
Maps published by J.H. Colton can be found in the historical archives of most of the U.S. states, (including Mississippi, Louisiana, and Maryland) and of many national governments (including the United States Library of Congress). They are also found in university and museum collections (including at University of Kansas, University of Texas, and Princeton University).
- Groce, G.C.; D.H. Wallace (1957). The New York Historical Society's Dictionary of Artists in America. Yale Press.
- "Colton's Japan: Nippon, Kiusiu, Sikok, Yesso and the Japanese Kuriles". World Digital Library. 1855. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- "Colton Biography from Geographicus". Retrieved 6 July 2011.
- Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Circuit Court of the United States for the Second Circuit By United States Circuit Court. Derby and Miller, 1868.
- "Colton Biography from Long Island University". Retrieved 6 July 2011.
- David Rumsey Map Collection features many Colton maps
- Colton's 1855 Kansas & Nebraska map in The Library of Congress
- Colton's 1855 Georgia map in the University of Georgia collection
- Colton's 1856 England and Wales map in the UCLA collection
- Colton's 1885 New Mexico & Utah map in the UNLV collection