June 28, 1889|
Harlingen, Friesland, Netherlands
|Died||July 9, 1954
|Academic advisors||J.J.M. de Groot
Jan Julius Lodewijk Duyvendak, (Chinese: 戴文達; pinyin: Dài Wéndá; 28 June 1889 – 9 July 1954), was a Dutch sinologist and professor of Chinese at Leiden University. He is known for his translation of The Book of Lord Shang and his studies of the Dao De Jing. He was co-editor of the renowned sinology journal T'oung Pao with French scholar Paul Pelliot for several decades.
Duyvendak was born in Harlingen in 1889. He matriculated into Leiden University as an undergraduate where he studied philology, and was soon introduced to Chinese by Dutch sinologist J.J.M. de Groot. In 1910 Duyvendak moved to Paris where he began more advanced studies in Chinese under Édouard Chavannes and Henri Cordier. From 1912 to 1918, Duyvendak worked as an interpreter at the Dutch embassy in Beijing before gaining a position at Leiden University in 1919. During World War II, Duyvendak worked to protect Jews living in the Netherlands from Nazi forces.
- The Book of Lord Shang, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1928
- "Further Data Bearing on the Identification of the Crab Nebula with the Supernova of 1054 AD: Part I, the Ancient Oriental Chronicles", Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 54, no. 318, 1942, pp. 91–94.
- Tao Te Ching, The Book of the Way and Its Virtue, London: John Murray, 1954
- Short bio of Duyvendak at UMass Amherst
- Letter from Duyvendak to the astronomer Jan Oort & correspondence by Oort and W. Baade (Leiden University Library)
- Paul Demiéville, "J.J.L. Duyvendak (1889-1954)", T'oung Pao 43 (1954-55): 1-33.
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