J.J.L. Duyvendak

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J.J.L. Duyvendak
JJL Duyvendak.jpg
Born (1889-06-28)June 28, 1889
Harlingen, Friesland, Netherlands
Died July 9, 1954(1954-07-09) (aged 65)
Nationality Dutch
Academic advisors J.J.M. de Groot
Édouard Chavannes
Henri Cordier

Jan Julius Lodewijk Duyvendak, (Chinese: 戴文達; pinyin: Dài Wéndá; 28 June 1889 – 9 July 1954), was a Dutch sinologist and professor of Chinese at Leiden University. He is known for his translation of The Book of Lord Shang and his studies of the Dao De Jing.[1] He was co-editor of the renowned sinology journal T'oung Pao with French scholar Paul Pelliot for several decades.

Life[edit]

Duyvendak was born in Harlingen in 1889. He matriculated into Leiden University as an undergraduate where he studied philology, and was soon introduced to Chinese by Dutch sinologist J.J.M. de Groot. In 1910 Duyvendak moved to Paris where he began more advanced studies in Chinese under Édouard Chavannes and Henri Cordier. From 1912 to 1918, Duyvendak worked as an interpreter at the Dutch embassy in Beijing before gaining a position at Leiden University in 1919. During World War II, Duyvendak worked to protect Jews living in the Netherlands from Nazi forces.

In 1942, Duyvendak published one of the first articles in a Western language on the Crab Nebula supernova as observed by Chinese astronomers in 1054 during the Song dynasty.

Published works[edit]

  • The Book of Lord Shang, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1928
  • "Further Data Bearing on the Identification of the Crab Nebula with the Supernova of 1054 AD: Part I, the Ancient Oriental Chronicles", Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 54, no. 318, 1942, pp. 91–94.
  • Tao Te Ching, The Book of the Way and Its Virtue, London: John Murray, 1954

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paul Demiéville, "J.J.L. Duyvendak (1889-1954)", T'oung Pao 43 (1954-55): 1-33.