J. A. Chatwin
Julius Alfred Chatwin FRIBA, RBS, FSAScot (24 April 1830 – 6 June 1907), was a designer of buildings and the most prolific architect involved with the building and modification of churches in Birmingham, England, building or altering many of the parish churches in the city. He used both the Gothic and Classical styles. His designs always included all of the carvings and internal fittings.
Born the son of John (a button manufacturer in Great Charles Street, Birmingham) and Harriet Chatwin, and educated at King Edward's School on New Street and the University of London, he was known by the name Alfred. He worked from 1846 as an architect for the largest builders in the country, Branson and Gwyther of Birmingham. He was articled to Charles Barry in 1851 and worked with Barry and Augustus Pugin on the Victoria Tower of the Houses of Parliament. He worked again for Gwyther personally on his enterprises in Llandudno, North Wales. In 1855 he opened an office on Bennett's Hill in Birmingham. He was, from 1866, architect to the Governors of King Edward's School and designed the first King Edward VI High School for Girls on New Street. From 1864 he became architect to Lloyds Bank for over thirty years.
From 1866 he worked with his son, Philip Boughton Chatwin (P. B. Chatwin) (1873–1964) who became his partner in 1897.
He was made a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects (FRIBA) on 30 November 1863 and member of the Royal British Society of Sculptors (RBS), Royal Society of Arts (RSA), and Fellow of the Royal Antiquary Society of Scotland.
He married at St James, Handsworth on 26 October 1869. He is buried with his wife Edith Isabella Chatwin and daughter Isabella Gertrude Chatwin in St Bartholomew's Church, Edgbaston. His gravestone also mentions his daughter Grace Constance Chatwin (cremated).
- Bingley Hall, 1850, now demolished
- School House, Solihull School, 1882 Grade II
- Most of the north side of Colmore Row after 1866
- Birmingham Greek Orthodox Cathedral - Dormition of the Mother of God and St Andrew (built as a Catholic Apostolic church) Grade II
- St Clement, Nechells Park Road, 1857-9 (his first church)
- Holy Trinity Church, Birchfield, 1860-3 Grade II*
- The Joint Stock Bank (later Lloyds Bank, now the Old Joint Stock pub and Old Joint Stock Theatre), Temple Row West, 1862–64 Grade II
- Knutsford Lodge, 25 Somerset Road Grade II*
- St Augustine's Church, Edgbaston, 1868, with 185 foot spire added later Grade II*
- Christ Church, Summerfield, Edgbaston
- St. John's Church, Ladywood 1881 new chancel
- All Saints' Church, King's Heath 1883 north aisle
- St John, Bewdley Road, Kidderminster new nave 1890–94
- Lloyds Bank, Queen Square, Wolverhampton Grade II listed where he is commemorated by a blue plaque
- St Mark, Washwood Heath
- St Martin in the Bull Ring, (except tower and spire) Grade II*
- St Mary, Oldswinford, chancel 1898
- St Mary, Bearwood Road, Bearwood, 1888
- St. Mary's Church, Moseley (rebuilt) Grade II
- St Mary the Virgin, Acocks Green, chancel 1894
- St Mary and St Ambrose, Pershore Road, Edgbaston, (a red brick and terracotta church, 1897–98) Grade II
- Saints Peter and Paul - Aston Parish Church, 1879, (except tower and spire) Grade II*
- St. Paul's, Lozells Road, Birmingham
- St Philip's Cathedral, Birmingham (enlarged, with new chancel) Grade I
- School and church, Catherine-de-Barnes, Solihull, 1880
- Work on Uppingham School, 1870
- Wolverhampton Art Gallery, 1882 Grade II
- New Berry Hall,1880 & Berry Hall Lodge, Marsh Lane, Solihull, 1884 Grade II
- St. Bartholomew's Church, Edgbaston 1885 new chancel, chapels and north arcade.
- Church of St. Michael and All Angels, Underwood 1890
- Bishop Ryder Church, Birmingham 1894 new chancel
- St. John's Church, Kidderminster 1892–1904 new chancel, nave and aisles
- St James' Church, Handsworth 1895; rebuilding
- Little, Bryan (1971). Birmingham Buildings, The Architectural Story of a Midland City. ISBN 0-7153-5295-4.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1968). Worcestershire. The Buildings of England. p. 206.
- Pevsner, Worcestershire, p. 228
- Pevsner, Worcestershire, p. 88
- "Celebration as restoration of gothic "Masterpiece" nears completion". English Heritage. 2008-12-10. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- More Churches in the Ashfield Area. Ashfield District Council.
- "Religious History - Churches built since 1800". A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 7. pp. 379–396. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
- Foster, Andy (2005). Birmingham. Pevsner Architectural Guides. ISBN 0-300-10731-5.
- Blue plaque in Wolverhampton
- St. Martin's in the Bull Ring. Church Guide. 1991. ISBN 0-85101-282-5.
- Incorporated Church Building Society - Church Plans Online
- Waterhouse, Rachel (1983). King Edward High School Birmingham 1883-1983.
- Noszlopy, George T. (1998). Jeremy Beach, ed. Public Sculpture of Birmingham including Sutton Coldfield. ISBN 0-85323-692-5.
- The Life Story of J. A. Chatwin FRIBA, FSA.Scot 1830-1907, P. B. Chatwin. Oxford University Press,. 1952.
- Bridges, Tim. Phillada Ballard, ed. Birmingham's Victorian and Edwardian Architects. Oblong. ISBN 978-0-9556576-2-7.
- Digital Ladywood (photographs of Birmingham) - autographed portrait - when in website, search for Julius Alfred Chatwin