J. A. O. Preus
|Jacob Aall Ottesen Preus|
|Governor J.A.O. Preus|
|20th Governor of Minnesota|
January 5, 1921 – January 6, 1925
|Lieutenant||Louis L. Collins|
|Preceded by||Joseph A. A. Burnquist|
|Succeeded by||Theodore Christianson|
|8th Minnesota State Auditor|
January 5, 1915 – January 5, 1921
|Preceded by||Samuel G. Iverson|
|Succeeded by||Ray P. Chase|
August 28, 1883|
Columbia County, Wisconsin, United States
|Died||May 24, 1961
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Idelle Louise Haugen|
|Alma mater||Luther College
University of Minnesota Law School
|Profession||politician, insurance executive|
Jacob Aall Ottesen Preus (pronounced Proice) (August 28, 1883 – May 24, 1961) was an American politician. He served as the 8th state auditor of Minnesota from January 5, 1915 to January 5, 1921, and as the 20th Governor of Minnesota from January 5, 1921 to January 6, 1925. He was a Republican.
He was born in Columbia County, Wisconsin on August 28, 1883 of Norwegian descent. The grandson, son, father, grandfather, and great-grandfather of Lutheran pastors, he chose to serve the state rather than the church. He was a 1903 graduate of Luther College in Decorah, Iowa, where his extended family has had a key role in the development, governance, and academic life of the college-community since its founding in 1862.
As a recent graduate of the University of Minnesota Law School he cut his political teeth in Washington as executive clerk to Senator Knute Nelson. Back home after three years, he continued his climb up the Republican ladder of state service toward the governor's office.
When Preus first ran for governor in 1920, he adamantly opposed the Farmer-Labor Party, a coalition of discontented farmers and laborers who had formed a new political organization. The party, he declaimed, represented "socialism – a political cult that would destroy the principles of private property, our religion, and our homes."
Despite his reservations about the Farmer-Labor philosophy, Governor Preus nonetheless encouraged the legislature to meet some of the farmers' demands by broadening the legal powers of cooperatives, making low-interest loans available through the Rural Credit Bureau, and creating the Department of Agriculture. Preus also demanded higher taxes from the owners of ore-rich mines on the Iron Range, expanded highway construction, and improved equal rights and election procedures. His political savvy, combined with an apparent desire to correct inequities, made Minnesota's twentieth governor a surprisingly prolific reformer.
After completing his second term, Preus became an insurance executive in Chicago. He returned to Minneapolis in 1958 and served until his death as board chairman of Lutheran Brotherhood, a fraternal insurance society he had co-founded in 1917. He also founded the Aid Association for Lutherans, which consolidated in the 1990s to become Thrivent Financial for Lutherans.
Preus was married during 1909 to Idella Louise Haugen. Their son, Jacob Aall Ottesen Preus II, was a theologian, professor, author, and president of the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod. Their other son, Robert Preus, was a Lutheran pastor, professor, author, theologian, and president of Concordia Theological Seminary. He died on May 24, 1961.
- Biographical information and his gubernatorial records are available for research use at the Minnesota Historical Society.
- J. A. O. Preus 01 at the Minnesota Historical Society
- J. A. O. Preus 02 at the Minnesota Historical Society
- J. A. O. Preus with Eleonora and Ethel Olson
Joseph A. A. Burnquist
|Governor of Minnesota
Samuel G. Iverson
|Minnesota State Auditor
Ray P. Chase