J. B. Lippincott & Co.

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J. B. Lippincott & Co.
J B Lippincott Co LOC photo meetup 2012.jpg
Status Defunct
Founded 1836
Founder Joshua Ballinger Lippincott
Successor Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (medicine, nursing, health professions)
HarperCollins (adult, junior)
Country of origin United States
Headquarters location Philadelphia
Publication types Books, Journals, Magazines

J. B. Lippincott & Co. was an American publishing house founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1836 by Joshua Ballinger Lippincott. It was incorporated in 1885 as J. B. Lippincott Company.[1]

History[edit]

Joshua Ballinger Lippincott, by Thomas Eakins

1836 - 1977[edit]

J. B. Lippincott & Co. began business publishing Bibles and prayer books before expanding into history, biography, fiction, poetry, and gift books. The company later added almanacs, medicine and law, school textbooks, and dictionaries. In 1849, Lippincott acquired Grigg, Elliot & Co., a significant publisher and wholesaler whose origins dated back to printer and bookseller Benjamin and Jacob Johnson in 1792. In 1850 J. B. Lippincott & Co. became Lippincott, Grambo & Co. but reverted to its former name in 1855. The company was incorporated in 1878 as J. B. Lippincott Company. Lippincott published the first textbook of nursing in the US in 1878 and the first issue of the American Journal of Nursing in 1900.[2] By the end of the 19th century, Lippincott was one of the largest and best-known publishers in the world.[3] Lippincott's Monthly Magazine, a popular periodical containing a complete novel, short stories, poetry, and opinion, was published in the US and the UK from 1868 to 1914. During the 20th century Lippincott also became a major publisher of schoolbooks for elementary and high school education and of references, textbooks, and journals in medicine and nursing.[4]

1978 - 1995[edit]

In 1978, J. B. Lippincott Company was acquired by Harper & Row Publishers, Inc. Lippincott's trade, juvenile and elementary and high school divisions were merged into Harper's. The remaining publishing activities, in medicine, nursing, and allied health, were combined with Harper's programs to form "J.B. Lippincott - the Health Professions Publisher of Harper & Row." In 1990, the company was acquired by Wolters Kluwer N.V. of The Netherlands. The J. B. Lippincott Company celebrated its 200th anniversary in 1992.[5]

1996 - present[edit]

Wolters Kluwer merged Lippincott with its other medical publisher, Raven Press, in 1996 to form Lippincott-Raven Publishers. In 1998 Wolters Kluwer acquired medical publisher Williams & Wilkins and combined it with Lippincott-Raven to form Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. After further internal reorganization at Wolters Kluwer in 2002, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ceased to exist as an operational entity; instead, the name is now used solely as a publishing imprint of Wolters Kluwer Health.

The J. B. Lippincott Headquarters Building, built in 1900 on S. 6th Street across from Washington Square, and designed by William B. Pritchett in the Italianate style

Leadership[edit]

Notable authors[edit]

Works[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Freeman, pp. 26-29
  2. ^ The Author and his Audience. J. B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia, 1967, pp. 75-76
  3. ^ Freeman, p. 16
  4. ^ Freeman, p 44-48.
  5. ^ Freeman, p. 44-48
  6. ^ Freeman. p. 52

Bibliography

  • Freeman, J. Stuart (1992). Towards a Third Century of Excellence: An Informal History of the J. B. Lippincott Company on the Occasion of Its Two-Hundredth Anniversary. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co. ISBN 9780397512980. 

External links[edit]