Jens Christian Christensen

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Jens Christian Christensen
IC Christensen.png
Council President of Denmark
In office
14 January 1905 – 12 October 1908
Monarch Christian IX
Frederick VIII
Preceded by Johan Henrik Deuntzer
Succeeded by Niels Neergaard
Personal details
Born (1856-11-21)21 November 1856
Påbøl, West Jutland
Died 19 December 1930(1930-12-19) (aged 74)
Hee (near Ringkøbing)
Political party Venstre Reform Party

Jens Christian Christensen (21 November 1856 – 19 December 1930), most often called J. C. Christensen with the 'J' pronounced as an 'I', was a Danish politician normally considered the most important Danish political figure between circa 1900 and 1920.

Christensen was born into a West Jutland peasant family and starting as a herd boy, he was educated a teacher and joined politics at an early age. He was a member of the Danish Liberal Party until he founded the Venstre Reform Party in 1895. During later years, he successfully and adroitely led the opposition against the last Right cabinets, which resulted in the victory of parliamentarianism 1901. In the first Left cabinet of J. H. Deuntzer Christensen was Minister of Cultus and the strong man of the government, introducing reforms in the village school system.

J. C. Christensen was Council President of Denmark from 1905 to 1908 as the leader of the Cabinet of J. C. Christensen I and II. During this period he introduced female suffrage in local politics and tried to solve the problem of the defense. Also, he took the first steps towards a re-conciliation with the moderate liberals excluding the radicals.

The Alberti scandal in 1908 led to his fall and weakened his position, but he was still the leader of his party participating in the second Carl Theodor Zahle cabinet 1916-1918. In 1920-1922, he was minister for the last time and two years later he left politics. During his last years he supported the cultivation of the moor of Jutland.

Literature[edit]

  • Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, vol. 3, Copenhagen, 1979.
  • Svend Thorsen: De danske ministerier, vol. 1, Copenhagen, 1967.
Political offices
Preceded by
Jens Jacobsen Kokholm Bjerre
Kultus Minister of Denmark
24 July 1901 – 14 January 1905
Succeeded by
Enevold Sørensen
Preceded by
Johan Henrik Deuntzer
Council President of Denmark
14 January 1905 – 12 October 1908
Succeeded by
Niels Neergaard
Preceded by
New office
Defence Minister of Denmark
14 January 1905 – 12 October 1908
Succeeded by
Niels Neergaard
Preceded by
Niels Neergaard
Defence Minister of Denmark
16 September 1909 – 18 October 1909
Succeeded by
Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg
Preceded by
Anders Thomsen
Speaker of the Folketing
15 March 1912 – 13 June 1913
Succeeded by
Niels Pedersen-Nyskov
Preceded by
Minister without Portfolio of Denmark
30 September 1916 – 18 January 1918
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Emil Ammentorp
Minister for Ecclesiastical Affairs of Denmark
5 May 1920 – 15 August 1922
Succeeded by
J. Christian Lindberg Appel