J. C. Ryle
|The Right Reverend
|Bishop of Liverpool|
|Church||Church of England|
|Diocese||Diocese of Liverpool|
|Installed||19 April 1880|
|Term ended||1 March 1900|
10 May 1816|
|Died||10 June 1900(aged 84)|
He was the eldest son of John Ryle, private banker, of Park House, Macclesfield, M.P. for Macclesfield 1833-7, and Susanna, daughter of Charles Hurt of Wirksworth, Derbyshire. He was born at Macclesfield on 10 May 1816.
He was educated at Eton and the university of Oxford, where his career was unusually distinguished. He was Fell exhibitioner at Christ Church, from which foundation he matriculated on 15 May 1834. He was Craven scholar in 1836, graduated B. A. in 1838, having been placed in the first class in literæ humaniores in the preceding year, and proceeded M.A. in 1871. He was created D.D. by diploma on 4 May 1880.
Ryle left the university with the intention of standing for parliament on the first opportunity, but was deprived of the means of gratifying his ambition by his father's bankruptcy. He accordingly took holy orders (1841-2) and a cure of souls at Exbury, Hampshire. In 1843, he was preferred to the rectory of St. Thomas, Winchester, which he exchanged in the following year for that of Helmingham, Suffolk. The latter living he retained until 1861, when he resigned it for the vicarage of Stradbroke in the same county. The restoration of Stradbroke church was due to his initiative. In 1869, he was made rural dean of Hoxne, and in 1872 honorary canon of Norwich. He was select preacher at Cambridge in 1873 and the following year, and at Oxford from 1874 to 1876, and in 1879 and the following year. In 1880, he was designated dean of Salisbury, and at once, 19 April, advanced to the newly created see of Liverpool, which he ably administered until his death on 10 June 1900.
He married three times but his first two wives died young. The first marriage was on 29 October 1845, to Matilda Charlotte Louisa, daughter of John Pemberton Plumptre, of Fredville, Kent. The second, in March 1850, was to Jessy, daughter of John Walker of Crawfordton, Dumfriesshire. The third, on 24 October 1861, was to Henrietta, daughter of Lieutenant-colonel William Legh Clowes of Broughton Old Hall, Lancashire. He had a daughter by his first wife, and three sons by his second wife. His second son, Herbert Edward Ryle also a clergyman, became successively Bishop of Exeter, Bishop of Winchester and Dean of Westminster.
Ryle was a strong supporter of the evangelical school and a critic of Ritualism. He was a writer, pastor and an evangelical preacher. Among his longer works are Christian Leaders of the Eighteenth Century (1869), Expository Thoughts on the Gospels (7 vols, 1856–69), Principles for Churchmen (1884). Ryle was described as having a commanding presence and vigorous in advocating his principles albeit with a warm disposition. He was also credited with having success in evangelizing the blue collar community.
- Expository Thoughts on Matthew (1856)
- Expository Thoughts on Mark (1857)
- Expository Thoughts on Luke (1858)
- Expository Thoughts on John (1869)
- Coming Events And Present Duties, and Prophecy (1867) Now published as Are You Ready for the End of Time?
- Christian Leaders of the Last Century (1873)
- Holiness: Its Nature, Hindrances, Difficulties and Roots (1877, enlarged 1879)
- Practical Religion: Being Plain Papers on the Daily Duties, Experience, Dangers, and Privileges of Professing Christians (1878)
- Light From Old Times: or Protestant Facts And Men (1890)
- Five English Reformers
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Rigg, James McMullen (1901). "Ryle, John Charles". In Sidney Lee. Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
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|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
John Charles Ryle
- Biography, Tracts, and Articles on or by JC Ryle.
- The Evangelical Bishop: The JC Ryle Book Shelf, Archive.org.
- Advice to young Men: Thoughts For Young Men (PDF), Wretched radio.
- The Teaching of the Ritualists not the Teaching of the Church of England (PDF) (tract) (4), Church Association.
- Faithfulness and Holiness: The Witness of J.C. Ryle: An Appreciation, Bible.org.
- The J. C. Ryle Collection, Bible BB.
- What Think Ye of Christ?, Bible BB. A famous Christmas sermon relating Matthew 22:42 to the question of who is a Christian.
- Toon, Peter; Smout, Michael (1976), John Charles Ryle, Evangelical Bishop, Reiner Publications.
- Clark, M Guthrie, JC Ryle (Biography), Church Society.
- Ryle, JC, Sermons, Reformed sermon archives
- ————, Tracts.
- John Ryle, CricketArchive.
- The J.C. Ryle Archive
|New diocese||Bishop of Liverpool