J. D. McDuffie
|J. D. McDuffie|
McDuffie's 1984 car
December 5, 1938|
Upper Little River Township, Harnett County, North Carolina
|Died||August 11, 1991
Watkins Glen, New York
|Cause of death||Racing accident at Watkins Glen International during the Bud at the Glen|
|NASCAR Sprint Cup Series career|
|653 race(s) run over 28 year(s)|
|Best finish||9th (1971)|
|First race||1963 Speedorama 200 (Myrtle Beach)|
|Last race||1991 Budweiser at The Glen (Watkins Glen)|
John Delphus "J.D." McDuffie, Jr. (December 5, 1938 – August 11, 1991) was an American racing driver. He competed in the NASCAR Winston Cup (now Sprint Cup Series) driver from 1963 to 1991, and collected 106 top-tens during his career and holds the record for most starts in NASCAR's top level without a win. He died in a racing accident at Watkins Glen International in 1991.
He won several small races throughout the Carolinas including a track championship at a small dirt track near Rockingham, North Carolina. McDuffie made his NASCAR Winston Cup Series (now Sprint Cup Series) debut in 1963 at the Rambi Speedway near Myrtle Beach, South Carolina driving Curtis Turner’s old 1961 Ford. Though McDuffie was an expert dirt track racer, he never met with much success on asphalt tracks. His best NASCAR finish came at Albany-Saratoga Speedway in 1971 where he managed to finish 3rd. Meanwhile, his first last-place finish came at the 1963 Pickens 200. In 1978 McDuffie won the pole position for the Delaware 500. In the 1988 Daytona 500 qualifying race, McDuffie received second and third-degree burns in an accident after he raced without fireproof gloves because they were stolen before the race.
McDuffie is still the record holder for the most starts in NASCAR's top touring series without recording a win. His 653 starts ranks him 20th in all-time starts (as of July 2013). McDuffie also holds the series record for the most last-place finishes with 32.
McDuffie was involved in an accident on the fifth lap of the 1991 Budweiser at The Glen race at Watkins Glen International. On the straight between the Esses and the Loop-Chute, at 170 mph, McDuffie and Jimmy Means touched wheels. McDuffie's driver's side outer tie rod end dropped from the front wheel spindle, which caused him to lose control of the position of the right side tire/wheel. Further, the impact caused the front wheel assembly to completely fall off the car, starting a chain reaction that resulted in all of McDuffie's brakes failing. This left him no way of stopping the car or steering it away, and to further complicate matters there was no gravel trap in the corner that McDuffie was headed toward. As a result, McDuffie skidded across the grass and hit the outside retaining wall and tire barrier with such force that the car shot into the air, rotated in mid-air, and then came to rest upside down. Means also crashed into the same corner but was able to slow his vehicle down before the impact; his car went under McDuffie's as it was in mid-air. Means, a fellow independent racer, suffered only minor cuts and bruises in the accident, and got out of his car to check on JD. After peering into McDuffie's car, he began frantically signaling for assistance, and a host of medical personnel and track workers rushed to the scene. The race was delayed for an hour as McDuffie was removed from his car and his car was removed from the infield. Also, the wall that McDuffie and Means struck had to be repaired. As the cars got back on the track and cruised under yellow flag conditions, the media attention turned to Chip Williams, NASCAR's PR director, who disclosed that McDuffie had lost his life in the accident. The 52-year-old was survived by wife Ima Jean, son Jeff (who himself drove in five Winston Cup events), and daughter Linda. NASCAR Media Coordinator Chip Williams, in his interview with ESPN's Jerry Punch, erroneously reported that McDuffie was 53; he would not have been until December 5 of that year.
McDuffie's death led to changes at Watkins Glen. Six weeks earlier, Camel GT Prototype driver Tommy Kendall had a hard crash in the same section during the Camel Continental VIII, when a wheel failed on his Pratt & Miller Intrepid RM-1-Chevrolet prototype, sliding into the barrier, breaking both ankles and sidelining him for the rest of the 1991 season, including the Cup race, where he was set to substitute for Kyle Petty, injured at Talladega in May with a leg injury. (Kendall had substituted for Petty at Sears Point earlier in the year.) The track then responded with a bus stop chicane placed slightly before the entrance of Turn 5, the section of track in question, and a gravel trap, for the 1992 season.
McDuffie's widow, Ima Jean, unsuccessfully sued Watkins Glen for $4.25 million, claiming the barrier McDuffie hit was unsafe. The judge in that case ruled that McDuffie was familiar enough with the track to be aware of the dangers and that mechanical failure caused the accident.
- http://www.nascardriveroftheday.com/2010/01/jd-mcduffie.html JD McDuffie Bio
- ESPN coverage of the 1991 Budweiser at the Glen
- LASTCAR: CUP: Most Last-Place Finishes. Retrieved April 7, 2013.
- SPORTS PEOPLE: AUTO RACING; Track Found Not Liable - New York Times
- Salute to J.D.
- Driver's statistics at racing-reference.info
- -ESPN race coverage of JD McDuffie's crash for historical purposes only.
- -Tribute by PattyKay Lilley - Writer for racefansforever.com
|NASCAR Winston Cup Series fatalities