J. Marvin Herndon (born 1944) is an American interdisciplinary scientist, who earned his BA degree in physics in 1970 from the University of California, San Diego and his Ph.D. degree in nuclear chemistry in 1974 from Texas A&M University. For three years, J. Marvin Herndon was a post-doctoral assistant to Hans Suess and Harold C. Urey in geochemistry and cosmochemistry at the University of California, San Diego. He is the President of Transdyne Corporation in San Diego, California. He has been profiled in , and dubbed a “maverick geophysicist” by Current Biography . The Washington Post [1 ] He is most noted for deducing the composition of the [2 ] inner core of Earth as being nickel silicide, not partially crystallized nickel-iron metal. More recently, he has suggested " [3 ] " planetocentric georeactor nuclear fission reactors as energy sources for the gas giant outer planets. as the energy source and production mechanism for the geomagnetic field [4 ] and [5 ] stellar ignition by nuclear fission. [6 ]
In 2005 Herndon postulated what he calls
whole-earth decompression dynamics, which he describes as a unified theory combining elements of plate tectonics and Earth expansion. He suggests that Earth formed from a Jupiter-sized gas giant by catastrophic loss of its gaseous atmosphere with subsequent decompression and expansion of the rocky remnant planet resulting in decompression cracks at continental margins which are filled in by basalts from mid-ocean ridges. [7 ]
Publications [ edit ]
Herndon, J. M. (1993)
. J. Geomag. Geoelectr. 45, 423-437. Feasibility of a nuclear fission reactor at the center of the Earth as the energy source for the geomagnetic field Herndon, J. M. (1994)
. Planetary and protostellar nuclear fission: Implications for planetary change, stellar ignition and dark matter Proc. R. Soc. Lond A455, 453-461. Herndon, J. M. (1996)
. Sub-structure of the inner core of the earth Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 646-648. Hollenbach, D. F. and Herndon, J. M. (2001)
. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 11085-11090. Deep-earth reactor: nuclear fission, helium, and the geomagnetic field Herndon, J. M. (2003)
. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 100, 3047-3050. Nuclear georeactor origin of oceanic basalt 3He/4He, evidence, and implications Herndon, J. M. (2004)
. Scientific basis of knowledge on Earth's composition Curr. Sci. 88, 1034-1037. Herndon, J. M. (2005)
. Curr. Sci. 89(11), 1937-1941. Whole-Earth decompression dynamics Herndon, J. M. (2006)
. Curr. Sci., 90(12), 1605-1606. Energy for geodynamics: Mantle decompression thermal-tsunami Herndon, J. M. (2006)
. Solar System processes underlying planetary formation, geodynamics, and the georeactor Earth, Moon, and Planets, 99, 53-99. Herndon, J. M. (2006)
. Curr. Sci. 91(5), 596-598. Enhanced prognosis for abiotic natural gas and petroleum resources Herndon, J. M. (2007)
. Curr. Sci. 93(3), 394-399. Discovery of fundamental mass ratio relationships of whole-rock chondritic major elements: Implications on ordinary chondrite formation and on planet Mercury's composition Herndon, J. M. (2007)
. Curr. Sci. 93(11), 1485-1487. Nuclear georeactor generation of the Earth's geomagnetic field Herndon, J. M. (2008)
Maverick’s Earth and Universe, Vancouver: Trafford Press, ISBN 978-1-4251-4132-5. Herndon, J. M. (2009)
Nature of planetary matter and magnetic field generation in the Solar System. Curr. Sci. 96 (8), 1033-1039. http://nuclearplanet.com/1033a.pdf Herndon, J. M. (2009)
Internal heat production in hot Jupiter exo-planets, thermonuclear ignition of dark galaxies, and the basis for galactic luminous star distributions. Curr. Sci. 96 (11) 10, 1453-1456. http://nuclearplanet.com/1453.pdf Herndon, J. M. (2011)
Geodynamic basis of heat transport in the Earth. Curr. Sci. 101 (11), 1440-1450. http://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/101/11/1440.pdf Herndon, J. M. (2012)
Origin of mountains and primary initiation of submarine canyons: the consequences of Earth’s early formation as a Jupiter-like gas giant. Curr. Sci. 102 (10), 1370-1372. http://nuclearplanet.com/1370.pdf Herndon, J. M. (2012)
Hydrogen geysers: explanation for observed evidence of geologically recent volatile-related activity on Mercury’s surface. Curr. Sci. 103 (4), 361-362. http://nuclearplanet.com/0361.pdf Herndon, J.M. (2013)
Terracentric Nuclear Fission Reactor: Background, Basis, Feasibility, Structure, Evidence, and Geophysical Implications August 2013, arXiv 1308.5934 Herndon, J.M. (2013)
New indivisible planetary science paradigm August 2013, Curr. Sci. 105(4), 450-460. http://nuclearplanet.com/450.pdf
References [ edit ]
^ Current Biography 64: 45-49, 2003, http://web.archive.org/web/20050205193822/http://nuclearplanet.com/profile.htm, similar link: J. Marvin Herndon's Brief Biography at January 12, 2013
^ Guy Gugliotta. Is Earth's Core a Nuclear Fission Reactor?, The Washington Post, March 24, 2003, p. A06
^ Herndon, J. M. (1979) The nickel silicide inner core of the Earth. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A368, 495-500.
^ Herndon, J. M. (1992) Nuclear fission reactors as energy sources for the giant outer planets, Naturwissenschaften 79, 7-14.
^ Herndon, J. M. (2007) Nuclear georeactor generation of Earth’s geomagnetic field. Current Science, V. 93, No. 11, 1485-1487.
^ Herndon, J. M. (1994) Planetary and protostellar nuclear fission: Implications for planetary change, stellar ignition and dark matter. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond., A455, 453-461.
^ J. Marvin Herndon, Whole-earth decompression dynamics, Current Science, V. 89, No. 11, 10 Dec. 2005
"Scientific maverick's theory on Earth's core up for a test - Controversial view sees vast uranium field that serves as natural reactor", , November 29, 2004. San Francisco Chronicle Tom Siegfried,
"Natural nuke may explain - Earth's magnetic flips", , October 1, 2001. Article in The Dallas Morning News NewsBank. "Picture of a doomed Earth makes it to Hollywood",
, March 4, 2003. Article in USA Today EBSCO Newspaper Source Plus, Item: J0E055704256303
Jay Ingram, "At its Core, it was a silly publicity stunt", , April 6, 2003. Article in Toronto Star EBSCO Newspaper Source Plus, Item: 6FP2356036695 Brad Lemley,
"Nuclear Planet" (cover story), , Aug2002, Vol. 23 Issue 8, p36. 7p. 2 Color Photographs, 1 Diagram. Discover Susan Kruglinski,
"Journey to the Center of the Earth", , Jun2007, Vol. 28 Issue 6, p54-56. 3p., Discover Tim Appenzeller,
"Dead Center", , 3/17/2003, Vol. 134 Issue 8, p50. 1/3p. 1 Color Photograph. Article in U.S. News & World Report EBSCO MasterFILE Complete.
Dorion Sagan, Cosmic Apprentice: Dispatches from the Edges of Science, Ch. 11 "Priests of the Modern Age", University of Minnesota Press, 2013. ISBN 978-0816681358
K. R. Rao, "Research News: Nuclear reactor at the core of the Earth!", , 2002, 82, 126-127. Current Science W. Seifritz, "Some comments on Herndon's nuclear georeactor".
, 2003, 68(4), 193-196. Kerntechnik
External links [ edit ]