J. Massey Rhind

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J. Massey Rhind
JohnMasseyRhindArchivesofAmericanArt ca. 1923.jpg
J. Massey Rhind
Born 1860
Scotland
Died 1936
New York
Nationality Scottish-American
Field sculptor, educator

John Massey Rhind (9 July 1860–1936) was a Scottish-American sculptor. Among Rhind's better known works is the marble statue of Dr. Crawford W. Long located in the National Statuary Hall Collection in Washington D.C. (1926).

Early years[edit]

Born in Edinburgh, Rhind began his art studies under the tutorage of his father John Rhind, a respected and successful sculptor in the royal burgh. He studied at the Royal Scottish Academy,[1] and continued his education with Jules Dalou, who was at that time living and teaching in Lambeth, England. He then moved to Paris to continue his education for two more years. Upon completing his training he considered moving to the United States but was cautioned by his father not to do so because, “There is no sculptural art in America . . .You’ll starve.” [2]

In 1885 he established a studio with his elder brother William Birnie Rhind, at 217 West George Street, Glasgow, but his brother moved back to Edinburgh 2 years later.[3] At age 29, J. Massey Rhind finally emigrated to the United States in 1889 and settled in New York City.

Career[edit]

In February 1890 John Jacob Astor III died and shortly thereafter a competition to create three sets of bronze doors dedicated to him for Trinity Church, New York was announced. Rhind entered the competition, and, along with Charles Niehaus and Karl Bitter, was awarded one of the sets of doors. After this success he never lacked for work and was to generate a large number of public monuments and architectural projects. Nevertheless, Rhind still found time for smaller, private pieces such as a bust of Theodore Roosevelt.[4]

Gettysburg Battlefield[edit]

Public monuments[edit]

Washington, D.C.[edit]

Nova Scotia[edit]

New York and New Jersey[edit]

Other[edit]

Fountains[edit]

Architectural sculpture[edit]

New Haven County Court House[edit]

Detroit[edit]

Other[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "After studying at the Royal Scottish Academy". Visitors’ Guide to the United States Court House Indianapolis, Indiana and the United States District Court for the Southern District of Indiana. U.S. District Court, Southern District of Indiana. Retrieved 18 December 2010. 
  2. ^ McSpadden, J. Walker, ‘’Famous Sculptors of America’’, Dodd, Mead and Company, 1924 p.251
  3. ^ McKenzie, Raymond; Nisbet, Gary (2001). Public sculpture of Glasgow. Liverpool University Press. ISBN 978-0-85323-937-6. 
  4. ^ "John Massey Rhind". Fine Art May 2007. Rago Arts and Auction Center. 
  5. ^ a b c d Where They Are Is Known; Why They Went, Isn’t, Streetscapes column, New York Times, April 1, 2007 "[1]", accessed June 20, 2012
  6. ^ http://www.nj.com/hudson/index.ssf/2011/02/legends_landmarks_famed_sculpt.html
  7. ^ http://ns1763.ca/lunenco/chesmem.html
  8. ^ http://ns1763.ca/pictouco/newglaswar.html
Bibliography
  • Cantor, Laurel M., Spires of Princeton University: An architectural tour of the campus,Office of Communications/Publications, Stanhope Hall, Princeton University
  • Caffin, Charles H., American Masters of Sculpture, Doubleday, Page & Company, New York 1913
  • Craven, Wayne, The Sculpture at Gettysburg, Eastern Acorn Press, Eastern National Park and Monument association, 1982
  • Hawthorne, Frederick W., Gettysburg: Stories of Men and Monuments, The Association of Licensed Battlefield Guides, 1988
  • Kvaran and Lockley, Guide to the Architectural Sculpture in America, unpublished manuscript
  • Mackay, James, The Dictionary of Sculptors in Bronze, Antique Collectors Club, Woodbridge, Suffolk 1977
  • McSpadden, J. Walker, Famous Sculptors of America, Dodd, Mead and Company, Inc. New York 1924
  • Murdock, Myrtle Cheney, National Statuary Hall in the Nation's Capitol, Monumental Press, Inc., Washington D.C., 1955
  • Nawrocki, Dennis Alan and Thomas J. Holleman, Art in Detroit Public Places, Wayne State University Press, Detroit, Michigan, 1980
  • Opitz, Glenn B, Editor, Mantle Fielding’s Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors & Engravers, Apollo Book, Poughkeepsie NY, 1986
  • Thurkow, Fearn, Newark's Sculpture: A Survey of Public Monuments and Memorial Statuary, The Newark Museum Quarterly, Newark Museum Association, Winter 1975
  • Whittmore, Frances Davis, George Washington in Sculpture, Marshall Jones Company, Boston, 1933

External links[edit]